Scriptures

Complete Study Of The Book Of Isaiah

INTRODUCTION

The theme of the book of Isaiah is imply this, God wants to have fellowship with all of mankind. Isaiah warns the kingdoms of Israel and Judah and the surrounding nations of impending judgment and destruction because of their sins of pride, idolatry, and oppression of the poor.

We have a historical interlude that leads to Judah’s captivity by Babylon and God’s efforts to get the attention of His children so they will return to Him.

We also read a lot about the Messiah and the Good News He will bring. Isaiah prophesied a lot about the Christ, in fact he prophesied about Christ more than any other Old Testament prophet, and he is quoted in the New Testament more than any other prophet. There are about fifty-four New Testament quotations of Isaiah.

Coffman, in his commentary, says the following.

Conditions of Israel The Northern Kingdom

Isaiah began to prophecy when it was outwardly rich and prosperous under the rule of Jeroboam II. Inwardly it was very corrupt. It soon went to pieces, however, 621 B.C., being conquered and carried into captivity by the Assyrians.

Conditions of Judah The Southern Kingdom

During the reigns of Ahaz, Jotham and Uzziah, oppression, wickedness and idolatry existed everywhere. Ahaz made an alliance with Assyria, which finally brought destruction to Israel, but Hezekiah listened to Isaiah and made reforms, and God destroyed the Assyrian army before Jerusalem was destroyed.

Author

Although some people question who the author is and some people think more than one person wrote it. The genuineness of the section Isaiah 40-66 has been keenly opposed by able critics. They assert that it must be the production of a Deutero-Isaiah, who lived toward the close of the Babylonian captivity. This theory was originated by Koppe, a German writer at the close of the last century.

There are other portions of the book also e.g., chapters 13-24 and certain verses in chapters 14 and 21 which they attribute to some other prophet than Isaiah. So they say that some five or seven, or even more, unknown prophets had a hand in the production of this book.

Reasons For Accepting Single Authorship

1. Consistent of New Testament quotes from all sections of the book.

2. For over 2000 years the Jewish nation have held no other view.

3. The opponents of a single authorship cannot agree on the most basic issues. How many writers there are, what chapters are and are not.

4. Isaiah says he wrote it. There is no other hint of anyone else writing it.

5. There is within Isaiah 40-66 acts of idolatry mentioned, this doesn’t occur during or after their captivity.

6. Nobody knows who Deutero-Isaiah is.

7. Isaiah 40-66 reference to a more hilly terrain than the flat land of Babylon.

8. The Septuagint accepts the book as the book of the prophet Isaiah.

9. The documents of Qumran. Isaiah A scroll. There is no division in it is a whole book. There is no textual evidence to suggest there should be a division.

Isaiah, The Man

Isaiah’s name means God saves and his father was Amoz, Isaiah 1:1 / Isaiah 2:1, who was apparently a man of humble rank. He was married and his wife was called ‘the prophetess,’ Isaiah 8:3, either because she was gifted with the ability to prophecy, like Deborah, Judges 4:4, and Huldah, 2 Kings 22:14-20, or simply because she was the wife of ‘the prophet’, Isaiah 38:1.

He had two sons, who bore symbolical names, Shear-Jashub means ‘a remnant shall return’, Isaiah 7:3, and Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz means ‘quick to plunder, swift to the spoil’, Isaiah 8:1-3.

Isaiah was in close contact with the royal family and spoke with them regularly. He exercised the functions of his office during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, Isaiah 1:1.

Uzziah reigned fifty-two years, B.C. 810-759, and Isaiah must have begun his career a few years before Uzziah’s death, probably B.C. 762.

He lived until the fourteenth year of Hezekiah, and in all likelihood outlived that monarch, who died B.C. 698, and may have been contemporary for some years with Manasseh. Thus Isaiah may have prophesied for the long period of at least sixty-four years.

His first call to the prophetical office is not recorded. A second call came to him ‘in the year that King Uzziah died’, Isaiah 6:1. Jewish tradition says that Isaiah was murdered by being sawn in two, Hebrews 11:37.

Date

Most commentators agree that the book was written sometime during the ministry of Isaiah, approximately 740–701 B.C., during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, and Manasseh of the Southern Kingdom of Judah.

Outline

The prophet and the people. Isaiah 1-6

The threat from Assyria. Isaiah 7-12

Israel and the foreign nations. Isaiah 13-23

Desolation, delivery and triumph. Isaiah 24-27

Continued threat from Assyria. Isaiah 28-35

‘Play it again’, Hezekiah. Isaiah 36-39

God, captivity and the Messiah. Isaiah 40-66

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Complete Study Of The Book Of Isaiah  

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds."

James 1:2

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