Isaiah 2


‘This is what Isaiah son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem: In the last days the mountain of the LORD’s temple will be established as the highest of the mountains; it will be exalted above the hills, and all nations will stream to it. Many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the temple of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.” The law will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for many peoples. They will beat their swords into ploughshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore. Come, descendants of Jacob, let us walk in the light of the LORD.’ Isaiah 2:1-5

The Mountain Of The LORD

This is what Isaiah saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem and it’s a picture of the glory of Zion. We must note that the word ‘Jerusalem’ isn’t speaking of the physical structure, it speaks of all the pure things, which Jerusalem represents.

The words in verses 2-4 are virtually the same as the word we read in Micah 4:1-3, however, in the context of Micah 3, the words follow the destruction of the temple. Isaiah and Micah foretold of the coming response to the future kingdom reign of Jesus.

Coffman, in his commentary, says the following.

‘The tremendous importance of these passages in Micah and Isaiah is such that there cannot possibly be any wonder that God gave the same message twice. In the first place, this teaching is not talking about the earthly Jerusalem at all, but the ‘heavenly Jerusalem’ which is our mother, Galatians 4:26. God simply was not speaking of the literal Jerusalem, nor of the Law of Moses in any sense whatever in this passage. Moses’ law never went forth from Jerusalem, but from Sinai, and ‘many peoples’ have never flowed unto the literal Jerusalem, but unto the spiritual Jerusalem which is Mount Zion, Hebrews 12:22.’

The first five verses of this chapter foretell the coming of Christ and the establishment of His kingdom on earth, the conversion of the Gentiles and their admission into the church.

The prophet is looking forward and refers to the last days, in other words, the Old Testament system was merely preparatory and would serve to spread the Gospel blessings when they arrived. The ‘last days’ refer to the last dispensation or the Christian dispensation, the days of the Messiah.

Barnes, in his commentary, says the following, concerning ‘the last days’.

‘This is an expression that often occurs in the Old Testament. It does not of itself refer to any ‘particular’ period, and especially not, as our translation would seem to indicate, to the end of the world. The expression properly denotes ‘only future time’ in general. But the prophets were accustomed to concentrating all their hopes on the coming of the Messiah. They saw his advent as giving character, and sublimity, and happiness to all coming times. Hence, the expression came to denote, by way of eminence, the times of the Messiah, and is frequently used in the New Testament, as well as the Old, to designate those times, Acts 2:17 / Joel 2:28 / Hebrews 1:2 / 1 Peter 1:5 / 1 Peter 1:20 / 1 John 2:18 / Genesis 49:1 / Micah 4:1 / Deuteronomy 4:30 / Jeremiah 48:47 / Daniel 11:28.’

The mountain refers to the house of God, Luke 17:20-21, the Lord’s house being established far above all earthly governments, it will be raised, that is, spiritual raised, as ‘the highest of mountains’, which refers to the majesty and exaltation of the church, 1 Corinthians 3:16 / Hebrews 12:18-23 / 1 Timothy 3:5. Today, we are the house of God.

The church began in Jerusalem, Matthew 28:19-20 / Luke 24:47 / Acts 1:8, and ‘many peoples’ which would include the Gentiles came. The apostles began to preach the Gospel in Jerusalem, Acts 2.

All the nations, that is, all the Gentiles nations, those nations which have destroyed Jerusalem, are now streaming to it for lessons and guidance, Luke 17:20-21, they now submit to the law of God, Zechariah 8:22-23.

The enemies of Jerusalem will now stream to it, Isaiah 11:10 / Isaiah 42:1 / Isaiah 42:6 / Isaiah 49:22 / Isaiah 54:3 / Isaiah 60:3 / Isaiah 60:5 / Isaiah 60:10 / Isaiah 62:2 / Isaiah 66:12 / Isaiah 66:19.

God would send judgment among the nations by the preaching of His word. The judgment would come by the authority of the Word, John 12:48 / John 9:39 / Acts 13:46. God will judge the world at the final judgment through Jesus and His Word, Acts 17:31 / Romans 2:16.

The weapons are made into farming implements and when they go up to Jerusalem, they will receive spiritual peace, Ephesians 2:11-16. Jesus gives us peace of mind, John 14:27 / John 16:33 / Romans 5:1 / Philippians 4:7 / Colossians 1:20 / Colossians 3:15 / 2 Thessalonians 3:16.

