Scriptures

Should The Church Pay For A ‘Full-Time Worker’?

Introduction

‘Don’t we have the right to food and drink? Don’t we have the right to take a believing wife along with us, as do the other apostles and the Lord’s brothers and Cephas? Or is it only I and Barnabas who lack the right to not work for a living? Who serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat its grapes? Who tends a flock and does not drink the milk? Do I say this merely on human authority? Doesn’t the Law say the same thing? For it is written in the Law of Moses: ‘Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.’ Is it about oxen that God is concerned? Surely, he says this for us, doesn’t he? Yes, this was written for us, because whoever plows and threshes should be able to do so in the hope of sharing in the harvest. If we have sown spiritual seed among you, is it too much if we reap a material harvest from you? If others have this right of support from you, shouldn’t we have it all the more? But we did not use this right. On the contrary, we put up with anything rather than hinder the gospel of Christ. Don’t you know that those who serve in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar? In the same way, the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel.’ 1 Corinthians 9:4-14

Is it Scriptural for a congregation to support a full-time worker? This is a question which comes up every now again and I remember speaking to one brother who didn’t agree that a ‘full-time evangelist’ shouldn’t get paid for doing his work.

I believe this is a problem that many new ‘full-time workers’ struggle with at first, I know I did and I remember asking myself, is it ok to buy a ‘MacDonald’s Happy Meal’ for my children? After all, this is the Lord’s money, provided to me by the Lord’s people.

The History of ‘Mutual Ministry’ in churches in Britain.

This is a sound, Biblical principle, which has sadly been greatly misunderstood and misused, to the extent that it has done a great deal of harm to the work of the Lord.

The Principle

So, let us lay down an irrefutable and undeniable principle, namely, that no question concerning the doctrine or practice of the church can be considered to have been resolved, until it is resolved Scripturally. Indeed, we see that this fact is recognised in the question

‘Is it Scriptural?’

I believe that the answer must be an emphatic ‘Yes!’ and the proof is found in the ninth chapter of Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians, verses 4-14.

Let’s consider the circumstances in which Paul introduces the subject. In the previous chapter, 1 Corinthians 8, he has dealt at some length with the matter of Christian liberty and has shown that Christians must be prepared to forego perfectly legitimate rights, and insists on the exercising of such rights endangers or harms the soul of a weaker brother.

That chapter closes at verse 13, which begins with the word, ‘Therefore’, this contains the statement with which Paul concludes his argument. Then, in 1 Corinthians 9, he points out that he, also, has rights, rights which, for the good of both the church and the Lord’s work in general, he hasn’t exercised these right but he proceeds to mentions two of them.

First, he asserts his right to receive material support from his brethren, whilst he is engaged in preaching the Gospel. He specifically mentions ‘the right to eat and drink’, 1 Corinthians 9:4. He then extends this right to cover the material needs of a wife also, should he choose to be accompanied and supported in his labours by a wife, just as other brethren some of whom he names.

Two Rights Asserted

The first argument says, in effect. Moses. ‘You shall not muzzle an ox when it is treading out the grain.’ Deuteronomy 25:4. Incidentally, let me point out that, in 1 Timothy 5, this principle is also applied to Elders, Elders who are ‘full-time Elders’ and who may need support are as entitled to receive it from the church, as is the shepherd who cares for the flock.

1 Timothy 5:17-18 ‘The elders who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honour, especially those whose work is preaching and teaching. For Scripture says, ‘Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,’ and ‘The worker deserves his wages.’

In 1 Corinthians 9:9, Paul injects a slightly humorous note as he thinks about the verse in Deuteronomy 25:4, when he asks,

‘Did God issue this command because He is especially concerned about oxen? Do you not see that this is an illustration used for our sakes?’

In 1 Corinthians 9:10, he says that a man ‘works in hope’ and mentions, as examples, the ploughman and the reaper. They expect to share the results of their work. Even in our modern society the validity of this principle is recognised. Farm-workers, coal-miners, fishermen, factory-workers, all expect to enjoy benefits from that which their work produces.

