Scriptures

Psalm 105

Introduction

This psalm is historical in nature, Psalm 78 / Psalm 107 / Psalm 114 / Psalm 136, in which the psalmist contrasts the failure of the people to live in accordance with God’s will and those who trust and put their faith in God to preserve them.

Many commentators believe that this psalm and the next, Psalm 106, belong together. This psalm speaks of God’s faithfulness and power, while Psalm 106 speaks about the repeated failure and rebellion on the part of His people.

Although we aren’t told the author, many commentators believe it was David who wrote this psalm because the first nine verses of this psalm are recorded by David in 1 Chronicles 15:1-22.

In the procession to bring the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem, David composed this psalm in order to call on all Israel to give glory to God.

‘Give praise to the LORD, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done. Sing to him, sing praise to him; tell of all his wonderful acts. Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those who seek the LORD rejoice. Look to the LORD and his strength; seek his face always. Remember the wonders he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he pronounced, you his servants, the descendants of Abraham, his chosen ones, the children of Jacob.’ Psalm 105:1-6

The psalmist begins by calling upon everyone to praise the LORD and His Name.

The reason for this is simply because they wanted everyone to know what God has done among the nations, Matthew 28:19-20. The psalmist encourages everyone to sing to God with songs of praise, so that they can tell everyone about God’s wonderful acts.

Glory in found only in God’s holy Name, and when people seek God with all their hearts, they will rejoice, that is, the will find joy, Philippians 4:4. Everyone should look to the LORD and seek His face always for strength because they get their strength from Him, Isaiah 40:29-31 / Ephesians 6:10.

The psalmist invites everyone to remember the wonders and miracles God has done. They invite everyone to remember the judgments pronounced on His servants, the descendants of Abraham, His chosen ones, the children of Jacob, 1 Chronicles 16:13. These were His chosen ones in His covenant plan.

The psalmist speaks about Israel’s history and begins with Abraham and will continue to the time when Israel was delivered from Egyptian captivity.

‘He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth. He remembers his covenant forever, the promise he made, for a thousand generations, the covenant he made with Abraham, the oath he swore to Isaac. He confirmed it to Jacob as a decree, to Israel as an everlasting covenant: “To you I will give the land of Canaan as the portion you will inherit.” When they were but few in number, few indeed, and strangers in it, they wandered from nation to nation, from one kingdom to another. He allowed no one to oppress them; for their sake he rebuked kings: “Do not touch my anointed ones; do my prophets no harm.” Psalm 105:7-15

The psalmist now speaks about how God is ruler of the earth and His judgment are in all the earth. God made an everlasting covenant with Abraham, Genesis 12:1-3, Isaac, Genesis 26:2-5, and Jacob, Genesis 28:10-15, and with the nation of Israel, Genesis 32:28 / Luke 1:72-75.

Throughout Israel’s history, God’s covenant with Abraham was the foundation upon which He conserved Israel, Exodus 20:6. Because Abraham was faithful, God promised him that in his seed all the nations of the world would be blessed, Genesis 12:1-3. This blessing was Jesus, Acts 13:16-34 / Romans 2:28-29 / Romans 4:12-17 / Galatians 3-4 / Hebrews 10:15-22.

Part of God’s covenant was the promise of land, Genesis 12:1-3, this is the Promised Land of Canaan, which God gave to Israel, Joshua 17:14 / Joshua 19:9. The fathers of Israel, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, were only strangers in the land that would later be given to their descendants, Hebrews 11:9.

They wandered from one nation to another, that is they lived in different places wandering from one place to the next, Genesis 11:31-12:6 / Genesis 12:9-20 / Genesis 13:1 / Genesis 20:1 / Genesis 26:1 / Genesis 26:17 / Genesis 26:22-23 / Genesis 29:1.

