The Book Of 1 Samuel


The most glorious part of the history of Israel was the United Kingdom, so called to distinguish it from the Divided Kingdom which followed, it lasted from about 1095 to 975 B. C. and included the reigns of three great kings, Saul, David, and Solomon. The story of this period is related in the two books of Samuel.



Although not stated, it’s generally accepted by Jewish tradition that Samuel is the author of 1 Samuel, however, since we read about his death, it’s widely accepted that someone else wrote the account of his death. Jewish tradition also indicates that Samuel was author of 1 Samuel 1-24, and the prophets Gad and Nathan wrote 1 Samuel 25-31, all of 2 Samuel, 1 Chronicles 29:29-30. Complete Study Of the Book Of 1 Samuel


In answer to Hannah’s prayer, that is Samuel’s mother’s, Samuel was born in a place called, Ramathaim and his father’s name is Elkanah. He descendent from the tribe of Levi which meant he was dedicated to work in the temple from a very young age. He was a prophet of God, but was unique as he was the only person who served as a judge, prophet and priest at the same time for the nation of Israel. 1 Samuel 1

We can’t help but hear the heartfelt thanks Hannah gives to God in her prayer.

We also notice that her prayer was very humble, as she asks God to help her not to become arrogant towards Elkanah’s other wife, Peninnah. 1 Samuel 2

The Lord called Samuel twice but he thought it was Eli calling him, on the third call Eli understood it was actually the Lord calling Samuel.

Eli tells Samuel to lie die again and speak to the Lord directly when He calls again. 1 Samuel 3

It’s a sad fact that the Ark of the Covenant became somewhat of a lucky charm for Israel over the years. They were defeated by the Philistines and thought getting the Ark was the answer. They thought that God’s presence was symbolised by the ark, they thought God was confined to a box. 1 Samuel 4

In the last chapter we saw that the Philistines had defeated the Israelites twice and they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

The next two chapter focus on the events and problems which the Philistines had because they had the Ark of the Covenant in their presence. 1 Samuel 5

Every religion in the world, even those pagan religions have their ‘go to’ people. The Philistines were no exception, their ‘go to’ people were the priest and the diviners who served and worshipped Dagon who was an idol of the Philistines. They decide to send the Ark of the Covenant back to the Israelites. 1 Samuel 6

As we saw in the last chapter when the Philistines returned the ark, the men of Beth Shemesh couldn’t bear the presence of the ark and so the men of Kirjath Jearim came and took it. They placed the ark in Abinadab’s house, and consecrated Eleazar his son, to guard it. 1 Samuel 7

Samuel who is now getting older entrusted the work of God into the hands of his sons Joel and Abijah. Sadly, just like Eli’s sons, they too became corrupt, they were greedy and took advantage of the offering the people brought to them.

As a result, Israel demands a physical king. 1 Samuel 8

The tribe of Benjamin from which Saul came from were very strong on leadership and very influential among the twelve tribes. Saul is described as being ‘a man of standing’, but the main problem with Saul, is that he was more concerned about pleasing men and getting approval from men, rather than God. 1 Samuel 9

It was never a part of God’s plan for Israel to have a physical king, but He allowed them to have one.

When the people saw that Saul was anointed by God, they knew they had to obey their new king, if they disobey their new king, they are disobeying God Himself. 1 Samuel 10

In the previous chapter we Samuel anointing Saul and most of the people agreeing that God made Saul king and leader of Israel.

As we begin this chapter, we find that Saul’s kingship was going to be put to the test very quickly as Nahash the Ammonite, besieged Jabesh Gilead. 1 Samuel 11

In the previous chapter we saw that Saul was renewed in his kingship after his victory over the Ammonites. This chapter is a continuation of this event and as Saul is being confirmed as king of Israel, Samuel uses this occasion to give a farewell speech to the people like Moses and Joshua did. 1 Samuel 12

Saul waited seven days for Samuel to come and offer a sacrifice to the Lord, but Samuel didn’t come. Saul felt compelled to offer a burnt offering and so, he decided to take matters into his own hands and offered a sacrifice. When Samuel finally arrives, he wasn’t happy and Saul gave some excuses for his actions. 1 Samuel 13

It appears that since Saul’s army was down to around 600 men, Jonathan took the initiative to go out by himself.