Paul’s first argument is based on simple gratitude

1 Corinthians 9:12 ‘If we have sown spiritual good among you, why should it be regarded as ‘too much’, amazing, or surprising, if we expect to reap your material blessings?’

Some of the churches Paul had served were quick to acknowledge their indebtedness to him and had spontaneously sent help to meet his material needs, thus making it unnecessary for him to ‘work with his own hands’, to support himself as he preached the Gospel.

Philippians 4:16. ‘You sent me aid more than once when I was in need.’

Whilst we should never regard full-time work for the Lord as a profession or a job, we surely realise that those who have the desire and the ability, and therefore the responsibility, to undertake such work, will be much more effective and useful, if their minds are freed from concerns about the need to earn a living.

Thankfully, there are brethren, who whilst recognising that they, personally, are unable for whatever reason, whether disposition or ability, or even because of circumstance, to spend their lives in the Lord’s work nevertheless understand that they are able to help in their own special way, because they are able to earn money which may be turned back into the support of those who are able to undertake the work of the Kingdom.

The prophet’s hands’ still need to be held up, even today!

Exodus 17:11-12, ‘As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning. When Moses’ hands grew tired, they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur held his hands up—one on one side, one on the other—so that his hands remained steady till sunset.’

I recall a certain brother who gave generously to meet a particular need, and who said,

‘Perhaps this is my talent. Perhaps it is the only thing I can do!’

He was too modest! I later heard him preach the word very effectively!

A word of caution

There are a few so-called Christians out there who want to work full-time for a congregation but for all the wrong reasons. I remember chatting with a brother who wanted to work full-time as an evangelist and he asked me if £2500 per month was enough for him to live on, bearing in mind he was a single man who no wife, children!

1 Timothy 6:4-5 ‘They have an unhealthy interest in controversies and quarrels about words that result in envy, strife, malicious talk, evil suspicions and constant friction between people of corrupt mind, who have been robbed of the truth and who think that godliness is a means to financial gain.’

Paul is saying, ‘I have the right to receive support from the people of God, whilst I do this work; the right to receive whatever assistance I need, either financial or material’.

Paul’s second argument

1 Corinthians 9:5-6 ‘And not only for myself, but also for a wife, if I choose to take a wife. After all, other apostles do this! The rest of them do it, including peter! And the Lord’s own brothers do it also!’ ‘Among all those who spend their lives in the work of the Gospel, are Barnabas and I to be the only ones who are denied this right?’

Four Arguments

Having made these claims, in 1 Corinthians 9:7, he then proceeds to establish them by presenting four very clear arguments which demonstrate the principle in action, and which he feels sure, his readers will readily recognise and acknowledge.

1. The argument based on equity. On Fairness

1 Corinthians 9:7 ‘Who serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat its grapes? Who tends a flock and does not drink the milk?’

He declares that it is just and fair, and, in evidence, presents the following examples from everyday life.

a. The soldier’s needs are provided for.

‘Who serves as a soldier at his own expense?’

The soldier isn’t required to provide his own equipment or his own rations. Such items are provided for him for him. The word ‘expense’ is significant. It’s the word ‘opsonion’, which, in 2 Corinthians 11:8, is rendered ‘support’. On the four occasions when this word occurs in the New Testament Scriptures it means ‘wages, expense, charges, support’.

b. The Planter of a vineyard expects to eat some of the fruit that the vineyard produces.

c. The shepherd who cares for the flock has the right to expect the flock to take care of him.

Paul’s insisting that, by the same token, those whose lives are spent in the work of the Lord have the clearly established right to have their material needs met, and it shouldn’t be necessary for them to beg or to depend on the charity of their brethren.

2. The argument based on God’s Law

1 Corinthians 9:8 ‘Do I say this merely on human authority? Doesn’t the Law say the same thing?’

In 1 Corinthians 9:8, he asks,

‘Are you now telling me that this is merely a human viewpoint?’

