Scriptures

Ezekiel 25

Introduction

Jeremiah’s prophecies during the siege are from Zedekiah inquires of his fate, Jeremiah 21:1-2.

A lasting Jerusalem, Jeremiah 31:38-40.

Ezekiel’s prophecies during the siege

Predictions of judgment upon the foreign, heathen, nations. Ezekiel 25-32.

Summary

God speaks against seven nations. We are given two major lessons:

‘If God will not tolerate ungodliness and insolence in his own people he will certainly not tolerate it in others.’

‘God is no local deity whose power is limited to the land of Palestine. He can reach out and judge nations wherever they live for he is Lord of all.’ McGuiggan.

These chapters are here primarily for Israel’s sake. Ezekiel 28:24-26. It is highly unlikely that the nations round about Judah ever heard Ezekiel make these statements and also unlikely that the prophet ever travelled to these places.

The understanding of these prophecies is not essential to the scope of the book, so in this study we will note the sin of each nation, its reason for punishment and a few important points only on the way through. The time for these prophecies against the nations that surrounded Israel came before the announcement of the fall of Jerusalem. All these nations were related in some way to Israel through Abraham.

Throughout their history, they seem to have manifested their envy that Israel was considered the chosen people of God, and not their forefathers from whom they originated. Because they possibly dealt in an envious manner toward their relative, Israel, they rejoiced when she was humbled through destruction and captivity.

‘The word of the LORD came to me: ‘Son of man, set your face against the Ammonites and prophesy against them. Say to them, ‘Hear the word of the Sovereign LORD. This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Because you said ‘Aha!’ over my sanctuary when it was desecrated and over the land of Israel when it was laid waste and over the people of Judah when they went into exile, therefore I am going to give you to the people of the East as a possession. They will set up their camps and pitch their tents among you; they will eat your fruit and drink your milk. I will turn Rabbah into a pasture for camels and Ammon into a resting place for sheep. Then you will know that I am the LORD. For this is what the Sovereign LORD says: Because you have clapped your hands and stamped your feet, rejoicing with all the malice of your heart against the land of Israel, therefore I will stretch out my hand against you and give you as plunder to the nations. I will wipe you out from among the nations and exterminate you from the countries. I will destroy you, and you will know that I am the LORD.’ Ezekiel 25:1-7

Ammon. (588 B.C.)

Sin: They rejoiced over the desolation of Israel.

When Nebuchadnezzar finally brought an end to Judah through the destruction of Jerusalem, Ammon rejoiced. Ammon rejoiced when the temple was defiled and the land laid waste. She possibly saw Judah’s demise as revenge for what had formerly transpired when Israel conquered her many years before when they were entering the promised land. Judges 10:9-11:40.

When the northern kingdom of Israel fell in 722/721 B.C., the Ammonites reclaimed the territory that was formerly taken from them, Jeremiah 49:1. She then attacked the southern kingdom of Judah in 600 B.C. Because of her resentment and evil actions toward Judah, the judgment that would be brought on her would result in her termination from history as a nation. The Ammonites would be assimilated into the world powers that would control the Near East, and thus go out of existence as a nation of people.

‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘Because Moab and Seir said, ‘Look, Judah has become like all the other nations,’ therefore I will expose the flank of Moab, beginning at its frontier towns—Beth Jeshimoth, Baal Meon and Kiriathaim—the glory of that land. I will give Moab along with the Ammonites to the people of the East as a possession, so that the Ammonites will not be remembered among the nations; and I will inflict punishment on Moab. Then they will know that I am the LORD.’ Ezekiel 25:8-11

Moab

Sin: They ignored the family ties between the two nations. Jeremiah 48 / Jeremiah 25:8.

Israel was arrogant in the fact that she was the chosen of God. When she went into apostasy by adopting the idol gods of her neighbours, then her neighbours said that she was no different than them. When Jerusalem fell, and the temple was destroyed, the nations mocked Israel, reaffirming their claim that she too was only another nation of the world like them. Since Israel could no longer claim to have the special protection of her God, then she could no longer claim to be the special people of God.

‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘Because Edom took revenge on Judah and became very guilty by doing so, therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I will stretch out my hand against Edom and kill both man and beast. I will lay it waste, and from Teman to Dedan they will fall by the sword. I will take vengeance on Edom by the hand of my people Israel, and they will deal with Edom in accordance with my anger and my wrath; they will know my vengeance, declares the Sovereign LORD.’ Ezekiel 25:12-14

Edom

Sin: Revenge on their brother nation. Obadiah 10ff.

From the day that Israel came out of Egyptian captivity, the Edomites were antagonistic against Israel. These descendants of Esau seemed never to forgive Abraham for allowing their forefather to be cast out of his camp, Genesis 35:22-36:43.

Their hatred of Israel led them to work against God’s plan through Israel. Because of their work against the plan of God, they brought judgment on themselves, which judgment meant their extinction from history, Ezekiel 35:1-36:15.

Their hatred went so far as to murder the Israelites who escaped from Jerusalem when it was under siege by the Babylonians.

‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘Because the Philistines acted in vengeance and took revenge with malice in their hearts, and with ancient hostility sought to destroy Judah, therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I am about to stretch out my hand against the Philistines, and I will wipe out the Kerethites and destroy those remaining along the coast. I will carry out great vengeance on them and punish them in my wrath. Then they will know that I am the LORD, when I take vengeance on them.’ Ezekiel 25:15-17

Philistia

Sin: Continual vengefulness.

From the time Joshua led the Israelites into the land of promise, the Philistines were the continual antagonist against Israel’s possession of the land, Judges 3:31 / Judges 14:1-16 / 1 Samuel 4:1-6 / 2 Chronicles 26:6-7.

Because the Israelites had throughout their history defeated the Philistines on many occasions, they harboured an ongoing hatred of Israel. When Israel fell, they rejoiced over her demise. Because of their actions against Israel, God’s prophets pronounced their certain demise and extinction from history, Isaiah 14:29-32 / Jeremiah 25:20 / Amos 1:6-8.

Kerethites was another name for the Philistines. This name was possibly given to the Philistines before the Israelites arrived in Palestine, for they had migrated from Crete, or Caphtor, Deuteronomy 2:23 / Jeremiah 47:4 / Amos 9:7.

Go To Ezekiel 26

 

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"Jesus replied: ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.'"

Matthew 22:37

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