Scriptures

Ezekiel 20

Introduction

The past, present, and future of Israel

Judah’s persistent rebellion. Ezekiel 20:1-32.

Date, occasion, and theme of the discourse to follow. Ezekiel 20:1-3.

Election of Israel in Egypt. Its resistance to commandments of God. Ezekiel 20:1-3.

Behaviour of Israel in the wilderness. Ezekiel 20:4-9.

The generation that grew up in the wilderness. Ezekiel 20:18-26.

Israel committed these sins in Canaan also, and to this day; therefore, God will not allow the idolatrous generation to inquire of Him. Ezekiel 20:27-32.

Chastisement followed by restoration. Ezekiel 20:33-44.

The judgment awaiting Israel of purification among the heathen. Ezekiel 20:33-39.

The ultimate gathering of Israel, and its conversion. Ezekiel 20:40-44.

Summary

Ezekiel gives the elders a review of their history. Their idolatry is bringing the judgement. In the following year, 590 B.C. God once again chastises Israel, citing the long history of rebellion, and his repeated reluctance to bring about their ultimate punishment against them. He reminds Israel that they continue to be as sinful as their father, but that a day is coming when God’s chosen ones will be an obedient and holy people.

In the Hebrew Bible the chapter consists of 1-44; for verses 45-49 are place in Ezekiel 21. 1-44 may be taken as a unit divided into two parts verses 1-33 describe the apostasies of the house of Judah and verses 35-44 it speaks of restoration.

‘In the seventh year, in the fifth month on the tenth day, some of the elders of Israel came to inquire of the LORD, and they sat down in front of me. Then the word of the LORD came to me: ‘Son of man, speak to the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Have you come to inquire of me? As surely as I live, I will not let you inquire of me, declares the Sovereign LORD.’ ‘Will you judge them? Will you judge them, son of man? Then confront them with the detestable practices of their ancestors.’ Ezekiel 20:1-4

The Visit of the Elders

The year is now 590 B.C. and we are nearing the closing stages in this part of Israel’s history. Once again, the elders come to Ezekiel. Probably the same group who came in Ezekiel 8:1 and Ezekiel 14:1. From God’s comments to the prophet, it looks as if they are still in the same condition as they were back then.

‘And say to them: ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: On the day I chose Israel, I swore with uplifted hand to the descendants of Jacob and revealed myself to them in Egypt. With uplifted hand I said to them, ‘I am the LORD your God.’ On that day I swore to them that I would bring them out of Egypt into a land I had searched out for them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most beautiful of all lands. And I said to them, ‘Each of you, get rid of the vile images you have set your eyes on, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.’ ‘But they rebelled against me and would not listen to me; they did not get rid of the vile images they had set their eyes on, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt. So, I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in Egypt. But for the sake of my name, I brought them out of Egypt. I did it to keep my name from being profaned in the eyes of the nations among whom they lived and in whose sight, I had revealed myself to the Israelites. Therefore, I led them out of Egypt and brought them into the wilderness. I gave them my decrees and made known to them my laws, by which the person who obeys them will live. Also, I gave them my Sabbaths as a sign between us, so they would know that I the LORD made them holy. ‘Yet the people of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness. They did not follow my decrees but rejected my laws—by which the person who obeys them will live—and they utterly desecrated my Sabbaths. So, I said I would pour out my wrath on them and destroy them in the wilderness. But for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out. Also, with uplifted hand I swore to them in the wilderness that I would not bring them into the land I had given them—a land flowing with milk and honey, the most beautiful of all lands—because they rejected my laws and did not follow my decrees and desecrated my Sabbaths. For their hearts were devoted to their idols. Yet I looked on them with pity and did not destroy them or put an end to them in the wilderness. I said to their children in the wilderness, ‘Do not follow the statutes of your parents or keep their laws or defile yourselves with their idols. I am the LORD your God; follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws. Keep my Sabbaths holy, that they may be a sign between us. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God.’ ‘But the children rebelled against me: They did not follow my decrees, they were not careful to keep my laws, of which I said, ‘The person who obeys them will live by them,” and they desecrated my Sabbaths. So, I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in the wilderness. But I withheld my hand, and for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out. Also, with uplifted hand I swore to them in the wilderness that I would disperse them among the nations and scatter them through the countries, because they had not obeyed my laws but had rejected my decrees and desecrated my Sabbaths, and their eyes lusted after their parents’ idols. So, I gave them other statutes that were not good and laws through which they could not live; I defiled them through their gifts—the sacrifice of every firstborn—that I might fill them with horror, so they would know that I am the LORD.’ Ezekiel 20:5-26

From Egypt to Sinai

We are given a historical survey of the idolatry of the people of Israel. This time it is not figurative or done in an allegorical fashion; this is fact. A survey of the historical material in Genesis to Deuteronomy will show up the constant desire to return to Egypt, to rebel against God and the to practice idolatry.

As with the figurative picture in Ezekiel 16, we see how God gave her all she needed and was patient and merciful toward her. Ezekiel 20:6 / Ezekiel 20:11-12 / Ezekiel 20:15-17, etc. However, there were times when God allowed them to go the way they wanted. Ezekiel 20:25f.

