The Gospel of Luke is an incredible account of the person and ministry of Jesus and the way Luke presents his account is so easy to understand and follow. The book itself contains lots of parables and focuses a lot on how Jesus deals with and shows compassion for the poor and the oppressed.
The book was written by Luke but he doesn’t claim to have been an eye-witness of our Lord’s ministry, but to have gone to the best sources of information within his reach, and to have written an orderly narrative of the facts, Luke 1:1-4.
Luke was a Gentile and a literate, educated and intelligent man. He was educated in Science and Medicine. He travelled with the Apostle Paul. It is probable that he was a physician in Troas, and was there converted by Paul, to whom he attached himself.
He accompanied him to Philippi, but didn’t there share his imprisonment, nor did he accompany him further after his release in his missionary journey at this time, Acts 17:1.
On Paul’s third visit to Philippi, Acts 20:5-6, we again meet with Luke, who probably had spent all the intervening time in that city, a period of seven or eight years. From this time Luke was Paul’s constant companion during his journey to Jerusalem, Acts 20:6-38 / Acts 21:1-18.
He again disappears from view during Paul’s imprisonment at Jerusalem and Caesarea and only reappears when Paul sets out for Rome, Acts 27:1, where he accompanies him, Acts 28:2 / Acts 28:12-16, and where he remains with him till the close of his first imprisonment, Philemon 1:24 / Colossians 4:14.
The last notice of the ‘beloved physician’ is in 2 Timothy 4:11. There are many passages in Paul’s epistles, as well as in the writings of Luke, which show the extent and accuracy of his medical knowledge.
Luke wrote most of the New Testament, more than any other writer did, that is, the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts. The Gospel of Luke is the third and longest book in the New Testament.
Luke is writing to one man, Theophilus which means friend of God, a young man and a Roman official, possibly a Christian who wanted to know more. Luke is the first of a two-part work dedicated to the ‘most excellent Theophilus’, Luke 1:3 / Acts 1:1.
The Book of Acts forms the sequel to Luke, with the author explaining in Acts that Luke dealt with ‘all that Jesus began both to do and teach, until the day in which he was taken up’, Acts 1:1-2. No other Gospel has a volume two.
The book was written for Greeks and Gentiles and he wrote an account written to the world. His book contains Greek writings.
Some suggest that the four faces mentioned in Ezekiel 4:10 and Revelation 4:7, represent Jesus in the four Gospels.
Matthew represents the face of the lion which implies Jesus’ kingship, Jesus is from the line of Judah.
Mark, represents the face of the ox, which implies the servant, service, the serving Jesus.
Luke, represents the face of the man, which implies humanity, Jesus is the Son of Man.
John represents the face of the eagle, which molies Jesus’ deity, Jesus is the Son of God.
Matthew was written for Jews and he uses the words ‘as it is written’ throughout his Gospel. Note the genealogy goes back to Abraham, the father of the Jewish nation. Matthew 1:1-17. His point is to remind the Jews that Jesus is the Messiah in fulfilment of the Jewish Law.
Mark is writing to Romans and he simply talks about what Jesus is doing and how busy He is, which is exactly what the Romans were doing building roads etc., they were busy people.
Luke is written for the Greeks and he uses the term, ‘Son of Man’ throughout his Gospel. Notice his genealogy goes back to Adam, his point is that Jesus is for the whole world. Luke 3:23-38.
John is writing to those in Asia and he uses the term ‘Son of God’ throughout his Gospel. His point is to demonstrate that Jesus is the Christ through signs, 8 miracles and 8 ‘I AM’ statements.
Holman, in his dictionary, says the following.
‘Luke’s purpose was to present a historical work ‘in order’, Luke 1:3. Most of his stories fall in chronological sequence. He often gave time indications, Luke 1:5 / Luke 1:5 / Luke 1:26 / Luke 1:26 / Luke 1:36 / Luke 1:36 / Luke 1:56 / Luke 1:56 Luke 1:59 / Luke 2:42 / Luke 3:23 / Luke 9:28 / Luke 12:1 / Luke 12:1 / Luke 12:7. More than any other Gospel writer, Luke connected his story with the larger Jewish and Roman world, Luke 2:1 / Luke 3:1-2.’
No one knows the exact date the book was written but it must have been written before the Book of Acts, the date of the book is generally fixed at about 63 or 64 A.D.
This Gospel was written, therefore, probably about 60 or 63 when Luke may have been at Caesarea in attendance on Paul, who was then a prisoner. Others have suggested that it was written in Rome during Paul’s imprisonment there.
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