Scriptures

Numbers 29

Introduction

‘On the first day of the seventh month hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. It is a day for you to sound the trumpets. As an aroma pleasing to the LORD, offer a burnt offering of one young bull, one ram and seven male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bull offer a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with olive oil; with the ram, two-tenths; and with each of the seven lambs, one-tenth. Include one male goat as a sin offering to make atonement for you. These are in addition to the monthly and daily burnt offerings with their grain offerings and drink offerings as specified. They are food offerings presented to the LORD, a pleasing aroma.’ Numbers 29:1-6

The Festival Of Trumpets

In a continuation from the previous chapter, Israel are called upon to remember their relationship with God on certain days and festivals. The feast of trumpets were called this because the trumpets were blown throughout the land. This feast was conducted in the middle of the Jewish year.

Israel communicated with each other by blowing the trumpets which were made from ram’s horns and were usually blown only by the priests.

Barnes, in his commentary, says the following.

‘The ordinance of the Feast of Trumpets was to be observed on the opening day of that month within which the great Day of the Atonement and the Feast of Tabernacles fell, Leviticus 23:23ff. The special offering for the day anticipated that of the great Day of Atonement.’

Coffman, in his commentary, says the following.

‘The Jews had a dual system of years; there was the religious year which began with the month Abib (Nisan), the first part of which was honoured by the Passover ceremonies and the feast of Unleavened Bread; and then there was the civil year which began on the first of Tisri, this being the occasion of the blowing of the trumpets, Numbers 10:10, and the celebration of Rosh Hoshannah, the Jewish New Year. Also, during this seventh month (religious), there came the great Day of Atonement and all of the ritual performed by the high priest on that day, Exodus 16. This was marked by the Jews as Yom Kippur, or, more accurately, ‘Yom ha-Kippurim’. All of these offerings mentioned here are additional to the bullocks, rams, and goats offered by the high priest on the Day of Atonement.’

The Day Of Atonement

‘On the tenth day of this seventh month hold a sacred assembly. You must deny yourselves and do no work. Present as an aroma pleasing to the LORD a burnt offering of one young bull, one ram and seven male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bull offer a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with oil; with the ram, two-tenths; and with each of the seven lambs, one-tenth. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the sin offering for atonement and the regular burnt offering with its grain offering, and their drink offerings.’ Numbers 29:7-11

The day of atonement was the day when an offering was made for the sins of the people. This was an annual event where the high priest entered into the holy of holies of the tabernacle to make atonement for the nation as a whole. Notice this wasn’t a happy occasion, this was a day where people had to seriously think about their sin, and its consequences.

Coffman, in his commentary, says the following.

‘Note that this whole series of offerings follows a pattern in the number and kind of animals to be offered, in the amount of the meal-offerings in each case, and the inclusion of the drink-offerings. All of these are supplementary and additional to the regular sacrifices and ceremonies already prescribed in Exodus and Leviticus. Day of Atonement was the tenth day of the seventh month. Another great Jewish festival occurred in this month, namely, the Feast of Tabernacles which took place on the fifteenth day of this same month. The offerings for this day were extensive, more than for any other day, as appears at once in the text.’

The Festival Of Tabernacles

‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. Celebrate a festival to the LORD for seven days. Present as an aroma pleasing to the LORD a food offering consisting of a burnt offering of thirteen young bulls, two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old, all without defect. With each of the thirteen bulls offer a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with oil; with each of the two rams, two-tenths; and with each of the fourteen lambs, one-tenth. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. “‘On the second day offer twelve young bulls, two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bulls, rams and lambs, offer their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering, and their drink offerings. “‘On the third day offer eleven bulls, two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bulls, rams and lambs, offer their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. “‘On the fourth day offer ten bulls, two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bulls, rams and lambs, offer their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. “‘On the fifth day offer nine bulls, two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bulls, rams and lambs, offer their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. “‘On the sixth day offer eight bulls, two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bulls, rams and lambs, offer their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. “‘On the seventh day offer seven bulls, two rams and fourteen male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bulls, rams and lambs, offer their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. “‘On the eighth day hold a closing special assembly and do no regular work. Present as an aroma pleasing to the LORD a food offering consisting of a burnt offering of one bull, one ram and seven male lambs a year old, all without defect. With the bull, the ram and the lambs, offer their grain offerings and drink offerings according to the number specified. Include one male goat as a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and drink offering. “‘In addition to what you vow and your freewill offerings, offer these to the LORD at your appointed festivals: your burnt offerings, grain offerings, drink offerings and fellowship offerings.’” Moses told the Israelites all that the LORD commanded him.’ Numbers 29:12-40

The feast of tabernacles, sometimes called, booths or tents, lasted for seven days and it was a happy occasion. The people lived in tents during this time in order to commemorate their wandering in the wilderness.

This was a time to be thankful to God for bringing them into the land of Canaan where they could live in their own houses. All of the offerings and feasts were in thanksgiving to God for His grace in bringing them into the Promised Land.

Barnes, in his commentary, says the following.

‘The offerings required at this feast were the largest of all. It was especially one of thankfulness to God for the gift of the fruits of the earth; and the quantity and the nature of the offerings, Numbers 29:7-11, were determined accordingly.’

Notice there were thirteen young bulls, two rams, and fourteen lambs, all of which were required on the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles.

Notice also, on the second day there twelve young bulls, two rams, and fourteen lambs which were required to be offered as sacrifices. The sacrifice of so many animals was proof that God really did take care of them whilst they were in the wilderness.

As Christians, we too have much to be thankful for, and as God’s priests, 1 Peter 2:9-10, we too should continually offer our lives in sacrifice to the Lord out of thankfulness, Romans 12:1-2 / 2 Corinthians 4:15.

Go To Numbers 30

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose."

Romans 8:28

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