Scriptures

2 Chronicles 5

Introduction

‘When all the work Solomon had done for the temple of the LORD was finished, he brought in the things his father David had dedicated—the silver and gold and all the furnishings—and he placed them in the treasuries of God’s temple.’ 2 Chronicles 5:1

Solomon had brought everything David had dedicated and placed them in the treasuries of the Lord’s temple. This gives us the impression that the temple also functioned as some kind of national treasury.

We know that the temple functioned like a community centre for the people and so the people would deposit their valuables in there.

The Ark Brought To The Temple

‘Then Solomon summoned to Jerusalem the elders of Israel, all the heads of the tribes and the chiefs of the Israelite families, to bring up the ark of the LORD’s covenant from Zion, the City of David. And all the Israelites came together to the king at the time of the festival in the seventh month. When all the elders of Israel had arrived, the Levites took up the ark, and they brought up the ark and the tent of meeting and all the sacred furnishings in it. The Levitical priests carried them up; and King Solomon and the entire assembly of Israel that had gathered about him were before the ark, sacrificing so many sheep and cattle that they could not be recorded or counted. The priests then brought the ark of the LORD’s covenant to its place in the inner sanctuary of the temple, the Most Holy Place, and put it beneath the wings of the cherubim. The cherubim spread their wings over the place of the ark and covered the ark and its carrying poles. These poles were so long that their ends, extending from the ark, could be seen from in front of the inner sanctuary, but not from outside the Holy Place; and they are still there today. There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets that Moses had placed in it at Horeb, where the LORD made a covenant with the Israelites after they came out of Egypt. The priests then withdrew from the Holy Place. All the priests who were there had consecrated themselves, regardless of their divisions. All the Levites who were musicians—Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun and their sons and relatives—stood on the east side of the altar, dressed in fine linen and playing cymbals, harps and lyres. They were accompanied by 120 priests sounding trumpets. The trumpeters and musicians joined in unison to give praise and thanks to the LORD. Accompanied by trumpets, cymbals and other instruments, the singers raised their voices in praise to the LORD and sang: “He is good; his love endures forever.” Then the temple of the LORD was filled with the cloud, and the priests could not perform their service because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the temple of God.’ 2 Chronicles 5:2-14

Solomon requests that the ark of the covenant be brought from the tabernacle which was located in the city of David and placed inside the temple, when the temple was finished being built, 2 Chronicles 5:2-6:11.

The festival in the month of Ethanim was the feast of tabernacles, Deuteronomy 16:13, this was one of the great feasts where everyone was required to attend.

It would have been roughly a year between the dedication of the temple and the complete work of finishing it. The feast of tabernacles took place on the seventh month, and Solomon had finished the building work on the temple on the eight month, 1 Kings 6:37-38.

When the Israelites returned from Babylonian captivity the month of Ethanim, would be changed to the month of Tishri.

After sacrificing so many sheep and cattle, which couldn’t be counted the priests lay the ark in the inner sanctuary of the temple. After the ark of the covenant was placed inside the inner sanctuary, the text tells us that ‘the cherubim spread their wings over the place of the ark’.

These cherubim described here were different from the ones from the time of Moses, the ones in the time of Moses were firmly fixed to the lid of the ark, Exodus 37:7.

Notice that the poles, which were used to carry the ark were so long, they could be seen from the Holy Place. This again, tells us that Solomon never put a curtain between the holy place and most holy place, Exodus 26:31-35 / 2 Samuel 7:2 / Matthew 27:51.

Notice also that inside the ark were only two stone tablets, these would have been the ten commandments which Moses received at Mount Sinai, Exodus 25:16.

It’s possible that Aaron’s staff, Numbers 17:10 / Hebrews 9:4, and the golden pot of hidden manna, Exodus 16:33-34 / Hebrews 9:4, were placed in front of the ark, Exodus 16:33-34 / Numbers 17:25.

The priests could perform their service because of the Lord’s glory, the cloud represented God’s presence, Exodus 40:34-38. It appears that the Lord’s glory was too much for the priests, just as it was for Moses, Leviticus 16:2-13 / Deuteronomy 4:24 / Exodus 40:35.

Solomon says, ‘the LORD has said that he would dwell in a dark cloud’, 1 Kings 8:12. It would be dark in the holy of holies because there were no windows, and here this darkness is associated with the dark storm cloud which came over Mount Horeb at the giving of the Law, Exodus 20:18 / Psalm 18:10-11.

Go To 2 Chronicles 6

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"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."

Genesis 1:1

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