Complete Study Of The Book Of Exodus


The five books of Moses were collectively called the Pentateuch, a word of Greek origin meaning ‘the five-fold book.’ The Jews called them the Torah, i.e., ‘the law.’ It’s probable that the division of the Torah into five books proceeded from the Greek translators of the Old Testament. The names by which these several books are generally known are Greek. Genesis through to Deuteronomy is known as the Torah which means Law. In Greek, the word Pentateuch is ‘Pente’ which means five and ‘uch’ which means Law.

The Book

The Book of Exodus is basically a follow on from the end of the Book of Genesis. The word, ‘exodus’ simply means ‘going out’, when we read through the book, we see that focus is on the departure of the children of Israel from Egypt. Several years have gone by between the time of the events described in the closing chapters of Genesis and those of the beginning of Exodus, 430 years in total, Exodus 12:40-41.

At the end of the book of Genesis, the Hebrews were living in the fertile land of Goshen and were being fed from the granaries of Egypt. At the beginning of the Book of Exodus, the Hebrews are seen as slaves of the Egyptians, a nation without a country or a national totally unaware that this was part of God’s plan. Exodus shows the growth of Israel and the birth of a nation, and the promises of God to Abraham beginning to be fulfilled.


It’s commonly accepted that Moses is the writer of the Book of Exodus, Exodus 17:14 and in the New Testament Jesus, Himself says Moses wrote it, Mark 1:44 / John 5:46-47 / John 7:19-22 / Acts 26:22.

Moses’ life can be broken into three sections of forty years. He spent the first forty years of his life in Egypt preparing to carry out God’s plan to lead Israel out of Egyptian captivity. Because he was raised in the Egyptian palace by the daughter of Pharaoh, Moses was trained in all the skills of Egyptian leadership.

He spent the next forty years when he fled for refuge in the wilderness, it’s here, he spent learning the skills of desert-dwelling at the feet of his father-in-law, Jethro.

After being called by God to deliver Israel out of Egypt, Moses spent another forty years using his skills of leadership to lead free the nation of Israel and lead them to the promised land.


The sufferings of Israel. Exodus 1:8-7:7
A manifestation of God’s providential guidance of Israel, illustrated by the ten plagues. Exodus 7:8-13:16
The guiding of the people of Sinai. Exodus 13:17-18:27
The making of the covenant at Sinai, together with the reception of the Ten Commandments. Exodus 19:1-24:18
Directions for the building of the tabernacle. Exodus 24:18-31:18
The renewing of the covenant after the sinful actions of the Israelites in connection with the making of the golden
calf. Exodus 32:1-35:3.
The actual building and dedication of the tabernacle of the Lord. Exodus 35:4-40:38

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Complete Study Of The Book Of Exodus  


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