Scriptures

2 Kings 9

Introduction

As we enter this chapter we read about Jehu, who reigned in the Northern Kingdom of Israel from 841 to 814 B.C. What is important about this chapter is seen in the fact that when he is anointed as king, this actually brought an end to the of the house of Ahab.

‘The prophet Elisha summoned a man from the company of the prophets and said to him, ‘Tuck your cloak into your belt, take this flask of olive oil with you and go to Ramoth Gilead. When you get there, look for Jehu son of Jehoshaphat, the son of Nimshi. Go to him, get him away from his companions and take him into an inner room. Then take the flask and pour the oil on his head and declare, ‘This is what the LORD says: I anoint you king over Israel.’ Then open the door and run; don’t delay!’ So the young prophet went to Ramoth Gilead. When he arrived, he found the army officers sitting together. ‘I have a message for you, commander,’ he said. ‘For which of us?’ asked Jehu. ‘For you, commander,’ he replied. Jehu got up and went into the house. Then the prophet poured the oil on Jehu’s head and declared, ‘This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘I anoint you king over the LORD’s people Israel. You are to destroy the house of Ahab your master, and I will avenge the blood of my servants the prophets and the blood of all the LORD’s servants shed by Jezebel. The whole house of Ahab will perish. I will cut off from Ahab every last male in Israel—slave or free. I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam son of Nebat and like the house of Baasha son of Ahijah. As for Jezebel, dogs will devour her on the plot of ground at Jezreel, and no one will bury her.’ Then he opened the door and ran.’ 2 Kings 9:1-10

Jehu Anointed King Of Israel

The anointing of Jehu as king of Israel, was first given to Elijah, 1 Kings 19:6, Elijah then gave Elisha, his servant, the task of doing this. In these verses, we read that Elisha giving his servant, that is one of the sons of the prophets, to carry out the command originally given to Elijah.

The servant was to tuck his cloak into his belt and take a flask of olive oil. This oil was the holy oil, the anointing oil, which was mixed with other ingredients, Exodus 30:23-25.

After his anointing, Jehu is given the task of restoring Israel, he was to do this by destroying any influence which may come from the house of Ahab and his descendants. God wanted to remove all the idolatrous behaviour from the Northern Kingdom of Israel. Jehu did this by going after the leaders, some of whom were related to Ahab and Jezebel and some of whom were the false prophets of Baal.

Back in 1 Kings 15:29, we read about the destruction of the house of Jeroboam and back in 1 Kings 16:9-12, we read about the destruction of the house of Baasha. In other words, the house of Ahab had been warned twice about their fate because they turned God and His ways, and of course Ahab himself had been personally warned of his fate back in 1 Kings 21:21-26.

We must remember that the end of Ahab’s reign and dynasty would have happened a lot quicker, if he didn’t repent as he did earlier. God told him his punishment wasn’t going to happen in his life time, but in the lifetime of his son, Joram, 1 Kings 21:29.

‘When Jehu went out to his fellow officers, one of them asked him, ‘Is everything all right? Why did this maniac come to you?’ ‘You know the man and the sort of things he says,’ Jehu replied. ‘That’s not true!’ they said. ‘Tell us.’ Jehu said, ‘Here is what he told me: ‘This is what the LORD says: I anoint you king over Israel.’ They quickly took their cloaks and spread them under him on the bare steps. Then they blew the trumpet and shouted, ‘Jehu is king!’ 2 Kings 9:11-13

I find it amusing that the people thought that God’s true prophets were maniacs and yet their own false prophets were sane. This is nothing new because madness was widely associated with prophecy in the Old Testament, Jeremiah 20:26 / Hosea 9:7.

Nothing much has changed today, many people look at Christians as if they are mad for believing in God, while they believe that they are sane because they believe in evolution or atheism.

When we read these verses, we can see how much the officers of Joram, didn’t like him. There’s almost as sense of relief in their actions and an over the top reaction towards their new king.

1. They spread their garments for Jehu to walk upon, much like what happened when Christ walked into Jerusalem, Luke 19:29-40.

2. They blew the trumpet, which was always associated with proclaiming a new king.

3. They shouted, ‘Jehu is king!’

Because all the leaders of the army took part in the proclamation that Jehu was king, this meant that the anointing of Jehu as their new king was a complete success.

‘So Jehu son of Jehoshaphat, the son of Nimshi, conspired against Joram. (Now Joram and all Israel had been defending Ramoth Gilead against Hazael king of Aram, but King Joram had returned to Jezreel to recover from the wounds the Arameans had inflicted on him in the battle with Hazael king of Aram.) Jehu said, ‘If you desire to make me king, don’t let anyone slip out of the city to go and tell the news in Jezreel.’ Then he got into his chariot and rode to Jezreel, because Joram was resting there and Ahaziah king of Judah had gone down to see him.’ 2 Kings 9:14-16

It appears that Jehu started planning some kind of conspiracy against Joram, but these plans may have already been in the pipe line before he was announced king, 2 Chronicles 22:7-9.

We don’t really know what Jehu’s motives are but now that he is king, he can now put his plans into action. It appears that those who were associated with Jehu immediately proceeded to proclaim him as king, now all of Israel was under the command of Jehu.

Coffman, in his commentary writes the following.

‘Once any man was proclaimed king during the reign of another king, that automatically meant the death of one of them, or the engagement of a long civil war. Jehu said, in effect. All right, you have made me king; now, whatever you do, do not let anyone leave here with that kind of information to be told in Jezreel. And Jehu took a detachment of the troops and headed for Jezreel to kill the king.’

