The Bible contains 66 books and all the books gives the continuity of the message flow is one. In the Bible, there are many themes, holiness is the main theme that flows through the entire Bible. Sin is also a major theme which runs through the Bible along with the themes of righteousness, the mercy of God, faith etc. In the Same way, the theme of redemption is one of the major themes in the Bible.

Redemption is the act of redeeming something or of being redeemed by something. Redemption is the deliverance of an object from an unfavourable state securing by the payment of the price.

Lurton The word ‘lurton’ 300 B.C. is classical Greek, common Greek, ‘he koine dialektos’, common Greek. New Testament written in common Greek, this was kind of like the newspaper language of the day. ‘Lutra Hektoros’ means buying back of the body of the person, the price to be paid, something to release. ‘LXX’ is 70 and is the Greek word ‘Septuagint’, the Greek translations into Hebrew. Greek translations of the Hebrew Scriptures are Septuagint.

Ransom Amount was a way out by paying price

Numbers 35:31 ‘Do not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer, who deserves to die. He must surely be put to death.’

Numbers 3:11-13 ‘And the Lord said to Moses, “I have accepted the Levites in substitution for all the oldest sons of the people of Israel. The Levites are mine in exchanges for all the oldest sons. From the day, I killed all the oldest sons of the Egyptians, I took for myself all the firstborn in Israel of both men and animals! They are mine; I am Jehovah.’

Numbers 3:39 ‘The total number of Levites counted at the Lord’s command by Moses and Aaron according to their clans, including every male a month old or more was 22,000.’

Numbers 3:44-49 ‘The LORD also said to Moses, ‘Take the Levites in place of all the firstborn of Israel, and the livestock of the Levites in place of their livestock. The Levites are to be mine. I am the LORD. To redeem the 273 firstborn Israelites who exceed the number of the Levites, collect five shekels for each one, according to the sanctuary shekel, which weighs twenty gerahs. Give the money for the redemption of the additional Israelites to Aaron and his sons.” So, Moses collected the redemption money from those who exceeded the number redeemed by the Levites.’

22,000 Levites 22,273 1st Born 273 *5 = 1365 (5 shekels of silver)

Numbers 18:15-16 ‘The first offspring of every womb, both man and animal, which is offered to the LORD, is yours. But you must redeem every firstborn son and every firstborn male of unclean animals. When they are a month old, you must redeem them at the redemption price set at five shekels of silver, according to the sanctuary shekel, which weighs twenty gerahs.’

Redemption of First Born is in Numbers 3

Papyri, the old documents of the Greek and old words and life of citizens or the story of the old people.

Matthew 20:28 ‘Just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.’

Ransom for many, ‘Lutron’, ransom is an amount of money in order to release someone who is kidnapped. ‘Lutroo’, redeeming a pledge. Promise it’s used in Papyri.

Delivering, releasing some body from slavery, it was used in 65 times in Septuagint. In Five different ways, it’s used to speak of God delivering from Egypt.

Exodus 6:6 ‘Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.’

Deuteronomy 7:8 ‘But it was because the LORD loved you and kept the oath he swore to your forefathers that he brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the land of slavery, from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt.’

Deuteronomy 13:4-5 ‘That prophet or dreamer must be put to death, because he preached rebellion against the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt and redeemed you from the land of slavery; he has tried to turn you from the way the LORD your God commanded you to follow. You must purge the evil from among you.’

Deuteronomy 15:15 ‘Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and the LORD your God redeemed you. That is why I give you this command today.’

Deuteronomy 24:18 ‘Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and the LORD your God redeemed you from there. That is why I command you to do this.’

Redeem every firstborn

Exodus 13:13 ‘Redeem with a lamb every firstborn donkey, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck. Redeem every firstborn among your sons.’

Exodus 34:20 ‘Redeem the firstborn donkey with a lamb, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck. Redeem all your firstborn sons.’


Leviticus 25:25 ‘If one of your countrymen becomes poor and sells some of his property, his nearest relative is to come and redeem what his countryman has sold.’

Leviticus 25:29 ‘If a man sells a house in a walled city, he retains the right of redemption a full year after its sale. During that time, he may redeem it.’

Leviticus 25:30 ‘If it is not redeemed before a full year has passed, the house in the walled city shall belong permanently to the buyer and his descendants. It is not to be returned in the Jubilee.’

Buying Back

Leviticus 27:15 ‘If the man who dedicates his house redeems it, he must add a fifth to its value, and the house will again become his.’ 20% extra.

Nonphysical sense or spiritual sense

Isaiah 44:22 ‘I have swept away your offenses like a cloud, your sins like the morning mist. Return to me, for I have redeemed you.’

Jeremiah 50:34 ‘Yet their Redeemer is strong; the LORD Almighty is his name. He will vigorously defend their cause so that he may bring rest to their land, but unrest to those who live in Babylon.’


God is our Redeemer

He is our Saviour. He alone paid the Price. Giving Himself.

Titus 2:14 ‘Who gave himself for us to redeem us from all wickedness and to purify for himself a people that are his very own, eager to do what is good.’

He was redemption of Israel

Luke 24:21 ‘But we had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel. And what is more, it is the third day since all this took place.’

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"Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls."

Matthew 11:29