In other words, ‘Are you saying that even if this is the way the world conducts its affair, what the world does has no bearing on the church of God? Then, let me show you that the Law, of God, lays down the same principle. It is written in the law.

In the year 1840, the very first full-time evangelist to work among the churches, George C. Reid, wrote to James Wallis, the editor of the early ‘Christian Messenger’, expressing the conviction that if capable men were to be encouraged to devote their lives to the preaching of the Gospel provision should be made for their adequate support.

But, I repeat, the principle is there for all to see and will only be ignored by those spiritually immature or Scripturally untaught. The unpalatable truth is that, if we were passionate about preaching the Gospel and were willing to increase our giving, it would be possible to support more dedicated and capable workers in the Lord’s Field, and our congregations generally, would be in a healthier condition than they are today.

Many congregations are screaming out for help and they’re asking for a ‘full-time worker’, however until the churches learn to dig deep financially and pay for one themselves, instead of hoping that a full-time worker will come with their ‘support’ already in place, the churches will struggle to work effectively within their communities. This is not to say that a church can’t function properly without a ‘fulltime worker’, but having one would certainly help the cause.

3. Paul’s next argument is the principal illustrated in the Scriptures

1 Corinthians 9:13-14 ‘Don’t you know that those who serve in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar? In the same way, the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel.’

1 Timothy 5:17-18 ‘The elders who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honour, especially those whose work is preaching and teaching. For Scripture says, ‘Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,’ and ‘The worker deserves his wages.’

Here Paul is alluding to the fact that any priest, Jewish or pagan, enjoyed certain privileges. For instance, the priest received a share of the offerings brought to the altar.

1 Corinthians 9:13 ‘Don’t you know that those who serve in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar?’

Indeed, if we examine the Jewish priestly system, it comes as something of a surprise when we discover just how much material support the priests received. The fact is that they were well provided for and enjoyed a fairly high degree of comfort.

Priestly provision

There were numerous regular sacrifices from which the priest received his portion.

1. From ‘the whole Burnt offering’, he received only the hides and skins, but these he was able to sell.

Leviticus 7:2-5 ‘The guilt offering is to be slaughtered in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered, and its blood is to be splashed against the sides of the altar. All its fat shall be offered: the fat tail and the fat that covers the internal organs, both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which is to be removed with the kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering presented to the LORD. It is a guilt offering. Any male in a priest’s family may eat it, but it must be eaten in the sanctuary area; it is most holy.’

2. From the ‘sin offering’ only the fatty portions were offered in sacrifice, and the priest received all the flesh.

Leviticus 7:8 ‘The priest who offers a burnt offering for anyone may keep its hide for himself.’

3. This was also true of the ‘Trespass Offering’.

Leviticus 7:3-5 ‘The guilt offering is to be slaughtered in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered, and its blood is to be splashed against the sides of the altar. All its fat shall be offered: the fat tail and the fat that covers the internal organs, both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which is to be removed with the kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering presented to the LORD. It is a guilt offering.’

4. The ‘Meal offering’, which consisted of flour, oil and wine was also given to the priests for personal use. Again, only a token amount was offered on the attar.

Leviticus 2:1-3 ‘When anyone brings a grain offering to the LORD, their offering is to be of the finest flour. They are to pour olive oil on it, put incense on it and take it to Aaron’s sons the priests. The priest shall take a handful of the flour and oil, together with all the incense, and burn this as a memorial portion on the altar, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD. The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the food offerings presented to the LORD.’

Leviticus 7:9-10 ‘Every grain offering baked in an oven or cooked in a pan or on a griddle belongs to the priest who offers it, and every grain offering, whether mixed with olive oil or dry, belongs equally to all the sons of Aaron.’

5. The ‘Peace offering’ was shared between the altar, the priests and the worshipper.

Leviticus 7:15 ‘The meat of their fellowship offering of thanksgiving must be eaten on the day it is offered; they must leave none of it till morning.’

