The Book Of 1 Kings


In the first eleven chapters of 1 Kings, we find that Solomon becomes the king of Israel, after David dies. Before dying David tells him to walk in God’s ways and so Solomon asks for wisdom from God, which he receives. Solomon then begins a huge building project, which includes the building of the temple, which David requested.

In the next eleven chapter of 1 Kings, we begin to read about the end of the united kingdom of Israel. The nation as a whole find themselves in a situation where they have some decisions to make, sadly they choose the wrong ones. In 931 B.C., the united kingdom splits in two separate kingdoms, one to the north and one to the south, this was the beginning of the divided kingdom period.



The two books of Kings formed originally one book in the Hebrew Scriptures. The present division into two books was first made by the LXX., which now, with the Vulgate, numbers them as the third and fourth books of Kings, the two books of Samuel being the first and second books of Kings. Complete Study Of The Book Of 1 Kings


David is now very old and although he is physically weak, he is still very much mentally alert. When news gets to him about Adonijah assuming role as king of Israel, david quickly deals with the problem by having his son, Solomon anointed as the next king of Israel. 1 Kings 1

In this chapter we read about the death of David.

However, before he dies, he charges Solomon to live in obedience to God’s will and he asks Solomon to carry out the judgments which David failed to carry out on certain individuals, whilst he was king. 1 Kings 2

In this chapter we find God asking Solomon to ask for whatever he wants and so, Solomon asks for wisdom to lead God’s people, but God gives him even more.

We also see how Solomon quickly puts that wisdom into action when dealing with two women and a child. 1 Kings 3

Solomon’s wisdom has now become famous through most of the world and now that he is ruling as king over Israel, he sets up officials and governors to help him run the nation of Israel. Sadly, he also puts a great tax burden upon the people which will eventually lead to the nation dividing into two kingdoms. 1 Kings 4

Hiram, king of Tyre sent envoys to Solomon because he heard Solomon had become king. Solomon then sends a message back to him, informing him of his intentions to build a temple.

An alliance is made between the two nations and all the preparation work begins. 1 Kings 5

The building of the great temple is now underway, under Solomon’s oversight. He uses talented labourers to do the job which would have taken around seven years to complete. In between the work, the Lord comes to Solomon and gives him some terms and conditions, not relating to the temple but relating to his obedience to the Lord. 1 Kings 6

Solomon begins to build his own palace, which took thirteen years to complete, that was nearly twice as much time it took to build the temple. Solomon hires a man named Huram who has a reputation of being a very skilled metal worker. Solomon hired him to carry out the duties in making the furnishings for the temple. 1 Kings 7

Solomon requests that the ark of the covenant be brought from the tabernacle which was located in the city of David and placed inside the temple, when the temple was finished being built.

There’s a lot of animal sacrificing happening as Solomon prays and dedicates the temple. 1 Kings 8

After completing the building work of the temple and his royal palace, Solomon had achieved all he had desired to do. Although it was never God’s desire to have a temple built, God accepts it and so the temple was consecrated with the presence of God. God appears to Solomon and gives him some terms and conditions. 1 Kings 9

Solomon’s fame is now beginning to spread, not only his fame but his relationship with the Lord. His fame reached the ears of the Queen of Sheba, and she wanted to visit Solomon and hear him for herself if what he heard was true. Solomon’s taxation brought him even more gold, and wealth. 1 Kings 10

In this chapter we read about Solomon and his many wives, and as a result of marrying foreign women, this led him into idolatry. We read how God sends people against Solomon in order to punish him for his idolatrous behaviour. We read about his death and how the United Kingdom, became the Divided Kingdom. 1 Kings 11

The death of Solomon ended the greatest period in the history of Israel, the United Kingdom. This was followed by the Divided Kingdom which lasted 388 years. At Solomon’s death, his son Rehoboam ascended the throne. His subjects had long chafed under the heavy taxation of Solomon. Led by Jeroboam, a general of Solomon’s, they asked Rehoboam to lighten their load. 1 Kings 12

After Israel divided into two kingdoms, the northern kingdom and the southern kingdom, a man of God speaks to Jeroboam. After some miraculous events at the altar, the man of God leaves but is met by an old prophet from Bethel. Sadly, the man of God listens to this old prophet and it cost him his life.  1 Kings 13

When Jeroboam’s son, Abijah became ill, he told his wife to go to and see the prophet Ahijah. Unfortunately for him, his deceitful plans were made known to the prophet by God and as a result, the prophets gives her nothing but bad news, concerning Jeroboam, his son and his household. War between Jeroboam and Rehoboam was now common place and when Rehoboam dies, Abijah now becomes king of Judah. 1 Kings 14

The religious and political diversity between the northern and southern kings is become more relentless. Every time there’s a new king in place in both kingdoms war begins and continues as long as those kings reign. Idolatry continues on both side and alliances are made with foreign kings. 1 Kings 15

God now appears to be a distant memory for Israel, as things just go from bad to worse. One king comes and another king goes but each of them lead Israel into more idolatry.

These are dark times for Israel and it doesn’t look like its going to get any better. 1 Kings 16

It’s not surprising with the current spiritual condition of Israel that one of God’s prophets appears on the scene. In this chapter we read about Elijah being miraculously fed by ravens and God miraculously feeding a widow and her son. We also read how Elijah, miraculously raised her son from the dead. 1 Kings 17

After being miraculously fed by the ravens, and miraculously feeding the widow from Zarephath and her son and after miraculously raising her son back to life, the Lord speaks to Elijah and tells him to go to Ahab. It’s now time to deal with Israel’s idolatry and the false prophets of Baal. 1 Kings 18

When Ahab finally met up with Jezebel and told her everything Elijah had done, Jezebel is now determined that she wants to kill Elijah.

Elijah wants God to kill him but God has bigger plans in mind. He wants him to go and anoint three people. 1 Kings 19

As we enter these last three chapters, we read about the last few years of Ahab’s reign, we also read about war after war between Israel, Judah and Syria. Whilst these three nations are fighting each other, in the background there is another nation rising, the Assyrians. Although Israel was guilty of idolatry, God didn’t give up on them, He continues to fight their battles. 1 Kings 20

In this chapter we begin to see what kind of king, Ahab is really like. We see a selfish, ambitious king who will go to any length to get his own way. We also read about his selfish, ambitious wife, Jezebel, who appears to dominate everything in Ahab’s life. What he wants, he gets, what she wants she gets! 1 Kings 21

Israel made an alliance with Syria which lasted for three years, but at the end of those three years, Ahab made an alliance with Jehoshaphat and Judah, so that he could secure himself from the threat of Syria and Assyria in the north. This was a big mistake. 1 Kings 22


"But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed."

Isaiah 53:5