Psalm 125


In this psalm, we find the psalmist speaking about the security they find in Jerusalem, Mount Zion. Jerusalem, especially the temple, represented the presence of God among His people.


‘A song of ascents.’

Although the headings aren’t inspired by God, they are important because they give us some understanding of the Psalm and they help us to see why it was written. The headings usually tell us four things.

1. Who wrote them, probably wrote them or possibly wrote them.

2. Information about the historical background to the Psalm. Why it was written.

3. They tell us of the tune the Psalm was written to.

4. How it was used.

The heading tells us this is a song of ascents. Psalms 120-134 all have the same heading.

Coffman, in his commentary, says the following.

‘Several theories of why this group of psalms is so named are available. The Jewish explanation is that there were fifteen steps from the Court of the Women to the Court of the Men in the Temple, and that each of these psalms was sung in succession on those steps. Another view is that these songs were sung in successive phases of the Jews’ return from captivity. Apparently the true explanation is that these psalms were written for the pilgrims journeying to Jerusalem for the great annual feasts, Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles. ‘It seems most probable that these songs form a collection for the use of pilgrims who came up to Jerusalem at the great feasts.’

‘Those who trust in the LORD are like Mount Zion, which cannot be shaken but endures forever. As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people both now and forevermore. The sceptre of the wicked will not remain over the land allotted to the righteous, for then the righteous might use their hands to do evil. LORD, do good to those who are good, to those who are upright in heart. But those who turn to crooked ways the LORD will banish with the evildoers. Peace be on Israel.’ Psalm 125:1-5

The psalmist begins by reminding the people that those who trust in LORD are like Mount Zion, which can’t be shaken and endures forever. In other words, those who trust in the LORD will have God Himself as their refuge and strength.

There’s no doubt that those who were walking to Jerusalem, would have been impressed as they approached Mount Zion, the hill on which Jerusalem was built, 2 Samuel 5:6-9, there’s no doubt they would have had a sense of security.

Jerusalem was a symbol of stability and the people found strength in its presence as the capital city of Israel, Psalm 48:1-14 / Matthew 2:1.

Just as the mountains surround Jerusalem, the LORD surrounds His people, they too have total protection and security from God. This promise of God’s presence, God’s protection and security were to last both now and forever, this is exactly what Jesus offers and promises us today, Matthew 28:20.

The sceptre of the wicked won’t remain over the land allotted to the righteous, that is, the strength and evil influences of the wicked wouldn’t be permitted to spread in the land, just in case the righteous got involved in their evil.

In other words, because the Lord was the security of Israel, the wicked wouldn’t be able to take possession of that which was given to the people.

The psalmist asks the LORD to do good to those who are good and those who possess an upright heart. They ask God to work on behalf of those who trust Him and have committed themselves to Him.

When it comes to doing good, we think of God sending His Son, Jesus, He spent His whole life doing good and lovingly sacrificed Himself for each of us, Romans 5:6-8.

While the good and the upright are blessed with God’s security, those who are crooked in their ways have only the judgment of God to look forward to, Judges 5:6 / Ezekiel 33:12-13 / Matthew 7:22-23 / Matthew 25:11-12.

The psalmist ends by saying, ‘peace be on Israel’, which basically means they want Israel to enjoy the blessings of trusting in God, one of which is peace, Galatians 6:16 / Isaiah 54:13 / Isaiah 55:12 / Isaiah 57:2 / Isaiah 66:12 / John 14:27 / John 16:33 / Ephesians 2:17 / Philippians 4:7.


The psalmist spoke of the safety and refuge that those who trusted in God enjoyed because God Himself was their safety and security. When Christians put their faith and trust in God, they too, like the mountains, become strong, secure and stable.

If we want to have a strong faith in the LORD, we must build our faith upon the solid ground of Christ’s teaching, otherwise, our faith will crash when difficulties come our way, Matthew 7:26.

If we want to have a strong faith in the LORD, we must remove all doubts from our minds that God can do what He says He can do, otherwise, we end up being blown and tossed around by the seas of doubt, Isaiah 57:20 / James 1:6.

If we want to have a strong faith in the LORD, we must become spiritually mature, we must grow in our faith and knowledge of Jesus, otherwise, we will end up being tossed back and forth by every wind of false teaching which comes our way, Ephesians 4:14.

Go To Psalm 126


"Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will."