The Book Of Romans

Welcome To The Study Of The Letter To The Romans

When Paul wrote this letter to the Romans, the church in Rome, that congregation must have already been in existence for a few years because Paul tells us that his desire to go to Rome was with whim for many years. To Him this church was strong enough to help him carry out further missionary campaigns. Remember, not only, ‘do all roads leads to Rome, but all roads lead out of Rome’.

Paul doesn’t address this church as recent converts to Christianity but he does address them as being a well organised and well-grounded congregation who are ‘filled with all knowledge and able to encourage one another’. Although he does have to explain what real ‘righteousness’ is all about throughout this letter. This was one of those unique, cosmopolitan churches which was world famous. As someone once said, ‘if you don’t get Romans, Romans will get you.’

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There are several reasons which we may assign for the writing the letter.

Notice that unlike other letters, such as the Corinthian letters or the letter to the Galatians, it was not written to correct doctrinal error, or improper behaviour. Complete Study Of The Book Of Romans

Chapter By Chapter

The one receiving the letter did not need to the end of it to find the identity of the writer, because it was there, at the beginning, because the writer identified himself immediately. After naming himself, if the writer was not known to the people to whom he was writing, he might lay out his credentials, his references. Romans 1

The Gospel is God’s power to save from sin and every soul stands in need of that power. Paul begins this section to the Jews by reminding them that they have no right to judge the Gentiles when they are so bad themselves. They had nothing to plead in their defence when they practiced the same evils. Romans 2

The Jews had enjoyed the advantage of being spoken to by God! This refers to the Law. Exodus 20:1 tells us that “God spoke all these words”.

And what follows is the giving of the Law at Sinai. No other nation was privileged in this way. He did not present His Law to anyone else. Romans 3

Father was an Amorite which refers to Abraham and mother was a Hittite refers to Sarah. Abraham wasn’t a Jew, he was an Amorite. Paul wants to prove what righteousness means. God’s righteousness is higher and never changes. The righteousness of God means God is the standard of righteousness. Romans 4

As we enter Romans 5 we are going to see that Paul is going to explain the blessings of justification. ‘Through faith’ always involves an active, living faith, and never a death faith. ‘Faith’ is put for the whole plan because is it the foundation regarding man’s part in his salvation or justification. Romans 5

When we became Christians we died to the old life, the life of sin. The old man, with his sinful nature, is dead and we are dead to sin.

Physical death means the separation of life from the body. Spiritual death means the separation of the soul from God. Romans 6

Paul presents to the Roman church an exposition of Law such as they most certainly had never heard before. He has already dismissed the notion that salvation could be attained by keeping the Mosaic Law, or by Meritorious Works. He now proceeds to teach them something about Law which they have failed to understand. Romans 7

The law of the Spirit of Life. The Holy Spirit prescribes conduct. Tells us how we ought to live. When we follow the course of conduct laid down by the Holy Spirit, we are freed from the old bondage to sin, with the inevitable consequence which that bondage would otherwise bring. Romans 8

Chapters 9-11 form a separate section of this letter. If we removed it from the letter what remained would show no sign of having had anything taken out. You may convince yourself of this by looking, first, at the last two verses of Romans 8 and then at the opening verse of Romans 12. Romans 9

In Romans 10 the apostle, once again, expresses his deep grief about the state of Israel, because of what he has just had to say about their failure.

The expression, ‘my heart’s desire for them’, means, literally, ‘the goodwill of my heart’. Romans 10

God has rejected Israel for their disobedience to Christ. He cast them out, but left an open door behind them, and into it they had the liberty and duty to return.

Paul is arguing that God has not rejected all Israelites, otherwise, Paul himself would also be lost. Romans 11

As an apostle of Christ, Paul might very well have exercised apostolic authority and issued a command. He Says, ‘I beseech you by the mercies of God’. It is true that there are other matters about which it would be both right and proper to issue commands; and there are times when commands would be effective. Romans 12

We have the right to vote today but they didn’t have this right in Paul’s day. Paul doesn’t talk about what happens if you have a bad government. The point is that God has determined that we should be governed and to a degree this is an endorsement for capital punishment. Romans 13

This chapter deals with matters of personal conviction which are indifferent, that is, matters which are neither right or wrong within themselves.

This chapter has been used to try to justify everything from adulterous marriages to instrumental music in worship. Romans 14

This is a continuation of from Romans 14. God is described as patience and encouraging. He is also described as the God of hope. And also the God of peace.

The Holy Spirit is described as powerful. He sanctifies. Also He loves. This show his personality. Romans 15

With the Jews, women weren’t highly regarded by the men although they thought they were useful.

Men weren’t allowed to speak to them on the street. You needed a dowry to marry the woman. You could marry your cousin but this needed approval from the woman’s father. Romans 16


"For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord."

Romans 6:23