‘After Rehoboam’s position as king was established and he had become strong, he and all Israel with him abandoned the law of the LORD. Because they had been unfaithful to the LORD, Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem in the fifth year of King Rehoboam. With twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen and the innumerable troops of Libyans, Sukkites and Cushites that came with him from Egypt, he captured the fortified cities of Judah and came as far as Jerusalem. Then the prophet Shemaiah came to Rehoboam and to the leaders of Judah who had assembled in Jerusalem for fear of Shishak, and he said to them, “This is what the LORD says, ‘You have abandoned me; therefore, I now abandon you to Shishak.’” The leaders of Israel and the king humbled themselves and said, “The LORD is just.” When the LORD saw that they humbled themselves, this word of the LORD came to Shemaiah: “Since they have humbled themselves, I will not destroy them but will soon give them deliverance. My wrath will not be poured out on Jerusalem through Shishak. They will, however, become subject to him, so that they may learn the difference between serving me and serving the kings of other lands.” When Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem, he carried off the treasures of the temple of the LORD and the treasures of the royal palace. He took everything, including the gold shields Solomon had made. So King Rehoboam made bronze shields to replace them and assigned these to the commanders of the guard on duty at the entrance to the royal palace. Whenever the king went to the LORD’s temple, the guards went with him, bearing the shields, and afterward, they returned them to the guardroom. Because Rehoboam humbled himself, the LORD’s anger turned from him, and he was not totally destroyed. Indeed, there was some good in Judah. King Rehoboam established himself firmly in Jerusalem and continued as king. He was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel in which to put his Name. His mother’s name was Naamah; she was an Ammonite. He did evil because he had not set his heart on seeking the LORD. As for the events of Rehoboam’s reign, from beginning to end, are they not written in the records of Shemaiah the prophet and of Iddo the seer that deal with genealogies? There was continual warfare between Rehoboam and Jeroboam. Rehoboam rested with his ancestors and was buried in the City of David. And Abijah his son succeeded him as king.’ 2 Chronicles 12:1-16
Shishak Attacks Jerusalem
The reason why Shishak went to war against Jerusalem was because Israel was unfaithful to God. In other words, it was God Himself who caused this to happen because Israel rebelled against God’s law, 1 Kings 14:25-28. They would now know the difference between serving God and serving Shishak, 1 Kings 14:25-26.
Shishak carried off the treasures of the house of the Lord. Pharaoh Sheshonk I is probably the Shishak that’s mentioned in this text. He was the one who provided refuge for Jeroboam when he fled from Solomon, 1 Kings 11:40. However, after the kingdom of Israel was divided, Jeroboam possibly fell out of approval with the Egyptian Pharaoh.
Coffman, in his commentary, says the following.
‘The Chronicler did not dwell unnecessarily upon the details of Rehoboam’s wickedness, but it was very great indeed. His wickedness exceeded anything that his fathers had done before him. The sodomites were brought into the land, the high places were built, and Israel even sinned beyond that of the ancient Canaanites who preceded Israel in Palestine. A fuller account of all this is in 1 Kings 14:21-24.
God had forbidden the Israelites to intermarry with foreigners, but Rehoboam’s mother was an Ammonitess.
What’s really sad about all this is after David and Solomon had gathered all this silver and gold, it was all taken by Shishak within five years of the death of Solomon. All the burden of Solomon’s taxation of the people ended up in Egypt in the temples of pagan gods.
Go To 2 Chronicles 13