God protected Israel’s fathers and wouldn’t allow anyone to oppress them, and on occasions, God even rebuked some kings, Genesis 12:14-20 / Genesis 20:1-16 / Genesis 26:6-11. He told them not to touch is anointed ones, Genesis 20:6 / Zechariah 2:8, and don’t harm His prophets, Genesis 26:11 / Hebrews 1:1-2.

‘He called down famine on the land and destroyed all their supplies of food; and he sent a man before them—Joseph, sold as a slave. They bruised his feet with shackles, his neck was put in irons, till what he foretold came to pass, till the word of the LORD proved him true. The king sent and released him, the ruler of peoples set him free. He made him master of his household, ruler over all he possessed, to instruct his princes as he pleased and teach his elders wisdom.’ Psalm 105:16-22

The psalmist tells us that in the days of Joseph, the famine which happened was no accident, it was God who caused it, Genesis 41:53-57 / Isaiah 3:1.

Despite Joseph being sold as a slave by his brothers, Genesis 37:12-28, it was all a part of God’s plan to send him ahead into Egypt in order to save His people, Genesis 37:28 / Genesis 37:36 / Genesis 39:1.

Despite Joseph being imprisoned, placed in shackles and irons, in an Egyptian jail, it was all a part of God’s plan to save His people. It was then that God tested him with His word, Genesis 40:3 / Luke 2:35.

Over a period of time, Joseph was released from prison by the order of the king to interpret his dream, Genesis 41:14. After successfully interpreting the king’s, dream, the king made Joseph master of his household and ruler over everything, Genesis 41:40.

Joseph was basically second in command and he was given the authority to instruct the king’s princes and teach the king’s elders wisdom, Genesis 45:5.

‘Then Israel entered Egypt; Jacob resided as a foreigner in the land of Ham. The LORD made his people very fruitful; he made them too numerous for their foes, whose hearts he turned to hate his people, to conspire against his servants.

He sent Moses his servant, and Aaron, whom he had chosen. They performed his signs among them, his wonders in the land of Ham. He sent darkness and made the land dark—for had they not rebelled against his words? He turned their waters into blood, causing their fish to die. Their land teemed with frogs, which went up into the bedrooms of their rulers. He spoke, and there came swarms of flies, and gnats throughout their country. He turned their rain into hail, with lightning throughout their land; he struck down their vines and fig trees and shattered the trees of their country. He spoke, and the locusts came, grasshoppers without number; they ate up every green thing in their land, ate up the produce of their soil. Then he struck down all the firstborn in their land, the firstfruits of all their manhood.’ Psalm 105:23-36

After a period of time, when the famine was severe, Israel came to Egypt, Genesis 46:3-4, and they lived as foreigners in the land of Ham, Genesis 10:6 / Genesis 46:6 / Psalm 78:51.

Whilst in Egypt, God’s people grew numerically to such an extent that there were more Israelites than there were Egyptians, Exodus 1:7 / Exodus 1:9. This was the reason why God sent them to Egypt in the first place, He wanted to build a nation.

As a result of Israel’s growth, the Egyptians hardened their hearts against the Israelites, and subsequently Pharaoh’s heart was hardened against them, Exodus 8:15 / Exodus 8:32 / Exodus 9:34. The Egyptians hated them and made slaves of them, Exodus 1:8-12.

God sent Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh and they performed God’s signs and wonders. These signs and wonders were done in order to authenticate the message they delivered, Exodus 4:30-31 / John 10:38.

The psalmist recalls all the plagues which God sent upon Egypt, Exodus 7-12 / Psalm 78:43-51, and the psalmist tells us that Moses and Aaron didn’t rebel against God’s words, Exodus 10:21-23, that is, they spoke to Pharaoh the words of God, just as God asked them to.

The final plague which came was when God Himself, struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, the firstfruits of all their manhood, Exodus 11:4-5 / Exodus 12:29, those who weren’t protected by the Passover lamb’s blood, Exodus 12:7 / Exodus 12:13.