6. The priest also received for his own use, the ‘first fruits’ of the barley, wheat, honey, olives, vine fig trees and pomegranates.

Numbers 18:8-9 ‘Then the LORD said to Aaron, “I myself have put you in charge of the offerings presented to me; all the holy offerings the Israelites give me I give to you and your sons as your portion, your perpetual share. You are to have the part of the most holy offerings that is kept from the fire. From all the gifts, they bring me as most holy offerings, whether grain or sin or guilt offerings, that part belongs to you and your sons.’

Numbers 18:12-13 ‘I give you all the finest olive oil and all the finest new wine and grain they give the LORD as the firstfruits of their harvest. All the land’s firstfruits that they bring to the LORD will be yours. Everyone in your household who is ceremonially clean may eat it.’

7. He also had the right to ‘1/50th of the crop’ since he had no land of his own. Even, the ‘tithe’, the tenth of everything that grew in the earth, which could be used for food, was shared between the priests and the Levites.

Numbers 18:25-28 ‘The LORD said to Moses, ‘Speak to the Levites and say to them: ‘When you receive from the Israelites the tithe I give you as your inheritance, you must present a tenth of that tithe as the LORD’s offering. Your offering will be reckoned to you as grain from the threshing floor or juice from the winepress. In this way you also will present an offering to the LORD from all the tithes you receive from the Israelites. From these tithes you must give the LORD’s portion to Aaron the priest.’

8. The priests also received a ‘24th part of the dough’ made of wheat, barley, oats or rye.

Leviticus 7:13-14 ‘Along with their fellowship offering of thanksgiving they are to present an offering with thick loaves of bread made with yeast. They are to bring one of each kind as an offering, a contribution to the LORD; it belongs to the priest who splashes the blood of the fellowship offering against the altar.’

9. And what is surely remarkable is the fact that, when the nation was at war, the priests received a share of any spoil, that was captured in battle. The spoil was usually divided equally between army and the people, and the priests received a 1/500th of the half given to the army, and a 1/50th part of the half given to the people.

Numbers 31:25-47 ‘The LORD said to Moses, ‘You and Eleazar the priest and the family heads of the community are to count all the people and animals that were captured. Divide the spoils equally between the soldiers who took part in the battle and the rest of the community. From the soldiers who fought in the battle, set apart as tribute for the LORD one out of every five hundred, whether people, cattle, donkeys or sheep. Take this tribute from their half share and give it to Eleazar the priest as the LORD’s part. From the Israelites’ half, select one out of every fifty, whether people, cattle, donkeys, sheep or other animals. Give them to the Levites, who are responsible for the care of the LORD’s tabernacle.’ So, Moses and Eleazar the priest did as the LORD commanded Moses. The plunder remaining from the spoils that the soldiers took was 675,000 sheep, 72,000 cattle, 61,000 donkeys and 32,000 women who had never slept with a man. The half share of those who fought in the battle was: 337,500 sheep, of which the tribute for the LORD was 675; 36,000 cattle, of which the tribute for the LORD was 72; 30,500 donkeys, of which the tribute for the LORD was 61; 16,000 people, of whom the tribute for the LORD was 32. Moses gave the tribute to Eleazar the priest as the LORD’s part, as the LORD commanded Moses. The half belonging to the Israelites, which Moses set apart from that of the fighting men— the community’s half—was 337,500 sheep, 36,000 cattle, 30,500 donkeys and 16,000 people. From the Israelites’ half, Moses selected one out of every fifty people and animals, as the LORD commanded him, and gave them to the Levites, who were responsible for the care of the LORD’s tabernacle.’

Having been brought up under this system, the Jewish Christians had no difficulty in understanding the principle which Paul is explaining to the Corinthians, namely, that the man whose life is spent in the service of God has both the privilege and the right to receive the support of God’s people.

It’s regrettable that, as plain as is the teaching presented in l Corinthians 9, some churches, claiming to appeal for a ‘return to New Testament Christianity’, appear to have been and continue to be slow to put it into practice.

 

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us."

Romans 5:8

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