Scriptures

Psalm 1

Introduction

The book Psalms is a collection of inspired Hebrew poems, prayers and songs. There can be problems in interpreting them because they are expressions from man’s heart. The Psalms are words from men to God or about God.

The language the writer’s used is a universal language, they are Hebrew poetry but they express how people felt at the time of writing, which in turn helps us express ourselves to God.

It’s important to remember that the Psalms don’t teach doctrine but do support doctrine and they can be highly figurative. They are prayers and hymns, which express truth about God and to God in a poetic fashion.

The Jews knew these Psalms really well, and when anyone read out the first line of any Psalm, the Jews would recognise it and be able to recite the whole Psalm in their minds.

Authors

When we go through the Book of Psalms we notice that there are actually many authors of the book. Moses is accredited with one psalm, Psalm 90, David is accredited with 73 psalms, although some accredit him with 77, Psalm 2, quoted in Acts 4:25 / Psalms 3-9 / Psalms 11-32 / Psalms 34-41 / Psalms 51-65 / Psalms 68-70 / Psalm 86 / Psalm 95, quoted in Hebrews 4:7 / Psalm 96, quoted in 1 Chronicles 16:23-33 / Psalm 101 / Psalm 103 / Psalm 105:1-15, quoted in 1 Chronicles 16:7-22 / Psalm 108-110 / Psalm 122 / Psalm 124 / Psalm 131 / Psalm 133 / Psalms 138-145.

Solomon is accredited with two psalms, Psalms 72 and Psalm 127, Asaph is accredited with 12 psalms, Psalm 50 / Psalms 73-83. Heman is accredited with one psalm, Psalm 88, Ethan is accredited with one psalm, Psalm 89, Hezekiah is accredited with 10 psalms and the sons of Korah are accredited with 11 psalms, although some accredit him with only 12, Psalm 42 / Psalms 44-45 / Psalms 47-49 / Psalms 84-84 / Psalm 87.

Many believe because David was a psalmist, 2 Samuel 23:1-2, and the singer of Israel and a skilled musician, that he was responsible for putting them together, 1 Samuel 16:16 / 1 Samuel 16:18 / 2 Samuel 6:5 / 1 Chronicles 16:4-6.

We also know that David was a poet of Israel, 2 Samuel 1:19-27, and he was certainly familiar with music and musical instruments with which many of the psalms were sung, Amos 6:5.

Date

None of the psalms can be proved to have been of a later date than the time of Ezra and Nehemiah, hence the whole collection extends over a period of about 1,000 years. Though collated into five books, there is no chronological order to the Psalms, either by content or date of writing.

The Book

The Hebrew word for Psalms is ‘tehillim’, which means ‘praises’ and the English word ‘psalm’ comes from the Greek word ‘psalmoi’, which means ‘songs,’ or ‘sacred songs’.

There are in the New Testament 116 direct quotations from the Psalms, it’s quoted by every New Testament writer except James and Jude.

Jesus Himself said that there were prophecies of Himself in the Psalms, Luke 24:44 / Matthew 22:41-46 / Matthew 27:46, which tells us that some of the psalms were prophetic in natures concerning the Messiah.

Nine of the Psalms form eight acrostic units based on the Hebrew alphabet, Psalms 9-10 / Psalm 25 / Psalm 34 / Psalm 37 / Psalm 111 / Psalm 112 / Psalm 119 / Psalm 145. Five of these address the fear of the LORD, Psalm 25 / Psalm 34 / Psalm 111 / Psalm 112 / Psalm 145.

There are a few headings found with some of psalms, they are usually found in the small print under the Psalm number. The LXX of the book of psalms has 14 more headings than the original Hebrew text.

50 Psalms have a heading, which are called orphan Psalms and there are two types of heading.

1. Authorship headings.
2. Historical occasion headings.

Although the headings aren’t inspired by God, they are important because they give us some understanding about the Psalm and they help us to see why it was written. The headings usually tell us four things.

1. Who wrote them, probably wrote them or possibly wrote them.

2. Information about the historical background to the Psalm. Why it was written.

3. They tell us of the tune the Psalm was written to.

4. How it was used.

Throughout the psalms the word ‘selah’ is often used and included by some translations. Although no-one really knows what this word means, it’s likely it means to pause. It’s a time to stop and reflect upon what has just been said.

The book of Psalms is divided into five books. Each of the five books concludes with a doxology, that is the last verse of the last book is the same and each of the five books shows a particular reference to God.

In Book 1 the name ‘Yahweh’ is found 273 times. In Book 2 the name ‘Yahweh’ is found 74 times. In Book 3 the name ‘Yahweh’ is found 13 times and finally, in Books 4 and 5, the name ‘Yahweh’ is found 339 times. As you can see the name ‘Yahweh’ is more popular in Book 1.

In Book 1 the name ‘Elohim’ is found 15 times. In Book 2 the name ‘Elohim’ is found 207 times. In Book 3 the name, ‘Elohim’ is found 36 times and finally in Books 4 and 5 the name ‘Elohim’ is found 7 times. As you can see, the name ‘Elohim’ is more popular in Book 2.

These are 5 books of Psalms have been put together as follows.

Book 1. Psalms 1-41

All of which are ascribed to David except Psalm 1 / Psalm 2 / Psalm 10 / Psalm 33 which, though anonymous, may also be ascribed to him.