In other words, in the last days, there is hope. Under Old Covenant, God dwelt with the nation, today He deals with the individual.

What is the prophet saying here? Jesus is a Jew, our knowledge of God comes from the Jews, we had to learn about God from the Jews, John 4:22 / Jeremiah 31:8.

The Scriptures came from the Jews. The word went from Jerusalem, from Jews to Jews, Acts 2, and then from Jews to the Gentiles, Acts 10 / Romans 15:27.

The Day Of The LORD

‘You, LORD, have abandoned your people, the descendants of Jacob. They are full of superstitions from the East; they practice divination like the Philistines and embrace pagan customs. Their land is full of silver and gold; there is no end to their treasures. Their land is full of horses; there is no end to their chariots. Their land is full of idols; they bow down to the work of their hands, to what their fingers have made. So people will be brought low and everyone humbled—do not forgive them.’ Isaiah 2:6-9

The remainder of this chapter foretells the punishment of the unbelieving Jews for their idolatrous practices and their failure to trust God.

Instead of depending on God, the people depended on the fortune-tellers of the Philistines and other heathen nations. They engaged in trading contracts and covenants with foreign nations and hey built up their forces for physical strength and turned to idols instead of worship to God, in other words, idolatry is now everywhere, Revelation 9:20.

In an effort not to forget their idol gods, they formed a presentation of their god out of silver and gold, Colossians 3:5. Horses and chariots are mentioned among the wares and merchandise of Rome in Revelation 18:13.

They were lowering themselves, or the judgment, which is coming, will bring them down. Isaiah describes a people who are proud of themselves, they trust in everybody and everything except God. They only looked after their own needs and didn’t look after the needs of anyone else.

‘Go into the rocks, hide in the ground from the fearful presence of the LORD and the splendour of his majesty! The eyes of the arrogant will be humbled and human pride brought low; the LORD alone will be exalted in that day. The LORD Almighty has a day in store for all the proud and lofty, for all that is exalted (and they will be humbled), for all the cedars of Lebanon, tall and lofty, and all the oaks of Bashan, for all the towering mountains and all the high hills, for every lofty tower and every fortified wall, for every trading ship and every stately vessel. The arrogance of man will be brought low and human pride humbled; the LORD alone will be exalted in that day, and the idols will totally disappear. People will flee to caves in the rocks and to holes in the ground from the fearful presence of the LORD and the splendour of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth. In that day people will throw away to the moles and bats their idols of silver and idols of gold, which they made to worship. They will flee to caverns in the rocks and to the overhanging crags from the fearful presence of the LORD and the splendour of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth. Stop trusting in mere humans, who have but a breath in their nostrils. Why hold them in esteem?’ Isaiah 2:10-22

Here we read on God’s day, that He will bring judgment on the proud and self-sufficient and we see how the people will be humbled, Philippians 2:11. They didn’t recognise everything they had actually came from God.

When God is exalted, men are humiliated and the day was coming, when the idolaters would hide from the terror of the Lord and in their terror, they would seek to hide themselves in caves and caverns.

Although they were as proud as the cedars of Lebanon and strong as the oaks of Bashan, in fear, they would seek refuge from the judgment of God.

Isaiah speaks of high things upon which the judgement of God would fall and he says all the fortified walls would fall, Revelation 12:6 / Revelation 12:12-17.

He tells us that God alone will be exalted and all the idols will be destroyed, Haggai 2:6 / Hebrews 12:26 / Revelation 6:15-16 / Revelation 18:11-19.

When the Assyrians or Babylonians came upon them, they would run for cover and their idols would be thrown away because they would fail them.

We also see a picture of a man throwing away everything he trusted in, in other words, he is now made to realise it is useless, his idols were useless, 1 Corinthians 8:4.

All the idols made of gold and silver would be utterly useless when they are on the run from the Assyrians and Babylonians. They will throw them away to the moles and bats.

Isaiah tells them to stop trusting in mere humans, who are nothing but a breath. They have no power, they are of no use against God, therefore, it doesn’t make sense to trust them, instead of God, Psalm 118:8.

Go To Isaiah 3


"Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles, and let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us."