Scriptures

The Meal Offering

Introduction

‘‘When anyone brings a grain offering to the LORD, their offering is to be of the finest flour. They are to pour olive oil on it, put incense on it and take it to Aaron’s sons the priests. The priest shall take a handful of the flour and oil, together with all the incense, and burn this as a memorial portion on the altar, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD. The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the food offerings presented to the LORD. ‘If you bring a grain offering baked in an oven, it is to consist of the finest flour: either thick loaves made without yeast and with olive oil mixed in or thin loaves made without yeast and brushed with olive oil. If your grain offering is prepared on a griddle, it is to be made of the finest flour mixed with oil, and without yeast. Crumble it and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering. If your grain offering is cooked in a pan, it is to be made of the finest flour and some olive oil. Bring the grain offering made of these things to the LORD; present it to the priest, who shall take it to the altar. He shall take out the memorial portion from the grain offering and burn it on the altar as a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD. The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the food offerings presented to the LORD. ‘Every grain offering you bring to the LORD must be made without yeast, for you are not to burn any yeast or honey in a food offering presented to the LORD. You may bring them to the LORD as an offering of the firstfruits, but they are not to be offered on the altar as a pleasing aroma. Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings; add salt to all your offerings. ‘If you bring a grain offering of firstfruits to the LORD, offer crushed heads of new grain roasted in the fire. Put oil and incense on it; it is a grain offering. The priest shall burn the memorial portion of the crushed grain and the oil, together with all the incense, as a food offering presented to the LORD.’ Leviticus 2:1-16

‘These are the regulations for the grain offering: Aaron’s sons are to bring it before the LORD, in front of the altar. The priest is to take a handful of the finest flour and some olive oil, together with all the incense on the grain offering, and burn the memorial portion on the altar as an aroma pleasing to the LORD. Aaron and his sons shall eat the rest of it, but it is to be eaten without yeast in the sanctuary area; they are to eat it in the courtyard of the tent of meeting. It must not be baked with yeast; I have given it as their share of the food offerings presented to me. Like the sin offering and the guilt offering, it is most holy. Any male descendant of Aaron may eat it. For all generations to come it is his perpetual share of the food offerings presented to the LORD. Whatever touches them will become holy.’ The LORD also said to Moses, ‘This is the offering Aaron and his sons are to bring to the LORD on the day he is anointed: a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening. It must be prepared with oil on a griddle; bring it well-mixed and present the grain offering broken in pieces as an aroma pleasing to the LORD. The son who is to succeed him as anointed priest shall prepare it. It is the LORD’s perpetual share and is to be burned completely. Every grain offering of a priest shall be burned completely; it must not be eaten.’ Leviticus 6:14-23

The Meal Offering was made from fine flour mingled with oil, plus salt and frankincense. The fine flour speaks of the humanity of Jesus; the oil speaks of the Holy Spirit of God; the salt speaks of the purity of the offering; the frankincense speaks of the fragrance of the offering. The Meal Offering is a type of the Lord Jesus as a genuine man, the son of man, filled with the Holy Spirit.

‘Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, left the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness’. Luke 4:1

There are two ingredients that are forbidden in the Meal Offering, leaven, to elevate and honey, to sweeten. Leaven is a small bacterium that grows readily. It signifies Sin. However, Peter said of Jesus,

‘He did no sin, neither was any deceit found in His mouth’. 1 Peter 2:22

Honey takes away the real taste of something. However, the words Jesus spoke were not sweetened to please the taste of those who heard Him,

John 6:60 ‘On hearing it, many of his disciples said, ‘This is a hard teaching. Who can accept it?’

Jesus is called the Faithful Witness, Revelation 1:5. Jesus said

‘He whom God has sent speaks the words of God’, John 3:34

and ‘as My Father taught Me, I speak these things’, John 8:28

Therefore the Meal Offering is a type of the Lord Jesus Christ in His humanity.

The Meal Offering could be baked in an oven, or fried in a frying-pan. If baked in a pan, the fine flour was not only mingled with oil, but the offering was then broken into three pieces and oil poured upon it. Both within and upon the offering there was oil.

This points us to the Lord Jesus, who was not only filled with the Holy Spirit, Luke 4:1, but also tempted three times by the Devil in the wilderness, Luke 4:3+7+9. He could then declare

‘The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He has anointed Me’, Luke 4:18

for the carrying out of His earthly ministry of healing people and teaching the word of God and bringing salvation from sin and oppression.

Whether the Meal Offering was baked or fried, a portion of it was burnt upon the Burnt Offering Altar for God’s satisfaction,

Leviticus 2:9 ‘From the fellowship offering you are to bring a food offering to the LORD: its fat, the entire fat tail cut off close to the backbone, the internal organs and all the fat that is connected to them’,

while the rest was food for the priests,

Leviticus 2:10 ‘The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the food offerings presented to the LORD.’

The Meal Offering of the first-fruits,

Leviticus 2:14-16 ‘If you bring a grain offering of firstfruits to the LORD, offer crushed heads of new grain roasted in the fire. Put oil and incense on it; it is a grain offering. The priest shall burn the memorial portion of the crushed grain and the oil, together with all the incense, as a food offering presented to the LORD.’

This clearly signifies Christ in His death, burial and resurrection,

‘bruised grain, parched with fire’,

His death

Isaiah 53:5 ‘But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed.’

Psalm 22:15 ‘lay frankincense on it’,

His burial

Luke 23:56-24:1 ‘Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment. On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb.’

‘First-fruits’, the Feast of First Fruits was on the third day after the Passover and speaks of Christ’s resurrection,

Leviticus 23:11 ‘He is to wave the sheaf before the LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath.’

Therefore, the Meal Offering is a type of the Lord Jesus Christ in His humanity, full of the Holy Spirit, passing through death, burial and resurrection both for God’s satisfaction and to be

‘the bread of God who gives life to the world’. John 6:33

 

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord."

Romans 6:23

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