Genesis 7


‘The LORD then said to Noah, ‘Go into the ark, you and your whole family, because I have found you righteous in this generation.’ Genesis 7:1

Genesis 6:22 to Genesis 7:1 we see that it took 120 years to complete the ark, which means that Noah preached about the righteousness of God for 120 years, and also means that the people had 120 years to repent and turn to God. 1 Peter 3:18-20.

Imagine preaching a message about something that’s going to happen to the world and will never be repeated. I’m sure that some people would have listened to him but did nothing about it, all they did was listen, Matthew 24:37-39.

I’m sure people would have mocked him like they do today when Christians speak about the final coming of Christ and I’m sure there would have been those who wanted to wait to the last minute but weren’t prepared, Matthew 25:10.

‘Take with you seven pairs of every kind of clean animal, a male and its mate, and one pair of every kind of unclean animal, a male and its mate, and also seven pairs of every kind of bird, male and female, to keep their various kinds alive throughout the earth. Seven days from now I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe from the face of the earth every living creature I have made.’ And Noah did all that the LORD commanded him. Genesis 7:2-5

The time has now come for Noah and his family to enter the ark and to take the animals on board. This is the first mention of ‘clean’ and ‘unclean’ animals, the first mention of a distinction between the animals, which tells us that God was preparing His future people for worship.

The ‘clean’ animals were to come in by sevens, these animals were for to be on board for reproductive reasons, these were the animals which were later after they have reproduced were to be used in animal sacrifices.

The ‘unclean’ animals were to come in only in pairs and were for reproductive reasons only. Sadly, throughout the Scriptures we them being used for animal sacrifices to the pagan gods and worshipped as gods. Noah had seven days to bring all these animals into the ark this, which he achieved.

Please note that during the time of Noah there were no food laws, God was preparing for the future law which He would enforce upon His people.

Clean and unclean animals

God states that cud-chewing animals with split hooves can be eaten, Leviticus 11:3 / Deuteronomy 14:6. These specifically include the cattle, sheep, goat, deer and gazelle families, Deuteronomy 14:4-5. He also lists such animals as camels, rabbits and pigs as being unclean, or unfit to eat, Leviticus 11:4-8.

He later lists such ‘creeping things’ as moles, mice and lizards as unfit to eat, Leviticus 11:29-31, as well as four-footed animals with paws, cats, dogs, bears, lions, tigers, etc. as unclean, Leviticus 11:27.

He tells us that salt and freshwater fish with fins and scales may be eaten, Leviticus 11:9-12, but water creatures without those characteristics, catfish, lobsters, crabs, shrimp, mussels, clams, oysters, squid, octopi, etc. should not be eaten.

God also lists birds and other flying creatures that are unclean for consumption, Leviticus 11:13-19. He identifies carrion eaters and birds of prey as unclean, plus ostriches, storks, herons and bats.

Birds such as chickens, turkeys and pheasants are not on the unclean list and therefore can be eaten. Insects, with the exception of locusts, crickets and grasshoppers, are listed as unclean, Leviticus 11:20-23.

Why does God identify some animals as suitable for human consumption and others as unsuitable?

God didn’t give laws to randomly assert control over people. He gave His laws, including those of which meats are clean or unclean, ‘that it might be well’ with those who seek to obey Him. Deuteronomy 5:29. Although God didn’t reveal the specific reasons some animals may be eaten, and others must be avoided, we can make generalised conclusions based on the animals included in the two categories.

In listing the animals that should not be eaten, God forbids the consumption of scavengers and carrion eaters, which devour other animals for their food. Animals such as pigs, bears, vultures and raptors can eat, and thrive on decaying flesh. Predatory animals such as wolves, lions, leopards and cheetahs most often prey on the weakest, and at times the diseased in animal herds.

When it comes to sea creatures, bottom dwellers such as lobsters and crabs scavenge for dead animals on the sea floor. Shellfish such as oysters, clams and mussels similarly consume decaying organic matter that sinks to the sea floor, including sewage.

A common denominator of many of the animals God designates as unclean is that they routinely eat flesh that would sicken or kill human beings. When we eat such animals, we partake of a food chain that includes things harmful to people.

‘Noah was six hundred years old when the floodwaters came on the earth. And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives entered the ark to escape the waters of the flood. Pairs of clean and unclean animals, of birds and of all creatures that move along the ground, male and female, came to Noah and entered the ark, as God had commanded Noah. And after the seven days the floodwaters came on the earth.’ Genesis 7:6-10

At the end of the seven days when Noah who was now 600 years old, and he brought in all the animals which God required, with God’s help, notice that the animals came to Noah, Genesis 6:20. God has obviously commanded these animals to go to Noah. I find this incredible that even the animals will obey God, but the people won’t!

