Scriptures

The Book Of Leviticus

WELCOME TO THE STUDY OF THE BOOK OF LEVITICUS

There’s no doubt that the Book Of Leviticus is probably one of the least read books in the entire Scriptures. Some feel it is irrelevant today, some feel it has no value for the Christian today and yet it’s full of deep truths, concerning sacrifice and worship. When we approach any book of the Bible, we must remember that it is inspired of God, and it is useful our learning, encouragement, and gives us hope.

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Full Study

The Book of Leviticus is part of what is called the Pentateuch. It’s commonly accepted that Moses is the author of the Pentateuch, that is Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.

Genesis begins with creation and it depicts the rise of God’s people, Exodus begins in bondage, it tells of the redemption from Egypt and Leviticus begins in sacrifice, it sets forth the ritual of worship. Complete study of the book of Leviticus


CHAPTER BY CHAPTER

 

Moses being the mediator of God, wants the people to know that these laws didn’t come from him, he didn’t want them to think they were his laws, he wants to make it clear that these laws came from God Himself. God spoke to Moses from the ‘tent of meeting’, this is the tabernacle, and it would be from the tabernacle that God would speak to His people for the next five hundred years. Leviticus 1

The grain offering didn’t involve the taking of a life, instead, it was made up of the finest flour, oil, and incense. It looked to the time at creation when God had given to them all the food of the earth.

This is a picture of the One who became our ‘Bread of Life’, and who was anointed with the ‘oil’ of the Holy Spirit. Leviticus 2

Everyone ate a portion of the fellowship offering, the offeror, the Lord, the priest, even the priest’s children.

In the burnt offering and the grain offering, the Lord and the priest had a portion, but not the one making the offering, this signified communion with God. Leviticus 3

The first three offerings were offered as acts of worship but this offering is made for atonement for sin. The first three offerings were burnt upon the altar in the compound of the tabernacle but this offering is burnt on the bare earth outside the camp.

This is a picture of Jesus who was crucified outside of Jerusalem, therefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people though His own blood, suffered outside the gate. Leviticus 4

In this chapter we find there are three different offences in which a person would have to submit a guilt offering.

The first is directed to anyone who does not publicly speak up to testify to the truth in the courts. The second one is directed at those who touch anything which is ceremonially unclean and the third one is directed at those who make oaths. Leviticus 5

In this chapter Moses shares some laws concerning people’s properties. The first deals with someone who deceits his neighbour about property that was left as security. The second law deals with those who rob from someone else’s property. The third law deals with unjust gain from someone else’s property and the fourth law deals with someone who finds something which doesn’t belong to them.

Moses also addresses the duties and retirements for Aaron and his sons who were serving as priests. Leviticus 6 

In this chapter, we find God being specific with His instructions for Aaron and his sons and their ceremonial duties in reference to their part of the offering made by the people. The fellowship offerings consisted of three offerings, the thanksgiving offering, the vow offering, and finally the freewill offering. Leviticus 7

In this chapter we find a gradual shift to the part of the priesthood in the various offerings and this in turn brings us to the laws of the priests. The Lord now addresses the responsibilities of the priests in their role as mediators for the nation.

The priests were now Israel’s spiritual leaders, doing everything according to God’s will and in doing so, they would now become the prime example of obedience to the rest of the nation. Leviticus 8

It is now time for Aaron and his sons to obediently put into practice everything they had learned and been commanded to do. It was time to begin their work as priests of Israel.

Remember the first seven days were all about consecrating the priests who were to take care of the tabernacle, it is now the eight day, which was the day the tabernacle was finally erected. Leviticus 9

We left the Israelites full of joy in the previous chapter, they were one with God and each other, God will be their God and they will be His people. The priesthood is now up and running and everything to remain in fellowship with God and each other is in place.

However, this chapter reveals that their time of joy didn’t last very long. Leviticus 10

This section begins with a general chapter on unclean foods, both animals and water. It has been noted that many of these dietary requirements had value with regard to the kinds of diseases which could be caught.

