Isaiah 4


‘In that day seven women will take hold of one man and say, “We will eat our own food and provide our own clothes; only let us be called by your name. Take away our disgrace!” In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel. Those who are left in Zion, who remain in Jerusalem, will be called holy, all who are recorded among the living in Jerusalem. The Lord will wash away the filth of the women of Zion; he will cleanse the bloodstains from Jerusalem by a spirit of judgment and a spirit of fire. Then the LORD will create over all of Mount Zion and over those who assemble there a cloud of smoke by day and a glow of flaming fire by night; over everything the glory will be a canopy. It will be a shelter and shade from the heat of the day, and a refuge and hiding place from the storm and rain.’ Isaiah 4:1-6

While the seven women mourn at the city gates, fighting over a man to marry, Isaiah 3:26, they soon discover that all the men have been slaughtered in battle and so, they are now desperate. The number seven is often used to denote a large though an indefinite number, Leviticus 26:28 / Proverbs 24:16 / Zechariah 3:9.

The Branch Of The LORD

Isaiah closes this section by returning to the Messianic theme, showing the internal condition of the church when the Messiah reigns, 1 Corinthians 1:2 / 2 Corinthians 1:1. The Branch, that is, the Messiah brings the fruit of the land, that is, there will be growth and fertility, John 15:1-8.

Archer, in his commentary, says the following, concerning ‘the Branch’.

‘The Branch of Jehovah’, American Standard Version, refers to Christ himself, as the descendant of the promised line of David. The same word, literally sprout is used with reference to Messiah in Jeremiah 23:5 / Jeremiah 33:15 / Zechariah 3:8 / Zechariah 6:12. Note that the ultimate prosperity is promised only to the escaped of Israel, although the nation as a whole must be rejected for disobedience. Only those who have been sanctified by the new birth, and inwardly transformed to mirror forth Christ’s holiness will be enrolled as citizens in the spiritual Jerusalem.’

Barnes, in his commentary, says the following.

‘The Messiah is thus said to be ‘a root of Jesse,’ Romans 11:12 / Isaiah 11:1 / Isaiah 11:10, and ‘the root and offspring of David,’ Revelation 22:16, as being a ‘descendant’ of Jesse; that is as if Jesse should fall like an aged tree, yet the ‘root’ would sprout up and live. The word ‘branch’ occurs several times in the Old Testament, and in most, if not all, with express reference to the Messiah, Jeremiah 23:5 / Jeremiah 33:15 / Zechariah 3:8 / Zechariah 6:12.’

The words beautiful, and glorious, are adjectives used to describe the remnant from which all the others shall spring. It’s a state of blessedness, there will be a period of suffering, judgment and then blessings, Psalm 15 / Psalm 24.

Barnes, in his commentary, says the following, concerning those ‘recorded amongst the living in Jerusalem’.

‘The Jews were accustomed to registering the names of all the people. Those names were written in a catalogue, or register, of each tribe or family. To be written in that book, or register, meant to be alive, for when a death occurred, the name was stricken out, Exodus 32:32 / Daniel 12:1 / Ezekiel 13:9. The expression came also to denote all who were truly the friends of God, they whose names are written in ‘his’ book, the book of life. In this sense, it is used in the New Testament, Philippians 4:3 / Revelation 3:5 / Revelation 17:5.’

God is going to wash away the filth, Isaiah 1:16 / Zechariah 13:1, and cleanse the bloodstain, Isaiah 1:15 / Isaiah 3:24. The spirit of judgment isn’t speaking about the Holy Spirit, but God’s breath of judgment that purged them of sin, Genesis 8:1 / Job 1:19. By his breath, He will judge them by fire, Matthew 3:11-12 / Malachi 3:2-3.

The cloud and fire are figurative, referring to the manifestation of God’s divine presence, Exodus 13:21 / Exodus 14:20 / Numbers 9:15 / Numbers 10:34, God is here. God’s glory will be a canopy, the tabernacle, which is a picture of God’s protection. His atoning grace would be a place of refuge for those who were weary of their sins.

Barnes, in his commentary, says the following.

1. That God will be a defender of His people.

2. That He will protect their families, and that His blessing will be upon their dwelling-places, Isaiah 59:21.

3. They may expect His blessing on their religious assemblies.

4. God, through the promised Messiah, would be a refuge and defence.

Go To Isaiah 5