Scriptures

The Theory Of Evolution

Introduction

Ask the Evolutionist if he believes in miracles, his answer will certainly be No! Ask him how he would define a miracle. In other words, what is a miracle? He will be compelled to say that he believes it is

‘something that is impossible’.

You may then tell him that he cannot believe in Evolution, because it is based on at least two events which are impossible. These are:

1. Spontaneous Generation.

2. Transmutation.

Spontaneous Generation

Spontaneous Generation simply means that life came into existence where before there had been no life! And it takes more FAITH to believe this than to believe that an intelligent Creator, whom we call God, created life.

The question, which you should ask, which came first, the hen or the egg? This is a question dating back to Plutocrat, the Roman writer who was born in 46 A.D. This question reminds us that everything we see is an ‘effect’. And an effect must have a cause. Nothing comes from anything.

The Greeks said,

‘something IS, therefore something WAS’. We cannot go back, saying, ‘Hen from Egg, Egg from Hen, Hen from Egg.’ We must eventually say that one or the other, either the hen or the egg, was created, because life is dependent on antecedent life. That word ‘Antecedent’ ‘anti seed ent’ means ‘going before’.

Ask the person who believes in Evolution, where did the first living things come from? If they came from nothing, please explain how it happened!’

Evolutionists have tried to answer this question in many ways. They often spoke of the ‘nebular theory’, which boils down to this: Let us suppose that FORCE and MATTER have always existed! Notice the ‘suppose’! ‘This FORCE, which came from nobody knows WHERE, exerted itself on this MATTER, which came into existence nobody knows HOW and the universe was created.

You will notice that they never offer to tell you where the Force and the Matter came from. In fact, an item in the Daily Telegraph some years ago, is headed

‘Evolutionary Theories hopelessly outdated’

Professor Edgar H. Andrews, Professor of Materials at London University and Head of the Department of Science at Queen Mary College, gave this evidence before an Industrial Tribunal.

He stated that the theories of people like Sir Fred Hoyle, were ‘almost completely discredited’, and he stated that the education syllabus, which required teachers to teach Hoyle’s theory of ‘continuous creation’ was ‘an attempt to avoid accepting that there was ever a start in the universe, that it never had a beginning, and that matter was continuously being destroyed and re-created.’

The fossils reveal evidence of Apes and of Men but in spite of all the fantastic and fanciful claims ‘no ape-men’. And those who know Evolution know this is true. If I had the time I could write about the ‘Piltdown man’, ‘Nebraska man’, ‘Java man’, ‘Neanderthal man’, all of whom have, at one time or another, been put forward as ‘links’ between Man and the Apes. We do not hear a great deal about this today.

And the reason?

Professor Patrick Geddes of Edinburgh university and Professor J. A. Thomson of Aberdeen university said, when questioned concerning Man’s origin:

‘We do not know whence he emerged nor do we know how man arose, for it must be admitted that the factors of the evolution of Man partake largely of the nature of ‘MAYBE’S’, which have no permanent position in science.’

Professor John Tyndall, the physicist, who became professor at the Royal Institute and who, was contemporary with Darwin and Huxley, said:

‘Those who hold the doctrine of Evolution are by no means ignorant of the uncertainty of their data’.

Lord Kelvin, perhaps Scotland’s greatest scientist stated:

‘I am ready to accept as an article of faith in science valid for all time and all space, that Life is produced by Life and ONLY by Life’.

Herbert Spencer, who was nicknamed ‘Darwin’s Bulldog’ because he defended Darwin from his critics, said referring to the Theory of Evolution:

‘This is a hypothesis, I readily admit. That it may never be anything more seems probable. That, even in its more defensive shape, there are serious difficulties in its way, I cheerfully acknowledge.’

Why, then, do some scientists, accept what is an unproven theory?

Professor D. M. S. Watson said:

‘Evolution itself is accepted by zoologists, NOT because it has been observed to occur or can be proved by logical, coherent evidence. But because the ONLY alternative, Special Creation, is clearly incredible.’

This was a man who did not believe in God.

Professor L.T. More said:

‘The more one studies Palaeontology (fossils) the more certain one becomes that Evolution is based on faith alone. The only alternative is the doctrine of Special Creation, which may be true but is irrational’.

Let us give the last word to Charles Darwin himself. In his ‘Life and Letters’, vol. 3, page 25, he wrote:

‘We cannot prove that one species has changed’. ‘There are 2 or 3 million species on Earth, but it must be said today, in spite of all the efforts of trained observers, not one change of species with another is on record.’

In other words, Evolution is still a theory, nothing more.

D.N.A.

Another important fact is that each living cell is extremely complex, containing within itself the coded information, which identifies the cell, in the form of D.N.A. D.N.A, deoxyribonucleic acid, pronounced, ‘dee oxy rybo nucleic acid.’

