Psalm 149


In Psalms 146-150, the focus is purely on the praising of God. There are no requests and there are no cries of distress, they are all simply psalms of praise, where the psalmists praise God for who He is and what He’s done.

In this psalm, the psalmist simply praises God because He will judge those who have mistreated His people.

‘Praise the LORD. Sing to the LORD a new song, his praise in the assembly of his faithful people. Let Israel rejoice in their Maker; let the people of Zion be glad in their King. Let them praise his name with dancing and make music to him with timbrel and harp. For the LORD takes delight in his people; he crowns the humble with victory.’ Psalm 149:1-4

The psalmist begins by declaring the great hallelujah, that is, praise the LORD. They encourage all of the assembly of His faithful people to sing a new song, Isaiah 42:10 / Revelation 5:9 / Revelation 14:3.

They encourage all of Israel to rejoice in their Maker, and the people of Zion, that is, Jerusalem to be glad in their King. This is because God created the nation of Israel, and so, Israel should worship her Maker, and King, Isaiah 54:5.

The praising of God also included dancing, Jeremiah 31:13 / Lamentations 5:15, and making music with the timbrel and harp, Amos 5:23 / Ephesians 5:19 / Colossians 3:16.

The reason for praising God is simply because the LORD takes delight in His people and crowns the humble with victory, James 4:6 / 1 Peter 5:5 / Isaiah 60:7.

‘Let his faithful people rejoice in this honour and sing for joy on their beds. May the praise of God be in their mouths and a double-edged sword in their hands, to inflict vengeance on the nations and punishment on the peoples, to bind their kings with fetters, their nobles with shackles of iron, to carry out the sentence written against them—this is the glory of all his faithful people. Praise the LORD.’ Psalm 149:5-9

We can almost imagine the joy in the hearts of God’s faithful people, they’re so full of joy, that they even sing songs of joy in their bed at night, Job 35:10 / Acts 16:25.

When the praises of God are in their mouths, this would indicate that they were ready and totally reliant upon God for victory over their enemies, 2 Chronicles 20:20-21.

When the praises of God are in their mouths, this would indicate that they are equipped with God’s word, that is, they totally relied upon God and His word, Ephesians 6:17 / Hebrews 4:12 / Revelation 19:15.

In other words, when they are spiritually equipped, they would have confidence that God would fight their enemies for them and grant them the victory over their enemies, Nehemiah 4:9 / Nehemiah 4:16-23.

When His people are spiritually prepared, they would be fully equipped to inflict vengeance, that is, judgment upon the nations and punishment on the people, Deuteronomy 7:1-2 / Deuteronomy 32:41-43. Even kings and nobles won’t be able to escape the judgment of God, Ephesians 6:12-18 / 2 Corinthians 10:5.

This judgment will be the glory of all of God’s faithful people, Acts 17:31 / 1 Corinthians 6:2. The psalmist ends their psalm in the same manner they began, with the great hallelujah, praise the LORD.


The psalmist encourages God’s faithful people to praise the LORD because He will judge their enemies.

Judgement, especially Judgment Day isn’t a popular topic today for various reasons. Some don’t want to hear about the prospect of heaven or hell, and for others, it’s a day to which they’re not looking forward too.

God’s Day of Judgment is ‘unique’ because there has never been, nor will there ever be again, an event like it. That Day will be convened, not to decide the eternal destinies of those who appear before Him, because that decision is made by every individual during earthly life.

There is a well-known saying which is very appropriate in dealing with Judgment Day which states that, ‘justice must not only be done; it must be seen to be done’.

When ‘the books’ are opened before God, Revelation 20:12-15, it will not be because He needs to be reminded of what we’ve done in our lives, or because He needs to weigh up the evidence, for or against us.

It will be in order that every individual may know and understand clearly, why God’s verdict is just, and why the sentence is deserved. No one who is banished eternally from God’s presence will be left in any doubt as to the reason.

No one will be able to say, ‘I don’t deserve this!’, or ‘I don’t understand why I am being treated in this way!’ Justice will truly be ‘seen’ to be done.

Go To Psalm 150