However, the purpose given for these laws was that God’s people might be holy. Uncleanliness was not limited to that which could be eaten or drunk, there were other aspects of ceremonial uncleanliness which were maintained within a person’s body. Leviticus 11

As we read through this short chapter, it would be a mistake to think that God is saying that giving birth is somehow unclean. This chapter show us that God has the health of the mother and the child in mind, He wanted to ensure that mother and baby were well and the mother had time to recover from giving birth. Leviticus 12

The skin disease described in this chapter are leprosy and it shows itself in six different ways. It was the priest’s duty to determine if a person had leprosy or not. After any leper was cleansed of their disease, the law said they were to present themselves to a priest in order to receive confirmation that they were clean. Leviticus 13

Here we read about regulations concerning a leper who was now clean.

We also read about regulations concerning mould in people’s houses.

I’m sure these would be such happy events for everyone concerned. Leviticus 14

Abnormal discharge was second only to leprosy in cutting the person off from the temple and worship. It also cut them off from all social life.

These laws were a part of the bigger picture, which separated God’s people from the nations around them. Leviticus 15

Occupying a central place in the Book of Leviticus is the most holy day of the year, Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement.

Later, we will also see that what was to take place here on this very special day, was pointing to something and Someone greater, that is Christ. Leviticus 16

As we enter the next four chapters we are informed about laws of holiness. These laws were designed to make the people of God different that the rest of the peoples of the world. There was a definite injunction against eating or drinking blood and the reason for this was simple to understand, blood symbolises life. Leviticus 17

The ten commandments had forbidden adultery, now the Law goes on to specify the various forms of sexual immorality which are forbidden in that general law. It includes such issues as incest as well as adultery and homosexuality. This chapter also prohibits the marrying of sister to brother etc. Leviticus 18

In this chapter and the next, as we move from law to law, we find some general laws which follow a varied pattern of subjects. More importantly we come across the theme of holiness once again. There is an important principle in this chapter, the foundation for all true morality rests upon the existence of a holy God. Leviticus 19

Not only did God give the Israelites laws to remind them they were to be different from the nations around them, He also gave them consequences for breaking His laws.

Most of the sins mentioned here are in relation to the Canaanite God, Molek. Leviticus 20

The following two chapters deal with laws concerning the priests. It was the priest’s responsibility to stand between God and His people, which meant they were to be holy; they were to be segregated from the world and the Israelites in order to serve God, His people and carry out their priestly duties within the tabernacle. Leviticus 21

As we read in the last chapter, this chapter continues with more laws concerning the priests.

The reason behind these regulations was to protect the holiness of the priests. God is a holy God and His priests must be holy and take every precaution to protect their holiness. Leviticus 22

In this chapter and the following two chapters we read about seven convocations, that is seven different times God’s people were to come together. The Book of Leviticus started the setting forth of five types of offerings. Now as we near its close, we have set forth for us seven appointed convocations. Leviticus 23

In this chapter we read about blasphemy for the first time. God says that any verbal sin against Him and His laws for Israel, was punishable by stoning. It was the responsibility of the entire congregation to carry out the sentence so that no one person would be the executioner. Leviticus 24

Just as the Israelites were to rest each seventh day, so also, they were to observe every seventh year, they were also to observe the seventh week and the seventh month. On the Day of Atonement, the 7th month, of the 7th cycle of sabbatical years, the Year of Jubilee was to be ushered in. Leviticus 25

In this chapter, the Lord sets forth the results of both discipline and of obedience. Obedience brings blessing, disobedience brings cursing.

The result of this blessing of obedience would be that Israel would enjoy the blessings of the covenant relationship. Leviticus 26

Unlike today where people don’t take vows seriously, God has always been serious when it comes to making any vow, especially any vow which was made to Him.

Here we find God describing a vow which was made outside of the law, a vow in relation to making an offering to the Lord. These vows were not forced on people they were to be taken voluntarily. Leviticus 27

DAILY BIBLE VERSE

"And my God will meet all your needs according to his glorious riches in Christ Jesus."

Philippians 4:19

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