Psalm 128


This psalm is similar to the previous psalm, Psalm 127, some suggest it’s following on from the previous plasm because it speaks of the blessings which come from fearing the LORD and one of those blessings is having children, who then go on to have children of their own.


‘A song of ascents.’

Although the headings aren’t inspired by God, they are important because they give us some understanding of the Psalm and they help us to see why it was written. The headings usually tell us four things.

1. Who wrote them, probably wrote them or possibly wrote them.

2. Information about the historical background to the Psalm. Why it was written.

3. They tell us of the tune the Psalm was written to.

4. How it was used.

The heading tells us this is a song of ascents. Psalms 120-134 all have the same heading.

Coffman, in his commentary, says the following.

‘Several theories of why this group of psalms is so named are available. The Jewish explanation is that there were fifteen steps from the Court of the Women to the Court of the Men in the Temple, and that each of these psalms was sung in succession on those steps. Another view is that these songs were sung in successive phases of the Jews’ return from captivity. Apparently the true explanation is that these psalms were written for the pilgrims journeying to Jerusalem for the great annual feasts, Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles. ‘It seems most probable that these songs form a collection for the use of pilgrims who came up to Jerusalem at the great feasts.’

‘Blessed are all who fear the LORD, who walk in obedience to him. You will eat the fruit of your labour; blessings and prosperity will be yours. Your wife will be like a fruitful vine within your house; your children will be like olive shoots around your table. Yes, this will be the blessing for the man who fears the LORD. May the LORD bless you from Zion; may you see the prosperity of Jerusalem all the days of your life. May you live to see your children’s children—peace be on Israel.’ Psalm 128:1-6

The psalmist begins by reminding us that those who fear the LORD will be blessed by Him. Those who totally respect God will be blessed by Him because they are obedient to Him, Psalm 111:10 / Job 28:28 / Proverbs 1:7 / Proverbs 9:10 / Ecclesiastes 12:13.

One of the blessings of being obedient to God is seen in the success of a person’s farming efforts, Genesis 3:17-19, they will be blessed with much fruit and prosperity for their hard labour efforts, Isaiah 3:10.

Another blessing from being obedient to God is seen in that their wives will be like a fruitful vine, Song of Solomon 7:8-13 / Judges 9:13, in other words, they will have many children, Genesis 15:5 / Genesis 22:17 / Genesis 32:12. Their children will be like olive shoots around their table, that is, the children will be a rich blessing to their parents.

The psalmist reminds us that these are the blessings which come from fearing and being obedient to the LORD. They ask the LORD to bless His people out of Zion, and they ask that God’s people see prosperity in Jerusalem all the days of their lives.

In other words, the psalmist recognises that God will be good to His people if they continue to fear Him and be obedient to Him.

Another blessing from fearing the LORD and being obedient to Him is seen in how the psalmist asks that the parents live long enough to enjoy the blessings which come from having grandchildren.

The final blessing which comes from fearing and being obedient to God is peace, this isn’t only peace for the induvial but peace within the whole nation, Psalm 125:5.

Go To Psalm 129


"Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need."