It was stated that each cell contains enough information to fill a 1000 volume set of Encyclopaedias. ‘Reader’s Digest’ October 1962. This is how complex a living cell is. And it is also why it is impossible for scientists to produce life in a laboratory.

Kornberg tried to do this. In 1957 he analysed a cell chemically and discovered that it had SIX bits of known D.N.A, sugar, phosphates and four bases, amino acids, etc. but he could not produce a living cell. The chances of finding the right chemical combination which might produce life, has been calculated as 1 x 10,243 Billion!

The French Mathematician, Du Nouy, reckoned that it would take this to produce JUST ONE molecule of protein.

Another popular topic among Evolutionists is the supposed existence of vestigial organs. These are organs of the human body, which, they claim, have become unnecessary because we have outgrown them, and which are now useless because we have ‘evolved’.

Wedersheim originally listed 180 of these ‘now useless’ parts of the human body, and the list included tonsils, and the appendix, to name two with which everyone must be familiar!

But Sir Arthur Keith, President of the Royal College of Surgeons, pointed out that it was dangerous to brand, as useless an organ rich in blood-supply and which continues to grow to the 20th year of a person’s life, and sometimes to the 50th year.

As for the tonsils, there was a time when doctors removed children’s tonsils ‘at the drop of a hat’, so to speak! But they are now back in fashion! We now know that they are important because they produce antibodies, and, to quote Sir Arthur Keith again, says today:

‘No-one would describe them as vestigial.’

In fact, of the list of the 180 human organs originally supposed to be useless, only SIX remain, and the doctors are very unsure about these, because they include the pituitary and adrenal glands. Another ‘proof of evolution’ demolished!

The fossil records

If Evolution has actually taken place, the one thing that would prove it conclusively would be for the scientists to produce the fossils, which show the successive links. Notice ‘links’, plural. Talk about the ‘Missing Link’ is laughable, because it is NOT A LINK, which is missing but an entire chain. All the intermediate forms are missing.

George Simpson, an American Evolutionist, stated that:

‘if there was an effective breeding population of 100 million individuals, and they produced a new generation DAILY, the likelihood of a good evolutionary mutation could be expected about once in 274 billion years’.

Now, when you consider that evolutionists themselves generally believe the Earth to be about 4 to 5 billion years old, you can see the problem. And, by the way, Simpson speaks of ONE mutation in 274 billion years. But remember you need TWO to breed! And to really mess things up, let it be stated that Mutations are always sterile!

No wonder Simpson became a little exasperated and said:

‘Unless there is an unknown factor tremendously increasing the chance of simultaneous mutations, such a process has played no part whatever in Evolution’. ‘Major Features of Evolution’. 1953

In other words, the case for Evolution cannot be supported by the mutation theory.

Why transmutation is impossible

There is a simple reason why change from one species of creature to another does not occur. Living cells are composed of protons, neutrons and electrons, and every cell has its own Mitotic Pattern. Mitosis is the method of cell division in which the nucleus of the cell divides to create ‘daughter’ cells, each of which contains the same number of chromosomes as its parent cell.

These chromosomes are responsible for carrying the characteristics, which are inherited by the offspring. In other words, the law of nature, as the Bible says, is

‘Like produces like’.

Dogs do not produce cats!

‘The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds.’ Genesis 1:12

‘So, God created the great creatures of the sea and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind.’ Genesis 1:21

‘God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds.’ Genesis 1:25

That Mitotic Pattern is like the fingerprint of the cell, and the cell is identifiable by the pattern contained within it. Interfere with the cell, try to change the pattern, and the cell will die. Or at best, maybe produce a Mutant, if you can wait so long!

Suppose the cell were to be invaded by an alien body. That would break up the pattern and the cell would die. You cannot change the Mitotic Pattern characteristic of one cell, into the pattern which is characteristic of another kind. Interference produces death.

This is one reason why it may be possible to detect the onset of Cancer by observing the condition of the cell. And this is also why Mutations turn out to be bad. Nature has placed boundaries, or limits, which cannot be overstepped without causing damage.

‘But God gives it a body as he has determined, and to each kind of seed he gives its own body.’ 1Corinthians 15:39

It is interesting to notice that the Bible, in Paul’s First letter to the Corinthians, chapter 15:39, hints at this, when it speaks of different kinds of ‘flesh’, of birds and fish and other living things.

The cell of one KIND of creature cannot be changed into the cell of another. This is why it is nonsense to talk about Fish becoming Amphibians and then Mammals swinging from trees!

Transmutation

Transmutation is the name given to the theory, which ‘claims’ that one for of life, one ‘species’, changed into another form of life, or species. And this is another impossibility! ‘Trans’, across, ‘Mutation’, change. ‘Evolution’ comes from ‘e volvo’, Latin for ‘I turn’.

The question is, is it TRUE that one KIND of creature has changed, or can change, into creature of an entirely different kind?