The rain begins to fall which is something which hasn’t happened before, imagine seeing rain for the first time. I have a good friend from Zimbabwe who came to the UK one time and when he saw snow for the first time, he was dancing in the street, amazed at such a sight.

What a sight this must have been, seeing rain for the first time, sadly for the whole population of the earth with the exception of Noah and his family this was to be the first and last time people would have seen the rain.

‘In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month—on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened. And rain fell on the earth forty days and forty nights.’ Genesis 7:11-12

The flood has now come and it’s of Biblical proportions, all of the earth was to be destroyed, all of mankind, the animals etc, this was a global flood which the world had never witnessed before at this point in history.

Where did the water come from?

Some of the waters for the flood came from inside the Earth, adding to the waters already covering the Earth from the beginning on day one of creation, Genesis 1:2, on day three, God gathered the waters into one place and called them seas, Genesis 1:9-10. The water which was in the sky, Genesis 1:6-8, also poured down upon the earth. The world at this time was overthrown by water, 2 Peter 3:5-6.

‘On that very day Noah and his sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, together with his wife and the wives of his three sons, entered the ark. They had with them every wild animal according to its kind, all livestock according to their kinds, every creature that moves along the ground according to its kind and every bird according to its kind, everything with wings. Pairs of all creatures that have the breath of life in them came to Noah and entered the ark. The animals going in were male and female of every living thing, as God had commanded Noah. Then the LORD shut him in.’ Genesis 7:13-16

The point of these verses being repeated is to emphasise the preservation of Noah, his family and the animal life, those inside the ark would live, those outside the ark would perish.

But notice that Moses adds further emphasis by adding the words, ‘the Lord shut him in’, meaning that those inside would be preserved by the Lord and those outside the ark would perish.

God closed the door, He was the one who would protect His people and today if we’re not ‘in Christ’ we too will find ourselves outside the protection of Christ come Judgement Day, Matthew 24:37-39 / Matthew 25:10.

‘For forty days the flood kept coming on the earth, and as the waters increased they lifted the ark high above the earth. The waters rose and increased greatly on the earth, and the ark floated on the surface of the water. They rose greatly on the earth, and all the high mountains under the entire heavens were covered. The waters rose and covered the mountains to a depth of more than fifteen cubits.’ Genesis 7:17-20

There is no arguing that this was a local flood, this flood was catastrophic as it covered the whole earth. It was so great, the ark begun to float, remember the ark would have weighed around 13,960 tons which meant there had to have been a lot of water and the water levels rose to more than fifteen cubits which is roughly 9 meters above the highest mountain.

‘Every living thing that moved on land perished—birds, livestock, wild animals, all the creatures that swarm over the earth, and all mankind. Everything on dry land that had the breath of life in its nostrils died. Every living thing on the face of the earth was wiped out; people and animals and the creatures that move along the ground and the birds were wiped from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those with him in the ark. The waters flooded the earth for a hundred and fifty days.’ Genesis 7:21-24

This is a sad read considering that mankind had their chance to repent and turn to God, considering they had 120 to repent through Noah’s preaching. Every animal and every man of all the earth was destroyed by the global waters.

This flood lasted for 150 days and when we look at our world today, we see the end product of the devastation it caused. We can look at a world map like a jigsaw puzzle and see how it once belonged together but now they are separated. This flood changed the shape of the world forever.

‘But they deliberately forget that long ago by God’s word the heavens came into being and the earth was formed out of water and by water. By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed.’ 2 Peter 3:5-6

Here Peter compares the heavens and earth of old with the

‘heavens and the earth that are now’ 2 Peter 3:7

We live in a completely different world today in comparison to the world which existed before the flood, the environment, the weather, especially rain, the landscape, everything has changed and not for the good.

‘God waited patiently in the days of Noah while the ark was being built. In it only a few people, eight in all, were saved through water, and this water symbolises baptism that now saves you also—not the removal of dirt from the body but the pledge of a clear conscience toward God. It saves you by the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at God’s right hand—with angels, authorities and powers in submission to him.’ 1 Peter 3:20-22

Peter says the waters of the flood are the type, and the waters of baptism are the anti-type. Peter speaks about Noah and the ark and speaks of Noah and his family being ‘in’ the ark and because they were ‘in’ the ark they were saved but then Peter speaks about how baptism also saves in the same way, in other words, we must be ‘in Christ’ to be saved and the way to get ‘in Christ’ is through being baptised ‘into Christ’. Romans 6:3-5.

Barnes in his commentary says this,

‘The meaning here is, that baptism corresponded to, or had a resemblance to, the water by which Noah was saved; or that there was a use of water in the one case which corresponded in some respects to the water that was used in the other; to wit, in effecting salvation.’

Those who insist that baptism is irrelevant or unnecessary for salvation are sadly mistaken, Matthew 28:19-20 / Mark 16:15-15.

Go To Genesis 8



"Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see."

Hebrews 11:1