‘Therefore, son of man, speak to the people of Israel and say to them, ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: In this also your ancestors blasphemed me by being unfaithful to me: When I brought them into the land I had sworn to give them and they saw any high hill or any leafy tree, there they offered their sacrifices, made offerings that aroused my anger, presented their fragrant incense and poured out their drink offerings. Then I said to them: What is this high place you go to?’ (It is called Bamah to this day.) Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Will you defile yourselves the way your ancestors did and lust after their vile images? When you offer your gifts—the sacrifice of your children in the fire—you continue to defile yourselves with all your idols to this day. Am I to let you inquire of me, you Israelites? As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, I will not let you inquire of me. ‘You say, “We want to be like the nations, like the peoples of the world, who serve wood and stone.’ But what you have in mind will never happen. As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, I will reign over you with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath. I will bring you from the nations and gather you from the countries where you have been scattered—with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath. I will bring you into the wilderness of the nations and there, face to face, I will execute judgment upon you. As I judged your ancestors in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will judge you, declares the Sovereign LORD. I will take note of you as you pass under my rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant. I will purge you of those who revolt and rebel against me. Although I will bring them out of the land where they are living, yet they will not enter the land of Israel. Then you will know that I am the LORD. ‘As for you, people of Israel, this is what the Sovereign LORD says: Go and serve your idols, every one of you! But afterward you will surely listen to me and no longer profane my holy name with your gifts and idols.’ Ezekiel 20:27-39

In Canaan

The idolatrous tendency continued in the land. Ezekiel 20:28 / Ezekiel 20:31, etc. Ezekiel and the people need to see that over and over again God has helped them, they have then rejected Him and gone and done their own thing.

There is a good example of Romans 1:26 ‘God gave them up’ in Ezekiel 20:39. Their continual following after idols causes God to just let them get on with it. If that is what they want to do, then OK. He will allow them their choice. But they must expect judgement because of their rebellion.

The judgement is pictured as God being a shepherd. Ezekiel 20:37. The shepherd would make the sheep pass under the rod that he might pick out his own. This is what God will do with them.

‘For on my holy mountain, the high mountain of Israel, declares the Sovereign LORD, there in the land all the people of Israel will serve me, and there I will accept them. There I will require your offerings and your choice gifts, along with all your holy sacrifices. I will accept you as fragrant incense when I bring you out from the nations and gather you from the countries where you have been scattered, and I will be proved holy through you in the sight of the nations. Then you will know that I am the LORD, when I bring you into the land of Israel, the land I had sworn with uplifted hand to give to your ancestors. There you will remember your conduct and all the actions by which you have defiled yourselves, and you will loathe yourselves for all the evil you have done. You will know that I am the LORD, when I deal with you for my name’s sake and not according to your evil ways and your corrupt practices, you people of Israel, declares the Sovereign LORD.’ Ezekiel 20:40-44

The Restoration

Again, in the midst of the judgement we have God’s promise for a remnant who would return to the land. And again, we see that it is God who supplies, allows and sustains that remnant.

When this happens, God will

‘manifest my holiness among you in the sight of the nations’.

This will show all that God could have kept them there in the first place. Some might think the God of the Israelites was unable to keep them from the power of the Babylonians. Him bringing them back would prove He could have kept them there.

Please note that Ezekiel 20:45 should be taken up to Ezekiel 21:32. Summary Jerusalem will be punished with a flaming sword. Babylon will be God’s executor of judgement. Priestly and kingly authority will be removed from Judah. Ammon will also be judged by God. Because of Israel’s rebellion, judgment has already come against the northern tribes, and God’s vengeance is poised against Judah.

Ezekiel now sees the sword of judgment coming, He turns his face Southward, and brings still other pronouncements against Judah’s sin. Perhaps the judgements keep coming because, so few people have believed so far in his message.

As Ezekiel complains, they think he is simply bringing nice little parables, interesting sermons, from which they derive some entertainment. Hence the picture of a sword, perhaps this will get their attention.

Imminence of Jerusalem’s destruction

The burning forest and the sword of the Lord. Ezekiel 20:45-21:32. The Burning Forest, a fire kindled by the Lord. Ezekiel 20:45-49. The sword of the Lord. Ezekiel 21:1-32. Its disastrous effects. Ezekiel 21:1-7. The sword sharpened for slaying. Ezekiel 21:8-17.

The sword of the king of Babylon will smite Jerusalem, then smite the Ammonites also. Ezekiel 21:18-23. The prophecy will appear to Judeans as deceptive but will be verified. Ezekiel 21:24-27. Overthrow of the Ammonites. Ezekiel 21:28-32.

‘The word of the LORD came to me: ‘Son of man, set your face toward the south; preach against the south and prophesy against the forest of the southland. Say to the southern forest: ‘Hear the word of the LORD. This is what the Sovereign LORD says: I am about to set fire to you, and it will consume all your trees, both green and dry. The blazing flame will not be quenched, and every face from south to north will be scorched by it. Everyone will see that I the LORD have kindled it; it will not be quenched.’ Then I said, ‘Sovereign LORD, they are saying of me, ‘Isn’t he just telling parables?’ Ezekiel 20:45-49

The Parable of the Fire

Here the prophet is told to prophecy toward the south or the Negeb. The picture is of a great fire, and unquenchable fire spreading throughout all the south land. It originates with the Lord and it will consume the dry and the green tree. This is a hot fire.

Note verse 49, the people were making fun of Ezekiel just as they did to Jeremiah.

Go To Ezekiel 21

 

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."

Genesis 1:1

MENU