Sometimes those who advocate Evolution do not seem to realise how ridiculous they make themselves. For instance, Lamarck, the Frenchman advanced a theory known as ‘The Theory of Acquired Characteristics’.

This suggested that the Giraffe acquired its long neck, NOT because it was designed that way, but because in a time of famine, it had to stretch up to the leaves, which were high on the trees! The snake lost its legs through crawling through knotholes in trees, when escaping from birds!

And, speaking of birds, Harold Firbans, in ‘Home Geography, page 142, offers us this piece of ‘science’.

‘If birds could talk, what stories we might hear. We might learn of a time, ever so long ago, when their grandfathers were not birds at all. Then, they could not fly, for they had neither wings nor feathers. These grandfathers of our birds had four legs, a long tail and jaws and teeth. After a time, feathers grew in their bodies and their front legs became changed for flying. These were strange looking creatures. There are none like them living now’.

What a pity!

‘If birds could talk’? If birds could laugh, they would laugh their feathers off at such ridiculous nonsense. But, this is one of the ways in which ‘evolution’ is supposed to have taken place.

Remember! We are not denying that changes may take place within the KIND or SPECIES. MODIFICATION or VARIATION is one thing, MUTATION is another thing entirely! It delivers the deathblow to the theory of Evolution.

Why?

1. Because mutations rarely happen. Most genes mutate only once in 100,000 generations or more. ‘World Book Encyclopaedia’.

One Evolutionist, C. H. Waddington stated that

‘the odds are probably one ion a million’.

2. Good mutations are even rarer.

Herman Muller says,

‘Most mutations are bad. In fact, good ones are so rare that we can consider them ALL bad’.

Dr William J. Tinkle, who was a noted Geneticist, has stated that:

‘No mutation is on record which would make an animal or plant better organised, or place it in a higher category than its ancestors.’

Professor Andrews also informed the Tribunal, that this theory was different from the current scientific view.

‘This is that there was an origin, referred to colloquially, as ‘the Big Bang’, to describe the suddenness of the beginning of the universe.’

He said,

‘Evolution is still an unproven hypothesis, there are overwhelming arguments against its validity.’

So, you see, even according to the latest theory, we are back to a Beginning! But we are still not told what or who caused the ‘Big Bang’, which created the Universe! And to propose an ‘effect’ without an adequate ‘cause’, as just as much an act of faith on the part of the person who believes in Evolution, as is the Christian’s belief in an intelligent Creator.

An example

Evolution would have us believe that two atoms came together, collided at great speed and life ‘evolved’ from it! Everything has to have a ‘cause’ and ‘effect’ but the bigger the ‘cause’ results in the bigger ‘effect’.

If two people were driving two separate cars and had a head-on collision at 100 miles per hour, both cars would be destroyed and both people would die. You get one brand-new car and one brand new human from it!

If I were to throw a hand grenade into a crowded room, it would kill everyone inside and destroy the building. Everyone knows that, that kind of collision destroys life and things, it doesn’t create new things or new life.

You should persist in demanding to know,

HOW did it all happen?

And WHERE did life come from?

Never allow the Evolutionist to get away with asking all the questions!

If the world begun with ‘the big bang’, where did the things which caused the ‘big bang’ come from?

Incidentally, if you are ever asked,

who made God?

Just point out that this is not a CLEVER question at all. When people ask it, they usually think they have been very smart. It is NOT a clever question, because the two words ‘made’ and ‘God’ do not belong together.

There are some words which ‘fly apart’ the moment you put them together, because they do not ‘fit’. Try imagining a ‘dry raindrop’, or a ‘lead balloon’. One word is an Adjective, ‘dry’, ‘lead’, whilst the others are nouns, ‘raindrop’, and ‘balloon’. Adjectives are words, which qualify nouns, and they are meant to belong together, but not all adjectives match all nouns.

So, with the words ‘made God’. In this case, ‘made’ and ‘God’ cannot be joined together. If God were ‘made’, He would not be ‘God’, because the concept of ‘God’ implies a Being who was never ‘made’, who did not have a beginning.

So, to return to our ‘hen and egg’, the hen and the egg are Secondary Causes, which means that once they have been brought into existence they can continue to produce each other. The Primary Cause, the First Cause, who created them, is God.

The bottom line is this,

either everything we see around us is the result of intelligent, orderly DESIGN, or, the Universe or everything in it, is an ACCIDENT. It came into existence by BLIND CHANCE

I know which view I prefer to take!

Aristotle, who was so wise that he was known as ‘Master of those who Know’, because of his all-round knowledge spoke of the origin of things and declared that there are three factors in the world.

1. Matter, which is moved and does not move anything.

2. Nature, which is moved, and which can move itself.

3. God, Who moves everything and is Himself unmoved.

 

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"One night the Lord spoke to Paul in a vision: ‘Do not be afraid; keep on speaking, do not be silent.’"

Acts 18:9

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