‘He brought out Israel, laden with silver and gold, and from among their tribes no one faltered. Egypt was glad when they left, because dread of Israel had fallen on them. He spread out a cloud as a covering, and a fire to give light at night. They asked, and he brought them quail; he fed them well with the bread of heaven. He opened the rock, and water gushed out; it flowed like a river in the desert. For he remembered his holy promise given to his servant Abraham. He brought out his people with rejoicing, his chosen ones with shouts of joy; he gave them the lands of the nations, and they fell heir to what others had toiled for—that they might keep his precepts and observe his laws. Praise the LORD.’ Psalm 105:37-45

The psalmist reminds us that God didn’t allow Israel to leave Egypt empty handed, the Egyptians gave them silver and gold, Exodus 12:35-36.

No one was too weak that they couldn’t keep up with the group who left Egypt, Exodus 12:37. When Israel left Egypt, they were glad to see the back of them because of all the plagues which God sent upon them.

As Israel were leaving Egypt God showed His presence and protected them with a cloud and with fire, Numbers 10:34 / Psalm 78:14. The Israelites were hungry and He provided quail and bread for them to eat, Exodus 16:11.

God also provided them with an abundance of water to drink from a rock, Psalm 78:15 / Psalm 78:26-29 / 1 Corinthians 10:4. Everything God done for Israel was founded upon the holy promises He had given to Abraham, Genesis 12:1-3 / Psalm 105:8-9.

Not only was Israel, God’s chosen people, rejoicing and joyful that God brought them out of Egypt, but God Himself rejoiced, Exodus 15.

They all rejoiced when God brought them to the Promised Land and inherited a land which was already prepared for them by the other nations who lived there, Deuteronomy 6:10-11 / Joshua 13:7.

God done all of this in order that Israel would keep God’s statues and observe His laws, Exodus 19. The psalmist ends by praising God for everything He has done for His people.

Conclusion

The psalmist spoke about Joseph’s experience in Egypt, And that’s important because God had made a promise to bring a Saviour into the world through the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

And Joseph played a key role in ensuring that the promise made by God wouldn’t fail, and it didn’t. So, what can we learn from Joseph’s life that can be of help to us?

1. A young person can be a mighty instrument in the hand of God, bringing His plans to fulfilment, Genesis 39:20-23 / 1 Samuel 17:48-51.

2. God isn’t looking for perfect people to carry out His will, He’s looking for faithful people and age isn’t a barrier, 1 Timothy 1:16 / Galatians 2:11.

3. A young person doesn’t have to be bad. Living as a rebellious teenager isn’t something a young person has to do, Joseph didn’t, 1 John 1:6-10.

4. Sexual immorality isn’t a road a young person has to go down, Joseph didn’t, Genesis 39:6-10.

5. A young person doesn’t have to become unfaithful to God simply because he or she has major difficulties in life, Revelation 2:10.

6. Even in the worst situations and Joseph was in them, God was still with him and will always be with us, Genesis 39:1-2 / Genesis 39:20-21.

7. Throughout his time in Egypt Joseph remained faithful to God, even though he faced many discouraging moments, moments when he could have doubted God. But he kept growing spiritually, cultivating a heart for God. If Joseph can do it, so can we, Genesis 45:5-8.

8. God never changes. What God did for Joseph He can do for us, Malachi 3:6 / Hebrews 13:8.

9. Joseph was faced with two choices. He could become a bitter, spiteful, hateful person because of the way his brothers had treated him or he could choose to be obedient to God and forgive the wrong committed against him. He chose the latter and so can we, Genesis 50:16-21 / Ephesians 4:32.

10. The Bible speaks about being ‘useful to the Master and prepared to do every good work.’ 2 Timothy 2:24. Joseph made the right choices and so proved himself useful to the Master, so can we, Matthew 25:37-40.

Go To Psalm 106

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"This is how we know what love is: Jesus Christ laid down his life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers."

1 John 3:16

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