Scriptures

1 Samuel 19

Introduction

As we saw in the previous chapter, Saul tried to kill David on several occasions and will go to any lengths to do so. It appears in this chapter that there’s only one thing on Saul mind right now, and that’s to kill David. I’m pretty sure that David is fully aware of what Saul is trying to do but now it becomes public knowledge.

Saul Tries To Kill David

‘Saul told his son Jonathan and all the attendants to kill David. But Jonathan had taken a great liking to David and warned him, ‘My father Saul is looking for a chance to kill you. Be on your guard tomorrow morning; go into hiding and stay there. I will go out and stand with my father in the field where you are. I’ll speak to him about you and will tell you what I find out.’ Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father and said to him, ‘Let not the king do wrong to his servant David; he has not wronged you, and what he has done has benefited you greatly. He took his life in his hands when he killed the Philistine. The LORD won a great victory for all Israel, and you saw it and were glad. Why then would you do wrong to an innocent man like David by killing him for no reason?’ Saul listened to Jonathan and took this oath: ‘As surely as the LORD lives, David will not be put to death.’ So Jonathan called David and told him the whole conversation. He brought him to Saul, and David was with Saul as before.’ 1 Samuel 19:1-7

As the relationship between Jonathan and David grew stronger, the relationship between Johnathon and his father, Saul, was becoming more stressful because of his father’s plans to get rid of David once and for all.

On this occasion, Johnathon managed to speak some common sense to his father, which appears to calm Saul down for the moment. David was in Saul’s presence again, but as we know this calmness won’t last long and the plot to kill David will continue.

‘Once more war broke out, and David went out and fought the Philistines. He struck them with such force that they fled before him. But an evil spirit from the LORD came on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand. While David was playing the lyre, Saul tried to pin him to the wall with his spear, but David eluded him as Saul drove the spear into the wall. That night David made good his escape.’ 1 Samuel 19:8-10

It appears when David is in Saul’s company, Saul seems to be well for a short time but as soon as David goes to war and wins, his jealously and hatred of David returns. The more David is successful, the more Saul wants him dead, it appears to be a popularity contest for Saul.

Saul, again, was driven by an evil spirit to kill David, 1 Samuel 16:15 / 1 Samuel 18:10. We must understand that God didn’t send an evil spirit to Saul, but He allowed an evil spirit to enter him, this was the spirit of resentment and jealousy, which comes from the devil.

After another failed attempt to kill David, David escapes and this would the changing pint in David’s life. He now knows that whenever he’s in Saul’s presence, Saul will try to kill him and from this point on, he would remain a fugitive from Saul until Saul and his son, Johnathon died when they later fought the Philistines, 1 Samuel 31:1-6.

‘Saul sent men to David’s house to watch it and to kill him in the morning. But Michal, David’s wife, warned him, ‘If you don’t run for your life tonight, tomorrow you’ll be killed.’ So Michal let David down through a window, and he fled and escaped. Then Michal took an idol and laid it on the bed, covering it with a garment and putting some goats’ hair at the head. When Saul sent the men to capture David, Michal said, ‘He is ill.’ Then Saul sent the men back to see David and told them, ‘Bring him up to me in his bed so that I may kill him.’ But when the men entered, there was the idol in the bed, and at the head was some goats’ hair. Saul said to Michal, ‘Why did you deceive me like this and send my enemy away so that he escaped?’ Michal told him, ‘He said to me, ‘Let me get away. Why should I kill you?’ 1 Samuel 19:11-17

Saul continues to kill to try and kill David but Saul’s daughter Michal heard what her father was up to and urged David to flee for his life. Because he fled down through a window, this suggests that David and Michal’s house was in the city walls, Joshua 2:15 / Acts 9:25.

The idol which Michal had was probably a household idol that some Israelites kept in their houses, Exodus 20:4-6. Notice that Michal lied to her father, Joshua 2:4-7, she obviously did this to protect David.

‘When David had fled and made his escape, he went to Samuel at Ramah and told him all that Saul had done to him. Then he and Samuel went to Naioth and stayed there. Word came to Saul: ‘David is in Naioth at Ramah’; so he sent men to capture him. But when they saw a group of prophets prophesying, with Samuel standing there as their leader, the Spirit of God came on Saul’s men, and they also prophesied. Saul was told about it, and he sent more men, and they prophesied too. Saul sent men a third time, and they also prophesied. Finally, he himself left for Ramah and went to the great cistern at Seku. And he asked, ‘Where are Samuel and David?’ ‘Over in Naioth at Ramah,’ they said. So Saul went to Naioth at Ramah. But the Spirit of God came even on him, and he walked along prophesying until he came to Naioth. He stripped off his garments, and he too prophesied in Samuel’s presence. He lay naked all that day and all that night. This is why people say, ‘Is Saul also among the prophets?’ 1 Samuel 19:18-24

After fleeing from Saul, David met up with Samuel and explained what was going on. Saul continued to try and find David in order to have him killed but when his men met a group of prophets, everything begun to change.

The text says that not only were the three different companies of messengers stopped by this outburst of prophesying but, even Saul himself couldn’t stop himself from prophesying, 1 Samuel 18:10-12. In other words, they were stopped in their tracks by God, John 18:6.

The reason for the prophesying was to prove, once again, that God was with David and to demonstrate that God was protecting David from Saul’s murderous plans. Saul was so focused on killing David, he totally forgot about his own relationship with God.

When the people were asking, ‘is Saul also among the prophets?’ they were mocking him because they knew that Saul, as powerful as he was, became completely powerless because of the intervention of God. He was made to prophesy against his will, 1 Samuel 10:1-13.

Go To 1 Samuel 20

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."

Genesis 1:1

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