The Feast Of Pentecost


Throughout the Old Testament we find a number of Jewish holidays which included solemn feasts that all Jewish males were required to attend each year in Jerusalem. The one we’re interested in in this study is the ‘The Feast of Weeks’ which was the second of these events, Exodus 34:22-23.

This feast took place seven full weeks, or the fiftieth day, following the Feast of First Fruits and it was also known as Pentecost, meaning fifty. The Feast of Weeks commemorated the first fruits of the wheat harvest, which was basically a celebration of God’s provision. As one of the harvest feasts, God’s people were instructed to present grain offerings to the Lord, Leviticus 23:1-19.

They were also to offer several one-year old lambs without blemish, one young bull, and two rams, in addition to other offerings, Numbers 28:27-30.

We also see God’s care for the poor and the foreigners during this period, Leviticus 23:22.

Because it occurred 50 days following the Feast of First Fruits, the date of the Feast of Weeks varied from late May to early June of each year. Like I mentioned the purpose of this feast was to commemorate the completion of the grain harvest. Its distinguishing feature was the offering of ‘two leavened loaves’ made from the new corn of the completed harvest, which, with two lambs, were waved before the Lord as a thank offering.


The day of Pentecost is important for Christians as this is the day the Holy Spirit came upon the apostles, Acts 2:1-4. It was also the day the church was established when Peter preached the first Gospel message. Acts 2:14-41. The only other times the day is mentioned in the New Testament are in Acts 20:16 and 1 Corinthians 16:8.



"Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see."

Hebrews 11:1