Complete Study Of From Egypt To Sinai


‘God institutes the Passover’ Exodus 12

A. Passover instructions.

1. Each household should take a lamb.

‘The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, ‘This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household. If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbour, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.’ Exodus 12:1-6

a. The coming deliverance from Egypt is such a significant act that God tells the children of Israel to remake their calendar, the new year will now start with the month of their redemption from Egypt.

b. On the tenth of this first month, each family, or household, is to take a lamb, and the lamb is to live with the family for the four days until Passover.

i. In this way, the lamb was to be part of the family, when it was sacrificed on the fourteenth it would be cherished, and mourned. God wanted the sacrifice of something precious.

ii. The rabbis later determined that there should be at least ten people for each Passover lamb, and not more than twenty.

c. The lamb was also to be without blemish; this sacrifice unto the Lord had to be as perfect as a lamb could be.

d. A lamb from the sheep or from the goats may sound confusing, but the Hebrew word for lamb can refer to either a young sheep or a young goat.

i. ‘The Hebrew ‘seh’ is quite a neutral word and should be translated ‘head of (small) stock’, applying equally to sheep and goats of any age. The Hebrews, like the Chinese, seem to have regarded any distinction between sheep and goats as a minor subdivision. Probably because of this, to ‘separate the sheep from the goats’ is proverbial of God’s discernment in New Testament times.’ Cole

‘All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.’ Matthew 25:32

2. Instructions for eating the Passover.

‘Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs. That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs. Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it. This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD’s Passover.’ Exodus 12:7-11

a. Before the Passover lamb could be eaten its blood had to be applied to the doorway of the home, and the top, and upon each side the blood was applied. The only part of this sacrifice given to God was the blood, the rest was eaten by each family or discarded.

b. Then, the lamb could be eaten but only if it had been roasted, with the lamb itself coming into contact with the fire, and with bitter herbs accompanying the meal.

i. As our Passover sacrifice, Jesus had to come into direct contact with the ‘fire’ of the Father’s judgment on our behalf, and the bitterness of the cross is reflected in the bitter herbs.

c. The Passover lamb had to be eaten completely, a family had to totally consume the sacrifice.

d. The Passover lamb had to be eaten in faith trusting that the deliverance promised to Israel was present, and that they would walk in that deliverance immediately.

i. Faith was essential to the keeping of Passover.

‘By faith he kept the Passover and the application of blood, so that the destroyer of the firstborn would not touch the firstborn of Israel.’ Hebrews 11:28

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From Egypt To Sinai. Exodus 12 - Exodus 19  


"But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed."

Isaiah 53:5