Scriptures

The Book Of 2 Samuel

WELCOME TO THE STUDY OF THE BOOK OF 2 SAMUEL

The Book of 2 Samuel is about King David and within it we read about the events of Israel while David was king. We read about many wars and how they secured the city of Jerusalem, which would become their capital. We read about David’s love for God and God’s love for him.

For the most part, David was a good king, but he did make some huge mistakes. He had sex with a married woman called Bathsheba and he ordered the death of Bathsheba’s husband.

We also read about how David’s own son, Absalom, fought against David and wanted to become king and we how time and time again how God saved David from all his enemies.

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FULL STUDY

In the Jewish canon of Scriptures the Books of 1 and 2 Samuel are one book, this makes sense as 2 Samuel is basically a continuation of 1 Samuel.

The historical events from 1 Samuel 31 to the end of 2 Samuel are parallel with 1 Chronicles 10-29. Complete Study Of The Book Of 2 Samuel


CHAPTER BY CHAPTER

When news concerning Saul and Johnathon’s death got back to David, David was deeply stressed over the report and mourned. An Amalekite, tells David that he killed Saul because Saul asked him too and then David orders that he be put to death. We also find David’s beautiful lament for Saul and Johnathon. 2 Samuel 1

Sometime after ordering the Amalekite to be put to death for killing Saul, David inquires of the Lord as to where to go, God tells him to go to Hebron, a town of Judah. It’s not long before a civil wars breaks out between the house of Saul and the house of David, a war which was going to last a very long time. 2 Samuel 2

This war which begun the pool of Gibeon, turned out to be a long war, the power struggle within the house of Israel had begun. This was the point where God was put on the back shelf as their King, and politics took over. This war is where Joab got his opportunity to vengefully kill Abner. 2 Samuel 3

When Ish-Bosheth got news about the death of Abner, he ‘lost courage’, that’s because he knew his time was up.

The sons of Rimmon, Baanah and Rekab murdered Mephibosheth and when David heard what they did, he them put to death. 2 Samuel 4

At Hebron David was anointed as king of Israel for the third time. He makes the decision to go from Hebron to Jerusalem and makes Jerusalem the capital city. The Philistines now see Israel as a threat and move in to to get rid of the threat, but David and his men totally wipe the floor with them. 2 Samuel 5

In the last chapter we saw all the men of Israel went to David and anointed him as king of Israel. This chapter begin by David gathering thirty thousand young able men to go and collect the Ark of God and take it to Jerusalem? Everyone rejoices when the Ark arrives in Jerusalem, except for Michal, David’s wife. 2 Samuel 6

Nathan receives word from God concerning David’s idea about building a temple and tells him to go and rebuke David for having such an idea. It was never a part of His plan. Nathan’s words are highly prophetic and speak about the coming Messiah, when God would set up establish His kingdom. 2 Samuel 7

If David wanted to remain king and further establish his kingship then he was going to have to defeat all of Israel’s enemies. David’s first threat was found in their old foes, the Philistines and his second was the Moabites. As a result of David’s conquests over all these armies, the nations around were becoming poorer whilst Israel was getting richer as a nation. 2 Samuel 8

After David had conquered the enemies of Israel and settled in as king over Israel, he appears to have learned that Mephibosheth, Johnathon’s son, is still alive. David remembered his covenant with Jonathan and looked for anyone who might be an heir of Jonathan through whom he could preserve Jonathan’s posterity. 2 Samuel 9

David’s intentions were honourable towards the Ammonites but the Ammonite commanders aren’t so sure, they think he’s spying out the land to take it over. As a result of this mistrust, and the way Hanun treated David’s messengers, a war broke out between the Ammonites, the Syrians and Israel. 2 Samuel 10

In this chapter we read about one of the one infamous events in the life of David, where he commits adultery with Bathsheba and orders the murder of her husband Uriah. From this chapter, right through to chapter 20, we begin to read about David’s dreadful reign as king of Israel and his punishment from God for his actions. 2 Samuel 11

In this chapter we read about how the prophet Nathan confronts David for his sinful concerning Bathsheba and her husband, Uriah.

We read about God’s condemnation of David’s actions and motives, whilst at the same time read about God’s love and mercy towards him. 2 Samuel 12

In the previous chapter we read about God’s judgment on David and his household because of his sin with Bathsheba and Uriah her husband. In this chapter we will see God’s judgment having an immediate happening. Because David had so many wives, he is now going to reap what he sowed, because he had children with different his other wives. 2 Samuel 13

In the previous chapter we read about Absalom ordering the murder of his brother Ammon, because he had raped his half-sister Tamar. In this chapter we read how Joab hires a woman to confront David with a parable about Absalom, in an effort to encourage David to bring Absalom back to Jerusalem. 2 Samuel 14

In the previous chapter we saw that David was happy to see his son Absalom again and whilst he kissed him, he was oblivious to what Absalom was planning to do. In this chapter, and the next five chapters, we see that David’s troubles and the trouble for his household are being lived out as Nathan the prophet told him earlier. 2 Samuel 15

In this chapter, and the next four chapters, we see that David’s troubles and the trouble for his household are continued to be lived out as Nathan the prophet told him earlier. Ziba was a steward of Mephibosheth and it appears he may have been plotting against Mephibosheth so he can find favour with David. 2 Samuel 16

In this chapter, and the next three chapters, we see that David’s troubles and the trouble for his household are continued to be lived out as Nathan the prophet told him earlier. After all the evil acts that Absalom done against his father, David, in this chapter we read the events building up to Absalom’s death. 2 Samuel 17

In this chapter, and the next two chapters, we see that David’s troubles and the trouble for his household are continued to be lived out as Nathan the prophet told him earlier. After all the evil acts that Absalom done over the years, in his rebellion against his father, David, in this chapter we read the Absalom’s death. 2 Samuel 18

After the hearing the devastating news about his son, Absalom’s death, David is struggling to come to terms with his death. Sadly in doing so, he was neglecting his men who should have been celebrating after winning the war against Absalom and his men, but were becoming discouraged. 2 Samuel 19

In this chapter, and the previous four chapters, we see that David’s troubles and the trouble for his household are continued to be lived out as Nathan the prophet told him earlier. Not long after the death Absalom, another rebellion begins to rise against David and his household. This rebellion is led by Sheba. 2 Samuel 20

At the end of the previous chapter, the writer of 2 Samuel closes the history of David’s reign. The remaining four chapters of 2 Samuel form a kind of appendix. We read about a series of events, seven of them, which took place whilst David was still reigning as king but they aren’t necessarily in chronological order. 2 Samuel 21

This song of praise recorded and written by David possibly written during David’s early days, when he was delivered from Saul, it also reflects all the victories he had over the Philistines. He uses many metaphors to describe God and how God delivered him from his many enemies. 2 Samuel 22

In this chapter we read David’s last words, which are closely related to Balaam’s last words relating to the future of Israel.

We find the Holy Spirit speaking through David and giving him the words to speak and write. 2 Samuel 23

In this final chapter we read that the Lord’s anger burned against Israel once again.

We know when God’s anger is let loose, then the consequences of those of the receiving end wasn’t going to end well. 2 Samuel 24

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"In the same way, let your light shine before men, that they may see your good deeds and praise your Father in heaven."

Matthew 5:16

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