Jehu Kills Joram And Ahaziah

‘When the lookout standing on the tower in Jezreel saw Jehu’s troops approaching, he called out, ‘I see some troops coming.’ ‘Get a horseman,’ Joram ordered. ‘Send him to meet them and ask, ‘Do you come in peace?’ The horseman rode off to meet Jehu and said, ‘This is what the king says: ‘Do you come in peace?’ ‘What do you have to do with peace?’ Jehu replied. ‘Fall in behind me.’ The lookout reported, ‘The messenger has reached them, but he isn’t coming back.’ So the king sent out a second horseman. When he came to them he said, ‘This is what the king says: ‘Do you come in peace?’ Jehu replied, ‘What do you have to do with peace? Fall in behind me.’ The lookout reported, ‘He has reached them, but he isn’t coming back either. The driving is like that of Jehu son of Nimshi—he drives like a maniac.’ ‘Hitch up my chariot,’ Joram ordered. And when it was hitched up, Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah rode out, each in his own chariot, to meet Jehu. They met him at the plot of ground that had belonged to Naboth the Jezreelite. When Joram saw Jehu he asked, ‘Have you come in peace, Jehu?’ ‘How can there be peace,’ Jehu replied, ‘as long as all the idolatry and witchcraft of your mother Jezebel abound?’ Joram turned about and fled, calling out to Ahaziah, ‘Treachery, Ahaziah!’ Then Jehu drew his bow and shot Joram between the shoulders. The arrow pierced his heart and he slumped down in his chariot. Jehu said to Bidkar, his chariot officer, ‘Pick him up and throw him on the field that belonged to Naboth the Jezreelite. Remember how you and I were riding together in chariots behind Ahab his father when the LORD spoke this prophecy against him: ‘Yesterday I saw the blood of Naboth and the blood of his sons, declares the LORD, and I will surely make you pay for it on this plot of ground, declares the LORD.’ Now then, pick him up and throw him on that plot, in accordance with the word of the LORD.’ 2 Kings 9:17-26

Joram sends out two horsemen to ask if Jehu comes in peace, but neither of them return because they switch allegiance and join Jehu.

We have to wonder, why didn’t Joram see the warning signs when the first messenger didn’t return or even when the second messenger didn’t return?

I guess it’s possible he was trying to buy some time to get prepared for war, but more than likely, he was just like his father, who never saw the obvious, 2 Kings 1:9-13.

Joram and Ahaziah rode out and met Jehu at the plot of ground that had belonged to Naboth the Jezreelite. Remember, Naboth’s vineyard, which was his inheritance, had been stolen by Ahab and Jezebel, and so this is the perfect place bring down the house of Ahab, 1 Kings 21:19.

It’s quite clear that Ahab and Jezebel’s sinful actions were, they were involved in idolatry and witchcraft, and it’s quite clear that these practices were carried on by their son, hence why Joram was killed and Ahab’s household was coming to an end.

Because Jehu understood that his mission was from God, that he was to destroy the house of Ahab, he doesn’t hang around in the task of killing all the descendants of Ahab and Jezebel.

‘When Ahaziah king of Judah saw what had happened, he fled up the road to Beth Haggan. Jehu chased him, shouting, ‘Kill him too!’ They wounded him in his chariot on the way up to Gur near Ibleam, but he escaped to Megiddo and died there. His servants took him by chariot to Jerusalem and buried him with his ancestors in his tomb in the City of David. (In the eleventh year of Joram son of Ahab, Ahaziah had become king of Judah.)’ 2 Kings 9:27-29

Ahaziah had a good friendship with Joram and because of this friendship, Ahaziah joined in with the house of Ahab’s sinfulness. This is the reason why Jehu said that he too should be killed.

Although God had willed the execution of the house of Omri, to whose dynasty Ahab and his evil family belonged, Jehu’s murderous deeds in their totality were not approved of God.

Jezebel Killed

‘Then Jehu went to Jezreel. When Jezebel heard about it, she put on eye makeup, arranged her hair and looked out of a window. As Jehu entered the gate, she asked, ‘Have you come in peace, you Zimri, you murderer of your master?’ He looked up at the window and called out, ‘Who is on my side? Who?’ Two or three eunuchs looked down at him. ‘Throw her down!’ Jehu said. So they threw her down, and some of her blood spattered the wall and the horses as they trampled her underfoot. Jehu went in and ate and drank. ‘Take care of that cursed woman,’ he said, ‘and bury her, for she was a king’s daughter.’ But when they went out to bury her, they found nothing except her skull, her feet and her hands. They went back and told Jehu, who said, ‘This is the word of the LORD that he spoke through his servant Elijah the Tishbite: On the plot of ground at Jezreel dogs will devour Jezebel’s flesh. Jezebel’s body will be like dung on the ground in the plot at Jezreel, so that no one will be able to say, ‘This is Jezebel.’ 2 Kings 9:30-37

Notice when Jehu went to Jezreel, Jezebel prepared herself to look good, she was probably thinking if she did this, she would receive some kind of mercy from Jehu.

It appears that she knew that Jehu was going to kill her too and so she reminds him of Zimri who was also murdered in order to seize the throne, 1 Kings 16:8-10.

At that point two eunuchs appeared at the window near Jezebel, and then a third, it’s then that Jehu asks for loyalty to him and they have no hesitation in doing so.

This resulted in Jezebel being thrown out of the window, and to show how much they hated Jezebel, they trampled over her body with horses. Since she was the daughter of a king, Jehu wanted to bury her, but it was too late because the dogs had already eaten most of her body. This was the fulfilment of Elijah’s prophecy concerning Jezebel’s death, 1 Kings 21:23.

Her sin was that she brought her own gods to Israel, namely Baal and Astarte and sadly, Jezebel’s influence was still very much alive, metaphorically, by the time we get to the New Testament, Revelation 2:20.

Go To 2 Kings 10

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do."

Ephesians 2:10

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