Psalm 127


This psalm was written by Solomon and is a wisdom psalm which focuses on the joy which comes in our daily lives. The joy mentioned in this psalm is the joy which is the guarantee of a heritage through our children.


‘A song of ascents. Of Solomon.’

Although the headings aren’t inspired by God, they are important because they give us some understanding of the Psalm and they help us to see why it was written. The headings usually tell us four things.

1. Who wrote them, probably wrote them or possibly wrote them.

2. Information about the historical, background to the Psalm. Why it was written.

3. They tell us of the tune the Psalm was written to.

4. How it was used.

The heading tells us this is a song of ascents, written by Solomon. Psalms 120-134 all have the same heading.

Coffman, in his commentary says the following.

‘Several theories of why this group of psalms is so named are available. The Jewish explanation is that there were fifteen steps from the Court of the Women to the Court of the Men in the Temple, and that each of these psalms was sung in succession on those steps. Another view is that these songs were sung in successive phases of the Jews’ return from captivity. Apparently the true explanation is that these psalms were written for the pilgrims journeying to Jerusalem for the great annual feasts, Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles. ‘It seems most probable that these songs form a collection for the use of pilgrims who came up to Jerusalem at the great feasts.’

‘Unless the LORD builds the house, the builders labour in vain. Unless the LORD watches over the city, the guards stand watch in vain. In vain you rise early and stay up late, toiling for food to eat—for he grants sleep to those he loves. Children are a heritage from the LORD, offspring a reward from him. Like arrows in the hands of a warrior are children born in one’s youth. Blessed is the man whose quiver is full of them. They will not be put to shame when they contend with their opponents in court.’ Psalm 127:1-5

Solomon begins by reminding us unless the LORD builds, the builders labour is in vain, in other words, without the LORD and His blessings, any labour in building is a waste of time.

A strong house and guards who watch over the city are no use unless the LORD Himself watches over the city. These verses speak of security and so, without the LORD guarding the city, Israel would have no security.

Solomon says that if we rise early and stay up late to toil in labour to produce food to eat, it’s in vain, Proverbs 6:6-11. It’s in vain because God isn’t involved, it’s being self-reliant.

However, those who trust in God and not in themselves are blessed with sleep. In other words, they know that God is looking after them, Matthew 6:25-34, they know that God is watching over them so they can sleep easy, 2 Samuel 12:25.

Solomon recognises that children are a blessing from God, he recognises that children that are born to a young father are his strength when he is old.

Just as arrows are used in defence, the children will take care of their aged parents and assumed the responsibility of protecting them in their old age.

Children are a blessing from God, and there is a great blessing, Psalm 1:1, and happiness to found in having ‘a quiver full of them’, that is, having multiply children.

Those children won’t be put to shame, Job 6:20, when they contend with their opponents in court, the KJV refers to the ‘gate’. In other words, the children would be given a place of prominence within the community.

Since the elders assembled at the city gates to make decisions, Deuteronomy 21:19 / Ruth 4:1-11, so the children would stand for their parents against all who would falsely accuse them.


Solomon spoke about the blessings of having children, and to the Jews having no children was a sign of being cursed by God, after all, God did command Adam and Eve to be fruitful and multiply, Genesis 1:28.

Is a woman cursed by God because she can’t have or doesn’t have any children?

There are many people who believe so, however, when we take a moment to read the Scriptures we soon come to a different conclusion.

There are many examples of women in the Scriptures who were barren and couldn’t have children without God’s intervention, such as Sarah, Genesis 11:30, Rebecca, Genesis 25:21, Rachel, Genesis 29:31, Hannah, 1 Samuel 1:6, Samson’s mother, Judges 13:2, and Elizabeth, Luke 1:7. All these women were barren but later when on to conceive with God’s help.

We also know of other godly women mentioned in the Scriptures who were barren all their lives such as Michal, 2 Samuel 6:23. There are no Scriptures to suggest that women like Dinah, Miriam and Deborah, had children, which may suggest that they too may have been barren.

These women may have been barren all their lives and had no children but that didn’t mean they were cursed, Isaiah 56:3-5. God used each of them and blessed each of them despite having no children, Luke 23:29.

Go To Psalm 128


"For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the LORD, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future."