Ezekiel 30


Judgment against Pharaoh. (586 B.C.) The armies of Egypt will be destroyed.

Lament for Egypt

Day of judgment speedy and complete. Ezekiel 30:1-19.

The Lord will have vengeance on Egypt and her allies. Ezekiel 30:1-5.

Egypt’s supporters will leave her. Ezekiel 30:6-9.

Nebuchadnezzar will be God’s method of vengeance. Ezekiel 30:10-12.

God describes how his vengeance will be inflicted. Ezekiel 30:13-19.

‘The word of the LORD came to me: ‘Son of man, prophesy and say: ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘Wail and say, “Alas for that day!’ For the day is near, the day of the LORD is near—a day of clouds, a time of doom for the nations. A sword will come against Egypt, and anguish will come upon Cush. When the slain fall in Egypt, her wealth will be carried away and her foundations torn down. Cush and Libya, Lydia and all Arabia, Kub and the people of the covenant land will fall by the sword along with Egypt. ‘This is what the LORD says: ‘The allies of Egypt will fall, and her proud strength will fail. From Migdol to Aswan they will fall by the sword within her, declares the Sovereign LORD. ‘They will be desolate among desolate lands, and their cities will lie among ruined cities. Then they will know that I am the LORD, when I set fire to Egypt and all her helpers are crushed. ‘On that day messengers will go out from me in ships to frighten Cush out of her complacency. Anguish will take hold of them on the day of Egypt’s doom, for it is sure to come.’ Ezekiel 30:1-9

In prophecy, this phrase meant that judgment and destruction were coming. The day of the Lord meant deliverance of the righteous by the destruction of the wicked, 2 Peter 3.

In this historical context, Egypt and all nations who were in alliance with her were to suffer the destruction that would be coming from the Babylonian Empire. When Egypt and its alliance countries fell to the Babylonians, the neighbouring Ethiopians to the south of Egypt would also suffer.

‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘I will put an end to the hordes of Egypt by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. He and his army—the most ruthless of nations—will be brought in to destroy the land. They will draw their swords against Egypt and fill the land with the slain. I will dry up the waters of the Nile and sell the land to an evil nation; by the hand of foreigners I will lay waste the land and everything in it. I the LORD have spoken. Ezekiel 30:10-12

The Nile River would not completely dry up, but it would be so low that the irrigation canals would not feed through to the crops. However, most of the small rivers that dispersed from the mouth of the Nile in the land of Goshen would dry up.

‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘I will destroy the idols and put an end to the images in Memphis. No longer will there be a prince in Egypt, and I will spread fear throughout the land. I will lay waste Upper Egypt, set fire to Zoan and inflict punishment on Thebes. I will pour out my wrath on Pelusium, the stronghold of Egypt, and wipe out the hordes of Thebes. I will set fire to Egypt; Pelusium will writhe in agony. Thebes will be taken by storm; Memphis will be in constant distress. The young men of Heliopolis and Bubastis will fall by the sword, and the cities themselves will go into captivity. Dark will be the day at Tahpanhes when I break the yoke of Egypt; there her proud strength will come to an end. She will be covered with clouds, and her villages will go into captivity. So, I will inflict punishment on Egypt, and they will know that I am the LORD.’ Ezekiel 30:13-19

The cities mentioned are the principal cities throughout Egypt. Memphis was the capital of Lower Egypt, the northern region, and Pathros was the capital of Upper Egypt, the southern region.

‘In the eleventh year, in the first month on the seventh day, the word of the LORD came to me: ‘Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt. It has not been bound up to be healed or put in a splint so that it may become strong enough to hold a sword. Therefore, this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt. I will break both his arms, the good arm as well as the broken one, and make the sword fall from his hand. I will disperse the Egyptians among the nations and scatter them through the countries. I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon and put my sword in his hand, but I will break the arms of Pharaoh, and he will groan before him like a mortally wounded man. I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, but the arms of Pharaoh will fall limp. Then they will know that I am the LORD, when I put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon and he brandishes it against Egypt. I will disperse the Egyptians among the nations and scatter them through the countries. Then they will know that I am the LORD.’ Ezekiel 30:20-26

The date of this message against Pharaoh was 586 B.C., the year that Jerusalem fell. While Nebuchadnezzar was besieging Jerusalem, the Egyptians came up to help Judah.

But Nebuchadnezzar temporarily left his siege of Jerusalem, and engaged the Egyptians, whom he defeated and sent back to Egypt. Then again in 582/581 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar took his army into Egypt and ravaged the land.

The prophecy here made by Ezekiel possibly refers to the 582/581 attack of Nebuchadnezzar against Egypt.

Go To Ezekiel 31



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