Complete Study Of The Book Of 2 Timothy


Paul’s second letter to Timothy is a personal letter to Timothy, which begins with Paul reflecting on Timothy’s sincere faith. Timothy’s mother, Eunice, and his grandmother, Lois, had taught Timothy from a very young age about what faith is all about. Paul sees evidence of this faith in Timothy and is overjoyed that he is displaying in his life what he was taught.

Paul writes this second letter to Timothy to encourage him to be strong in grace and to continue to be unwavering in what he had been taught, especially in light of the upcoming days of apostasy and godlessness. Paul charges Timothy to continue to hold on to ‘the faith’ and to be bold and prepared in all circumstances to preach God’s Word.


The letter itself and other letters that Paul wrote, especially 1 Timothy and Titus, have brought about some criticism as to whether Paul actually wrote them or not, mainly for four reasons.

1. The historical problem.

2. The ecclesiastical problem.

3. The doctrinal problem.

4. The linguistic problem.

It’s difficult to understand where the confusion comes from as Paul clearly tells us it was, he, himself, was the one who actually wrote the letter, 1 Timothy 1:1 / 2 Timothy 2:1 / Titus 1:1.


According to history, Paul was beheaded in Roman imprisonment around A.D. 67. It’s believed that this letter was written during this second imprisonment in Rome and shortly before his death, 2 Timothy 4:6-8. His first letter to Timothy was probably written immediately before or during his first imprisonment around A.D. 61 to 62.

After the first imprisonment, Paul was set free. After a quick trip through Crete, Ephesus and Macedonia, he was arrested again and sent to Rome. This was his last imprisonment during which he was martyred for preaching the Gospel.

Purpose Of The Letter

Paul wanted to encourage Timothy as much as he can, to fine-tune his work in Ephesus where he was to stay as an evangelist. Paul is obviously waiting for the result of his trial in 2 Timothy and makes some requests to Timothy to come and see him before he was put to death, 2 Timothy 4:6.

In 1 Timothy Paul gave him very clear guidelines for choosing church leaders, which he understood even though we don’t entirely understand some points. Also in Titus, it appears to be dealing with the same issue and he encourages him to use more or less the same guidelines for choosing church leaders in Crete.

So in both cases, Paul’s letters of encouragement would have helped them in their demanding tasks. 1 Timothy is written to Timothy’s position as an evangelist and in 2 Timothy, Paul addresses Timothy’s own conduct and behaviour.

Paul’s Last Days

When Paul was released from prison having been found not guilty, probably because there were no witnesses, which appeared against him. He began to carry on with his work again, probably visiting western and eastern Europe and Asia Minor. It was during this period of time he wrote his first letter to Timothy and his letter to Titus.

The year of his release is recognised by the burning of Rome, for which Nero blamed Christians. Persecution broke out against the Christians at this point and Paul was captured again and taken to Rome as a prisoner. It was during this he probably wrote the second letter to Timothy, the last he ever wrote.

There can be little doubt that he appeared again at Nero’s bar, and this time the charge didn’t break down. In all history, there’s not a more startling illustration of the irony of human life than this scene of Paul at the bar of Nero.

On the judgment seat, clad in the imperial purple, sat a man who, in a bad world, had reached the reputation of being the very worst and meanest human being in it, a man stained with every crime, a man whose whole being was so steeped in every nameable and unnameable vice, that body and soul of him were, as someone said at the time, nothing but a compound of mud and blood and in the prisoner’s dock stood the best man the world possessed, his hair whitened with labours for the good of men and the glory of God.

The trial ended and Paul was condemned and delivered to the executioner. He was led out of the city, with a crowd of the lowest rabble at his heels. He was taken to the place of execution and knelt beside the block.

The headsman’s axe gleamed in the sun and fell and the head of the apostle of the world rolled down in the dust as one commentator puts it. This was probably around 66 A.D., four years before the fall of Jerusalem.


His name means, ‘honouring God’, and his mother, Eunice, and his grandmother, Lois, are mentioned as eminent for their piety, 2 Timothy 1:5. We know nothing of his father but that he was a Greek, Acts 16:1. Timothy became a new convert of Paul the apostle on his first missionary journey, 1 Timothy 1:2 / 1 Timothy 1:18 / Acts 14:6-23, and Timothy became a devoted travelling companion of Pauls.

Timothy was a native of Lystra, and he was with Paul when he was imprisoned in Rome. Paul mentions that Timothy made the journey from Rome to Philippi, Philippians 2:19-23. Sometime later became the minister of the church at Ephesus, and Paul the apostle addresses his letter to Timothy as a minister at Ephesus.

He’s first brought into notice at the time of Paul’s second visit to Lystra, Acts 16:2, where he probably resided, and where it seems he was converted during Paul’s first visit to that place, 1 Timothy 1:2 / 2 Timothy 3:11. Paul, having formed a high opinion of his ‘own son in the faith,’ arranged that he should become his companion, Acts 16:3, and took and circumcised him, so that he might conciliate the Jews.

He was designated to the office of an evangelist, 1 Timothy 4:14, and went with Paul in his journey through Phrygia, Galatia, and Mysia, also to Troas and Philippi and Berea, Acts 17:14. He followed Paul to Athens, and was sent by him with Silas on a mission to Thessalonica, Acts 17:15 / 1 Thessalonians 3:2.

We next find him at Corinth with Paul, 1 Thessalonians 1:1 / 2 Thessalonians 1:1. He passes now out of sight for a few years and is again noticed as with the apostle at Ephesus, Acts 19:22, and he is sent on a mission into Macedonia.

He accompanied Paul afterwards into Asia, Acts 20:4, where he was with him for some time. When the apostle was a prisoner in Rome, Timothy joined him, Philippians 1:1, where it appears he also suffered imprisonment, Hebrews 13:23.

During Paul’s second imprisonment he wrote to Timothy, asking him to rejoin him as soon as possible, and to bring with him certain things which he had left at Troas, his cloak and parchments, 2 Timothy 4:13. According to tradition, after Paul’s death, he settled in Ephesus as his sphere of labour and there found a martyr’s grave.


Persevere In Present Trials. 2 Timothy 2:1-2:26
Thanksgiving For Timothy’s Faith. 2 Timothy 2:1-5
Reminder Of Timothy’s Responsibility. 2 Timothy 2:6-18
Characteristics of a Faithful Minister. 2 Timothy 2:19-26
Endure In Future Trails. 2 Timothy 3:1-4:22
Approaching Day Of Apostasy. 2 Timothy 3:1-17
Charge To Preach The Word. 2 Timothy 4:1-5
Approaching Death Of Paul. 2 Timothy 4:6-22

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Complete Study Of The Book Of 2 Timothy  


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