As he didn’t tell his father, he goes secretly basically to teach these uncircumcised Philistines a lesson. 1 Samuel 14

Samuel’s words to Saul are a sharp reminder that God is the One who anointed him as king. God asks Saul to punish the Amalekites on God’s behalf, because of that they did to Israel in the past, but sadly, Saul refused to totally obey God’s commands. Saul’s disobedient is going to cost him his kingship. 1 Samuel 15

In the previous chapter we saw that God rejected Saul as king of Israel. In this chapter we find God’s appointing of David to be Israel’s new king and ruler. Following on from this chapter we begin to see the great tension which arose between Saul and David, which was motivated by Saul’s rejection. 1 Samuel 16

It was common practice for the Philistines to get their best fighter to intimidate and challenge an opposing army for a fight.

Goliath was the Philistine’s champion who stood at over nine feet tall. This is possibly one of the most popular events recorded in the Bible. 1 Samuel 17

David has just finished defeating Goliath and was summoned to Saul who didn’t recognise him. In this chapter we find the beginning of a beautiful friendship between Saul’s son, Johnathon and David the future king of Israel. This friendship was going to be tested on several occasions but would last for many years to come. 1 Samuel 18

As we saw in the previous chapter, Saul tried to kill David on several occasions and will go to any lengths to do so. It appears in this chapter that there’s only one thing on Saul mind right now, and that’s to kill David. I’m pretty sure that David is fully aware of what Saul is trying to do but now it becomes public knowledge. 1 Samuel 19

As the relationship between Johnathon and his father, Saul, was getting weaker, the relationship between Johnathon and David was getting stronger. In this chapter we begin to see the friendship and loyalty between Johnathon and David and it appears that Johnathon is even willing to defy his own father for the sake of his friendship with David. 1 Samuel 20

After saying his heart-breaking goodbyes to Johnathon, David goes to a place called Nob. Later he meets Ahimelek the priest and asks for some bread which he readily gives him.

This is the story which Jesus will refer to in the New Testament. 1 Samuel 21

After David’s encounter with Achish, the king of Gath, he left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. It wasn’t long before those who were in need came to join him.

We also read about Saul’s mental decline as he orders God’s priests to be murdered. 1 Samuel 22

After hearing reports about the Philistines fighting against Keilah, David inquires of the Lord if he should attack them, but in response his men objected.

David inquires of the Lord again and after do so, his men are now convinced that this is God’s will. 1 Samuel 23

After chasing off the Philistines, Saul picked up where he left off in pursuit of David.

David’s men, who were at the back of the cave with David, who came to the conclusion that it was God who provided a way to kill Saul, but David himself didn’t believe that. 1 Samuel 24

The chapter begins by informing us about the death of Samuel the prophet and judge, and it’s clear that a lot of people loved him because all of Israel gathered and mourned for him.

We’re also introduced to a fool named Nabal and his wife Abigail. 1 Samuel 25

When Saul was informed about David’s location, he once again went all to find him and kill him. He appears to have forgotten that David spared his life earlier.

David knew that the Lord Himself would strike Saul, he knew that when God judged His anointed. 1 Samuel 26

In this chapter we see the wisdom of David as he deliberately goes into the land of the Philistines, he knew that Saul wouldn’t go here in case a war broke out. David knew he would be safe in this land. David’s plan to go the land of the Philistines worked, as Saul called off his search for him. 1 Samuel 27

One of the most fascinating events in the Scriptures is when Saul goes to visit a witch who lives in Endor to ask if she could speak to Samuel who is now dead. This text for many people brings up all sorts of questions and as a result many have come up with all kind of strange interpretations. 1 Samuel 28

David’s faith is God is very evident in this chapter as he continually refused to be tempted to join Achish and fight against the Israelites. David’s reputation was so great not only among his own people but these other Philistine leaders appear to recognise David and even quote the song which the Israelites sung concerning David. 1 Samuel 29

After the events with Achish, in the previous chapter, we read here that the Amalekites had raided the Negev and Ziklag. This problem should never had happened if Saul had done what he was supposed to do. The Amalekites took advantage of the chance to capture Ziklag whilst David and his men were away. 1 Samuel 30

The Philistines fight against Israel was a bloody mess, many of the Israelites fled and many died. It was during this series of battles that David’s dear friend Jonathan was killed by the Philistines. It’s clear this was all a part of God’s plan, now it was time to end the rulership and kingship of Saul and his son Johnathon. 1 Samuel 31


"I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life."

John 5:24