Book 2. Psalms 42-72

18 of which are ascribed to David and 1 to Solomon, Psalm 72. The rest are anonymous.

Book 3. Psalms 73-89

Psalm 86 is ascribed to David, Psalm 88 is ascribed to Heman the Ezrahite, and Psalm 89 is ascribed to Ethan the Ezrahite.

Book 4. Psalms 90-106

Psalm 90 is ascribed to Moses, and Psalm 101 and Psalm 103 are ascribed to David.

Book 5. Psalms 107-150

Of these, 15 are ascribed to David, and the 127 to Solomon. Psalm 136 is generally called ‘the great Hallel.’ These would be the hymns Jesus sang with His disciples in Matthew 26:30. But the Talmud also includes Psalm 120-135.

Psalm 113-118 inclusive, constitute the ‘Hallel’ recited at the three great feasts, at the new moon, and on the eight days of the feast of dedication.

Outline

Blessings, fall, and redemption. Psalms 1-41
Ruin, and rescue by God. Psalms 42-72
God’s temple. Psalms 73-89
God’s kingdom compared to neighbouring nations. Psalms 90-106
Praise for God and His Word. Psalms 107-150

Book 1 Psalm 1:1-41:13

As we open our Bible to study the first psalm, we soon discover that this psalm is really an introduction to all the others. This psalm speaks about wisdom by contrasting the fruits of the righteous and the fruits of the wicked, Jeremiah 17:5-8 / Galatians 5:19-23.

In other words, the first psalm sets out a clear contrast between those who are righteous and those who are wicked.

‘Blessed is the one who does not walk in step with the wicked or stand in the way that sinners take or sit in the company of mockers, but whose delight is in the law of the LORD, and who meditates on his law day and night. That person is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither—whatever they do prospers.’ Psalm 1:1-3

The word ‘blessed’ literally means ‘happy’, and here the writer tells us if a person isn’t living a sinful lifestyle they will be happy. How do people obtain real happiness?

Simply by obeying the will of God, Matthew 5:3-11, real happiness is found only in Christ, not in things of the world, Philippians 4:4.

Notice the words, ‘walks’, ‘stands’, and ‘sits’, these words imply, that sin is their lifestyle, they are constantly involved in sin trying to fulfil their sinful lusts and desires, Proverbs 23:7.

Those who are ‘mockers’ are those whose lives are totally different from the righteous, however, they go beyond just living different, in arrogance, they go out their way to verbally attack the righteous, Proverbs 1:22 / Matthew 27:29 / Luke 22:63 / Luke 23:11 / Luke 23:36.

In contrast to the sinners and mockers, the righteous delight in seeking God’s law, they study and meditate upon His
Word, 2 Timothy 2:15 / Matthew 7:13-14.

We must note that there is a difference between simply reading God’s Word and meditating upon it. When we meditate upon God’s Word, we actually stop and think about what we are reading.

Studying God’s Word isn’t for information but transformation, Romans 12:1-2, studying His Word helps us keep our minds on goldy things, Colossians 3:1-2.

The writer uses the metaphor of a tree, which continually receives water because it’s planted by a source of water. As Christians, our faith is continually being nourished by the Word of God, John 7:38 / Romans 10:17.

The righteous will prosper in whatever they do, however, this isn’t speaking about becoming rich, the word prosper us used here to describe how a righteous person is delivered from the wicked person.

‘Not so the wicked! They are like chaff that the wind blows away. Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the assembly of the righteous. For the LORD watches over the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked leads to destruction.’ Psalm 1:4-6

The writer told us in the previous verse that the righteous will prosper and here he says that the wicked won’t. When we look around at our world today, it certainly appears that the wicked are prospering, but we mustn’t lose sight of their end, they will face judgment and destruction, Matthew 3:12.

It was common practice to throw wheat grain in the air, which would allow the chaff to be blown away by the wind, Isaiah 5:24. The writer is telling us that God will protect the righteous by blowing the wicked away from them.

We see God doing this with His enemies on numerous occasions throughout the Scriptures. God is going to remove the wicked and sinners away from the assembly of the righteous. This is surely the ultimate destructions of the wicked and sinners, Proverbs 14:12 / Matthew 25:46 / 2 Thessalonians 1:6-9.

The Lord watches over the way of the righteous, means He know us, He knows each of us intimately, John 10:14 / John 10:27 / Matthew 10:20. Because He knows us so well, He has the right to judge those who don’t know Him, that is, the wicked, Psalm 119:115 / Matthew 7:21-23 / Matthew 25:41.

Conclusion

As Christians we will face persecution, 2 Timothy 3:12, and the first thing we must do is acknowledge that persecution is real and we do have real enemies. We can’t go through our Christian lives pretending that everyone loves us and everyone we meet will love us, Matthew 10:22-23.

The second thing we must do is ask God to deliver us from our enemies, Matthew 6:13. When we ask God to help us, we’re admitting to ourselves that we’re helpless. We need to admit we can’t save ourselves, we need divine intervention, Daniel 3:17.

The third thing we must do is exercise our faith in God to deliver us, Hebrews 13:6. Having confidence that God will deliver us will help us to keep going forward in sharing the Gospel with others, Acts 26:17.

And finally, after being delivered, it’s also important to remember to stop and thank God for delivering us, 2 Samuel 22:17-20. All too often God helps us out but we forget to stop to thank the very One who helped us, Luke 17:11-19.

Go To Psalm 2

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness."

Galatians 5:22

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