Scriptures

Who Are The ‘Sons Of God’ In Genesis 6?

Introduction

‘When human beings began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of humans were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. Then the LORD said, ‘My Spirit will not contend with humans forever, for they are mortal; their days will be a hundred and twenty years.’ The Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and also afterward—when the sons of God went to the daughters of humans and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown.’ Genesis 6:1-4

In Genesis 6 we see that there is a rapid increase of sin. we don’t know what the actual population of the world would have been at this point in time. If you read through Genesis 4-5, you’ll clearly see that the ‘sons of God,’ weren’t ‘fallen angels’ as some like to suggest. You will notice that those mentioned in the seed line of Abraham aren’t the only children of Seth.

‘After he became the father of Enosh, Seth lived 807 years and had other sons and daughters.’ Genesis 5:7

The daughters of men are the daughters of the children of Cain whose family is listed in Genesis 4.

‘Cain made love to his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch. To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech. Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah. Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock. His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes. Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged all kinds of tools out of bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain’s sister was Naamah. Lamech said to his wives, ‘Adah and Zillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech, hear my words. I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for injuring me. If Cain is avenged seven times, then Lamech seventy-seven times.’ Genesis 4:16-24

Seth’s family is then listed in Genesis 4-5.

‘Adam made love to his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, saying, ‘God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.’ Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh. At that time people began to call on the name of the LORD. This is the written account of Adam’s family line. When God created mankind, he made them in the likeness of God. He created them male and female and blessed them. And he named them ‘Mankind’ when they were created. When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Adam lived a total of 930 years, and then he died. When Seth had lived 105 years, he became the father of Enosh. After he became the father of Enosh, Seth lived 807 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Seth lived a total of 912 years, and then he died. When Enosh had lived 90 years, he became the father of Kenan. After he became the father of Kenan, Enosh lived 815 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Enosh lived a total of 905 years, and then he died. When Kenan had lived 70 years, he became the father of Mahalalel. After he became the father of Mahalalel, Kenan lived 840 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Kenan lived a total of 910 years, and then he died. When Mahalalel had lived 65 years, he became the father of Jared. After he became the father of Jared, Mahalalel lived 830 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Mahalalel lived a total of 895 years, and then he died. When Jared had lived 162 years, he became the father of Enoch. After he became the father of Enoch, Jared lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Jared lived a total of 962 years, and then he died. When Enoch had lived 65 years, he became the father of Methuselah. After he became the father of Methuselah, Enoch walked faithfully with God 300 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Enoch lived a total of 365 years. Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away. When Methuselah had lived 187 years, he became the father of Lamech. After he became the father of Lamech, Methuselah lived 782 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Methuselah lived a total of 969 years, and then he died. When Lamech had lived 182 years, he had a son. He named him Noah and said, ‘He will comfort us in the labour and painful toil of our hands caused by the ground the LORD has cursed.’ After Noah was born, Lamech lived 595 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Lamech lived a total of 777 years, and then he died. After Noah was 500 years old, he became the father of Shem, Ham and Japheth.’ Genesis 4:25-5:32

So, you have two families represented up to this point, there are ‘the sons of God’ represented in the family of Seth, and there are ‘the daughters of men’ who are the female offspring of the children of Cain and his family.

We must remember that angels are without sexual orientation,

‘at the resurrection people will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven.’ Matthew 22:30

This implies that they aren’t male and female as men are. It’s true that angels are called ‘sons of God’ in Job 1:6, but righteous people are also called, ‘sons of God’ in Hosea 1:10. Even in the New Testament we find,

‘For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus’, Galatians 3:26

It simply refers to those who were obedient to God, those who joined themselves to those who weren’t faithful to God, the daughters of men, and so they allowed themselves to be led away into squalor.

They were those who loved God and those who didn’t love God, people who served God and people who served themselves and because of intermarriage the people who belonged to the line of Seth came down to the level of those who didn’t love God.

In other words, the Godly became ungodly. It’s clear that God was upset because the people left Him and despite having 120 years to repent, they didn’t and so, God announces His judgment and man is to be judged.

The Nephilim

The Nephilim were a vicious and dominant people who dominated civilizations by populating the earth through the ‘daughters of men,’ and so they brought wickedness upon the earth, in Numbers 13:33 we find a description of them, they were a group of big strong people. Notice some translations use the words, ‘giants’ and ‘mighty men.’

Here in Genesis 6:4, this can be read one of two ways, they were physically large, or they were giants among men in the sense of leaders. But notice also that the giants existed before and after the sons of God married the daughters of men, in other words, the giants weren’t a product of the sons of God marrying the daughters of men.

The result of their wicked culture led to the digression of mankind, mankind’s strength wouldn’t save them and so the people put their faith in the Nephilim, giants, mighty men.

 

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the LORD, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future."

Jeremiah 29:11

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